"mọi" meaning in Vietnamese

Determiner

IPA: [mɔj˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [mɔj˨˩˨] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
  1. every; all
    Categories (kind): Vietnamese determiners

Noun

IPA: [mɔj˧˨ʔ] [Hà-Nội], [mɔj˨˩˨] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
  1. barbarian; savage Tags: derogatory

Download JSON data for mọi meaning in Vietnamese (7.1kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mỗi"
      },
      "expansion": "mỗi",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "每",
        "pos": "SV: mỗi",
        "t": "every, each"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "每",
        "2": "every, each",
        "3": "mỗi",
        "hv": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mỗi"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of mỗi",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi). Doublet of mỗi.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "mọi",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "mọi",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "kind",
          "name": "Vietnamese determiners",
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "One for all! All for one!",
          "text": "Một người vì mọi người ! Mọi người vì một người !"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "every; all"
      ],
      "id": "mọi-det"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˨˩˨]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mọi"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*mɔːlʔ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "mõl",
        "3": "",
        "4": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong mõl (“human being”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "2": "*mɔːlʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "*mɔːlʔ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "2": "*c-mɔːlʔ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "digging stick"
      },
      "expansion": "*c-mɔːlʔ (“digging stick”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*jm(o:)l",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *jm(o:)l (“male”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-okm",
        "2": "jmol",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male (of animals)"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Khmer jmol (“male (of animals)”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "ឈ្មោល"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer ឈ្មោល (chmool)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "omx",
        "2": "jmur",
        "3": "jmūr ~ jmur",
        "4": "male (elephant)"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Mon jmūr ~ jmur (“male (elephant)”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sza",
        "2": "rəmɔːl",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male"
      },
      "expansion": "Semelai rəmɔːl (“male”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "digging stick",
        "tr": "crmɔɔl"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmu [script needed] (crmɔɔl, “digging stick”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "to plant (rice) with digging stick",
        "tr": "cmɔ:l"
      },
      "expansion": "[script needed] (cmɔ:l, “to plant (rice) with digging stick”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-okm",
        "2": "cval",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Khmer cval (“to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "ចូល"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer ចូល (coul)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "xoi",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to bore, to perforate"
      },
      "expansion": "Vietnamese xoi (“to bore, to perforate”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "xói"
      },
      "expansion": "xói",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "moi"
      },
      "expansion": "moi",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mói",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to delve, to dig out"
      },
      "expansion": "mói (“to delve, to dig out”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "mõl"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong mõl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "soul",
        "tr": "hmmaːl"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmu [script needed] (hmmaːl, “soul”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*mɔːlʔ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal",
        "4": "",
        "5": "shadow, soul"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal (“shadow, soul”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”) (secondary borrowing from a Muong lect?); cognate with Muong mõl (“human being”).\nFurther origin uncertain:\n*Schuessler (2007: 391,392) proposes that Vietic *mɔːlʔ is cognate to *c-mɔːlʔ (“digging stick”), as well as to such descendants of Proto-Mon-Khmer *jm(o:)l (“male”) as Old Khmer jmol (“male (of animals)”) (⇒ Khmer ឈ្មោល (chmool)), Old Mon jmūr ~ jmur (“male (elephant)”), Semelai rəmɔːl (“male”); according to Schuessler, both \"male\" and \"digging stick\" derived from a stem represented in Khmu [script needed] (crmɔɔl, “digging stick”), [script needed] (cmɔ:l, “to plant (rice) with digging stick”), and Old Khmer cval (“to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate”) (⇒ Khmer ចូល (coul)).\n**If so, from *čɑɑr \"to dig, to delve\" (Ferlus, 1989-1990: 54-56). Compare also Vietnamese xoi (“to bore, to perforate”), xói, moi, mói (“to delve, to dig out”), which are this root's reflexes with back vowels.\n*However, Ferlus did not deem Vietnamese mọi and Muong mõl to be derivatives of *čaar; instead, he relates them to Khmu [script needed] (hmmaːl, “soul”) (Ferlus: 55);\n**If so, Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”) would be a derivative of Proto-Mon-Khmer *smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal (“shadow, soul”) (Shorto, 2006: #1779); nevertheless, Shorto did not count Vietic items among reflexes of this root.\n*:",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱"
      },
      "expansion": "mọi (𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱"
      },
      "expansion": "mọi (𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 100",
          "kind": "kind",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "barbarian; savage"
      ],
      "id": "mọi-noun",
      "tags": [
        "derogatory"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˨˩˨]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mọi"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese doublets",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Chinese",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "mọi người"
    },
    {
      "word": "mọi vật"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mỗi"
      },
      "expansion": "mỗi",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "每",
        "pos": "SV: mỗi",
        "t": "every, each"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "每",
        "2": "every, each",
        "3": "mỗi",
        "hv": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mỗi"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of mỗi",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese 每 (“every, each”, SV: mỗi). Doublet of mỗi.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "mọi",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "mọi",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "One for all! All for one!",
          "text": "Một người vì mọi người ! Mọi người vì một người !"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "every; all"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˨˩˨]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mọi"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns without classifiers",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*mɔːlʔ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "mõl",
        "3": "",
        "4": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong mõl (“human being”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "2": "*mɔːlʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "*mɔːlʔ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "2": "*c-mɔːlʔ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "digging stick"
      },
      "expansion": "*c-mɔːlʔ (“digging stick”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*jm(o:)l",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *jm(o:)l (“male”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-okm",
        "2": "jmol",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male (of animals)"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Khmer jmol (“male (of animals)”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "ឈ្មោល"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer ឈ្មោល (chmool)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "omx",
        "2": "jmur",
        "3": "jmūr ~ jmur",
        "4": "male (elephant)"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Mon jmūr ~ jmur (“male (elephant)”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sza",
        "2": "rəmɔːl",
        "3": "",
        "4": "male"
      },
      "expansion": "Semelai rəmɔːl (“male”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "digging stick",
        "tr": "crmɔɔl"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmu [script needed] (crmɔɔl, “digging stick”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "to plant (rice) with digging stick",
        "tr": "cmɔ:l"
      },
      "expansion": "[script needed] (cmɔ:l, “to plant (rice) with digging stick”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-okm",
        "2": "cval",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Khmer cval (“to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "ចូល"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer ចូល (coul)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "xoi",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to bore, to perforate"
      },
      "expansion": "Vietnamese xoi (“to bore, to perforate”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "xói"
      },
      "expansion": "xói",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "moi"
      },
      "expansion": "moi",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mói",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to delve, to dig out"
      },
      "expansion": "mói (“to delve, to dig out”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mtq",
        "2": "mõl"
      },
      "expansion": "Muong mõl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kjg",
        "t": "soul",
        "tr": "hmmaːl"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmu [script needed] (hmmaːl, “soul”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*mɔːlʔ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "human being"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal",
        "4": "",
        "5": "shadow, soul"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal (“shadow, soul”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”) (secondary borrowing from a Muong lect?); cognate with Muong mõl (“human being”).\nFurther origin uncertain:\n*Schuessler (2007: 391,392) proposes that Vietic *mɔːlʔ is cognate to *c-mɔːlʔ (“digging stick”), as well as to such descendants of Proto-Mon-Khmer *jm(o:)l (“male”) as Old Khmer jmol (“male (of animals)”) (⇒ Khmer ឈ្មោល (chmool)), Old Mon jmūr ~ jmur (“male (elephant)”), Semelai rəmɔːl (“male”); according to Schuessler, both \"male\" and \"digging stick\" derived from a stem represented in Khmu [script needed] (crmɔɔl, “digging stick”), [script needed] (cmɔ:l, “to plant (rice) with digging stick”), and Old Khmer cval (“to enter, penetrate, (of animals) copulate”) (⇒ Khmer ចូល (coul)).\n**If so, from *čɑɑr \"to dig, to delve\" (Ferlus, 1989-1990: 54-56). Compare also Vietnamese xoi (“to bore, to perforate”), xói, moi, mói (“to delve, to dig out”), which are this root's reflexes with back vowels.\n*However, Ferlus did not deem Vietnamese mọi and Muong mõl to be derivatives of *čaar; instead, he relates them to Khmu [script needed] (hmmaːl, “soul”) (Ferlus: 55);\n**If so, Proto-Vietic *mɔːlʔ (“human being”) would be a derivative of Proto-Mon-Khmer *smuul ~ smuəl ~ smaal ~ smal (“shadow, soul”) (Shorto, 2006: #1779); nevertheless, Shorto did not count Vietic items among reflexes of this root.\n*:",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱"
      },
      "expansion": "mọi (𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱"
      },
      "expansion": "mọi (𤞦, 𧖦, 𬠱)",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese derogatory terms"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "barbarian; savage"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "derogatory"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˧˨ʔ]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[mɔj˨˩˨]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "mọi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.