"wristuz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See wristuz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈwris.tuz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”), from *wer- (“to bend; turn”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*wrey-||to turn; wrap; bind}} Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”), {{m|ine-pro|*wer-||to bend; turn}} *wer- (“to bend; turn”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], wristuz [nominative, singular], wristiwiz [nominative, plural], wristu [singular, vocative], wristiwiz [plural, vocative], wristų [accusative, singular], wristunz [accusative, plural], wristauz [genitive, singular], wristiwǫ̂ [genitive, plural], wristiwi [dative, singular], wristumaz [dative, plural], wristū [instrumental, singular], wristumiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) joint (wrist or ankle) Tags: masculine, reconstruction Related terms: wraistijaną, wrīhaną
    Sense id: en-wristuz-gem-pro-noun-HifJXJB9 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for wristuz meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: wrist, wyrst\nMiddle English: wrist, wryst, wryste, wriste, wyrste, wirste, virste; wrest, wreste, wrost\nEnglish: wrist\nScots: wrist\nYola: wrasth, wraste",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: wrist, wyrst\nMiddle English: wrist, wryst, wryste, wriste, wyrste, wirste, virste; wrest, wreste, wrost\nEnglish: wrist\nScots: wrist\nYola: wrasth, wraste"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "wirst"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: wrist, wirst",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: wrist, wirst"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "wråst"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: wråst",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: wråst"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "wrest"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: wrist, wrest",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: wrist, wrest"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: wrist, rist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: wrist, rist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: rist",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "riste"
          },
          "expansion": "riste",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: rist; riste"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Rist"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Rist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Rist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: rist, vrist\nIcelandic: rist\nNorn: rist\nOld Swedish: vrist\nSwedish: vrist\nDanish: vrist",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: rist, vrist\nIcelandic: rist\nNorn: rist\nOld Swedish: vrist\nSwedish: vrist\nDanish: vrist"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wrey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to turn; wrap; bind"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*wer-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to bend; turn"
      },
      "expansion": "*wer- (“to bend; turn”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”), from *wer- (“to bend; turn”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristuz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/wristuz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "joint (wrist or ankle)"
      ],
      "id": "en-wristuz-gem-pro-noun-HifJXJB9",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "joint",
          "joint"
        ],
        [
          "wrist",
          "wrist"
        ],
        [
          "ankle",
          "ankle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) joint (wrist or ankle)"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "wraistijaną"
        },
        {
          "word": "wrīhaną"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈwris.tuz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "wristuz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: wrist, wyrst\nMiddle English: wrist, wryst, wryste, wriste, wyrste, wirste, virste; wrest, wreste, wrost\nEnglish: wrist\nScots: wrist\nYola: wrasth, wraste",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: wrist, wyrst\nMiddle English: wrist, wryst, wryste, wriste, wyrste, wirste, virste; wrest, wreste, wrost\nEnglish: wrist\nScots: wrist\nYola: wrasth, wraste"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "wirst"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: wrist, wirst",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: wrist, wirst"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "wråst"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: wråst",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: wråst"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*wrist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *wrist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *wrist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "wrest"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: wrist, wrest",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: wrist, wrest"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "wrist",
            "3": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: wrist, rist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: wrist, rist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: rist",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "riste"
          },
          "expansion": "riste",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: rist; riste"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Rist"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Rist",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Rist"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "rist"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: rist, vrist\nIcelandic: rist\nNorn: rist\nOld Swedish: vrist\nSwedish: vrist\nDanish: vrist",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: rist, vrist\nIcelandic: rist\nNorn: rist\nOld Swedish: vrist\nSwedish: vrist\nDanish: vrist"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wrey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to turn; wrap; bind"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*wer-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to bend; turn"
      },
      "expansion": "*wer- (“to bend; turn”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *wrey- (“to turn; wrap; bind”), from *wer- (“to bend; turn”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristuz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristiwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wristumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/wristuz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "wraistijaną"
    },
    {
      "word": "wrīhaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic u-stem nouns",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "joint (wrist or ankle)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "joint",
          "joint"
        ],
        [
          "wrist",
          "wrist"
        ],
        [
          "ankle",
          "ankle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) joint (wrist or ankle)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈwris.tuz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "wristuz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.