"twiz-" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See twiz- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Prefix

IPA: /twiz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognates include Latin dis-, Ancient Greek δίς (dís) and Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*dwís}} Proto-Indo-European *dwís, {{cog|la|dis-}} Latin dis-, {{cog|grc|δίς}} Ancient Greek δίς (dís), {{cog|sa|द्वीह्}} Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh)
  1. in two, in twain Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-Qys7qfuf
  2. asunder, in pieces Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-wjBFCkp3
  3. apart, separate Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-V4yBOv7P Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 30 13 57
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: twi-, tuz-

Download JSON data for twiz- meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*twiʀ-",
            "3": "*tuʀ-",
            "4": "*tiʀ-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *twiʀ-, *tuʀ-, *tiʀ-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *twiʀ-, *tuʀ-, *tiʀ-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: te-, ti-, tō-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: te-, ti-, tō-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: to-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "English: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "i"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: to- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: te-, ti-, tō-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: te-, ti-, tō-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "tou-"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: tou-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: tou-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "ta-"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: ta-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: ta-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: te-, ti-, tō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: te-, ti-, tō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "to-",
            "3": "tô-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: to-, tô-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: to-, tô-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: to-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*ti-",
            "3": "*tō"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *ti-, *tō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *ti-, *tō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "toe-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: te-, toe-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: te-, toe-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "toe-",
            "q1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: (obsolete) te-, toe-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: (obsolete) te-, toe-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "zi-",
            "3": "zir-",
            "4": "zar-",
            "5": "zur-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: zi-, zir-, zar-, zur-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: zi-, zir-, zar-, zur-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "zer-",
            "3": "zur-",
            "4": "zu-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: zer-, zur-, zu-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: zer-, zur-, zu-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "zer-",
            "3": "zu-"
          },
          "expansion": "German: zer-, zu-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: zer-, zu-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "צע־"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: צע־ (tse-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: צע־ (tse-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃- (twis-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃- (twis-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌳𐌹𐍃-",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*dwís"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *dwís",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dis-"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dis-",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "δίς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek δίς (dís)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "द्वीह्"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognates include Latin dis-, Ancient Greek δίς (dís) and Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twiz-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "twi-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tuz-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in two, in twain"
      ],
      "id": "en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-Qys7qfuf",
      "links": [
        [
          "two",
          "two"
        ],
        [
          "twain",
          "twain"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "asunder, in pieces"
      ],
      "id": "en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-wjBFCkp3",
      "links": [
        [
          "asunder",
          "asunder"
        ],
        [
          "pieces",
          "pieces"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "30 13 57",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "apart, separate"
      ],
      "id": "en-twiz--gem-pro-prefix-V4yBOv7P",
      "links": [
        [
          "apart",
          "apart"
        ],
        [
          "separate",
          "separate"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/twiz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twiz-"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prefixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*twiʀ-",
            "3": "*tuʀ-",
            "4": "*tiʀ-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *twiʀ-, *tuʀ-, *tiʀ-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *twiʀ-, *tuʀ-, *tiʀ-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: te-, ti-, tō-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: te-, ti-, tō-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: to-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "English: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "i"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: to- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: te-, ti-, tō-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: te-, ti-, tō-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "tou-"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: tou-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: tou-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "ta-"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: ta-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: ta-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "ti-",
            "4": "tō"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: te-, ti-, tō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: te-, ti-, tō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "to-",
            "3": "tô-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: to-, tô-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: to-, tô-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "to-"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: to-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: to-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*ti-",
            "3": "*tō"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *ti-, *tō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *ti-, *tō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "toe-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: te-, toe-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: te-, toe-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "te-",
            "3": "toe-",
            "q1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: (obsolete) te-, toe-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: (obsolete) te-, toe-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "zi-",
            "3": "zir-",
            "4": "zar-",
            "5": "zur-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: zi-, zir-, zar-, zur-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: zi-, zir-, zar-, zur-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "zer-",
            "3": "zur-",
            "4": "zu-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: zer-, zur-, zu-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: zer-, zur-, zu-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "zer-",
            "3": "zu-"
          },
          "expansion": "German: zer-, zu-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: zer-, zu-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "צע־"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: צע־ (tse-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: צע־ (tse-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃- (twis-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌹𐍃- (twis-)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌳𐌹𐍃-",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*dwís"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *dwís",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dis-"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dis-",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "δίς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek δίς (dís)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "द्वीह्"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognates include Latin dis-, Ancient Greek δίς (dís) and Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvīh).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twiz-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "twi-"
    },
    {
      "word": "tuz-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in two, in twain"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "two",
          "two"
        ],
        [
          "twain",
          "twain"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "asunder, in pieces"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "asunder",
          "asunder"
        ],
        [
          "pieces",
          "pieces"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "apart, separate"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "apart",
          "apart"
        ],
        [
          "separate",
          "separate"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/twiz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twiz-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.