"sumaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See sumaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Determiner

IPA: /ˈsu.mɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-, from *sem- (“one, whole”). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*sem-}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro||*sm̥-h₁-o-}} Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-, {{m|ine-pro|*sem-||one, whole}} *sem- (“one, whole”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj}} Forms: strong [table-tags], sumaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], sumai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], sumō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], sumôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], sumą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -at [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], sumō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], sumanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], sumanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], sumǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], sumōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], sumą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -at [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], sumō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], sumas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], sumis [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], sumaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], sumaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], sumaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], sumas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], sumis [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], sumaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], sumammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], sumaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], sumaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], sumaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], sumammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], sumaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], sumanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], sumaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], sumaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], sumaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], sumanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], sumaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong]
  1. (in the singular) some (one), a certain (one) Tags: reconstruction, singular
    Sense id: sumaz-gem-pro-det-KaXdEAbK
  2. (in the plural) some, certain Tags: in-plural, reconstruction
    Sense id: sumaz-gem-pro-det-arteRDL~ Categories (other): Proto-Germanic determiners Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic determiners: 38 62
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: samaz

Download JSON data for sumaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.7kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sum"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sum\nOld English: sum\nMiddle English: som, somme, summe; zome\nEnglish: some\nScots: sum, some\nYola: zim, zum\nOld Frisian: sum\nNorth Frisian: som, sam, säm\nWest Frisian: sume, sum\nOld Saxon: sum\nMiddle Low German: som\nLow German: sum\nOld Dutch: sum\nMiddle Dutch: som\nDutch: som, saom (dialectal)\nLimburgish: zóm\nOld High German: sum\nMiddle High German: sum",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sum\nOld English: sum\nMiddle English: som, somme, summe; zome\nEnglish: some\nScots: sum, some\nYola: zim, zum\nOld Frisian: sum\nNorth Frisian: som, sam, säm\nWest Frisian: sume, sum\nOld Saxon: sum\nMiddle Low German: som\nLow German: sum\nOld Dutch: sum\nMiddle Dutch: som\nDutch: som, saom (dialectal)\nLimburgish: zóm\nOld High German: sum\nMiddle High German: sum"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sumr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sumr\nIcelandic: sumur\nFaroese: summur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: sum, som; (dialectal) sum’e, søm\nOld Swedish: sumber\nSwedish: somme, somma, somt, (dialectal) sômmer, sômma\nDanish: somme\nNorwegian Bokmål: somme",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sumr\nIcelandic: sumur\nFaroese: summur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: sum, som; (dialectal) sum’e, søm\nOld Swedish: sumber\nSwedish: somme, somma, somt, (dialectal) sômmer, sômma\nDanish: somme\nNorwegian Bokmål: somme"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃 (sums)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃 (sums)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*sem-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*sm̥-h₁-o-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*sem-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "one, whole"
      },
      "expansion": "*sem- (“one, whole”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-, from *sem- (“one, whole”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/sumaz",
  "pos": "det",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "samaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "some (one), a certain (one)"
      ],
      "id": "sumaz-gem-pro-det-KaXdEAbK",
      "links": [
        [
          "singular",
          "singular"
        ],
        [
          "some",
          "some"
        ],
        [
          "certain",
          "certain"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the singular) some (one), a certain (one)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "38 62",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "some, certain"
      ],
      "id": "sumaz-gem-pro-det-arteRDL~",
      "links": [
        [
          "some",
          "some"
        ],
        [
          "certain",
          "certain"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the plural) some, certain"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-plural",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈsu.mɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sumaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic determiners",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sum"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sum\nOld English: sum\nMiddle English: som, somme, summe; zome\nEnglish: some\nScots: sum, some\nYola: zim, zum\nOld Frisian: sum\nNorth Frisian: som, sam, säm\nWest Frisian: sume, sum\nOld Saxon: sum\nMiddle Low German: som\nLow German: sum\nOld Dutch: sum\nMiddle Dutch: som\nDutch: som, saom (dialectal)\nLimburgish: zóm\nOld High German: sum\nMiddle High German: sum",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sum\nOld English: sum\nMiddle English: som, somme, summe; zome\nEnglish: some\nScots: sum, some\nYola: zim, zum\nOld Frisian: sum\nNorth Frisian: som, sam, säm\nWest Frisian: sume, sum\nOld Saxon: sum\nMiddle Low German: som\nLow German: sum\nOld Dutch: sum\nMiddle Dutch: som\nDutch: som, saom (dialectal)\nLimburgish: zóm\nOld High German: sum\nMiddle High German: sum"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sumr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sumr\nIcelandic: sumur\nFaroese: summur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: sum, som; (dialectal) sum’e, søm\nOld Swedish: sumber\nSwedish: somme, somma, somt, (dialectal) sômmer, sômma\nDanish: somme\nNorwegian Bokmål: somme",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sumr\nIcelandic: sumur\nFaroese: summur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: sum, som; (dialectal) sum’e, søm\nOld Swedish: sumber\nSwedish: somme, somma, somt, (dialectal) sômmer, sômma\nDanish: somme\nNorwegian Bokmål: somme"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃 (sums)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃 (sums)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*sem-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*sm̥-h₁-o-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*sem-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "one, whole"
      },
      "expansion": "*sem- (“one, whole”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₁-o-, from *sem- (“one, whole”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sumaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/sumaz",
  "pos": "det",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "samaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "some (one), a certain (one)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "singular",
          "singular"
        ],
        [
          "some",
          "some"
        ],
        [
          "certain",
          "certain"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the singular) some (one), a certain (one)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "some, certain"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "some",
          "some"
        ],
        [
          "certain",
          "certain"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the plural) some, certain"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-plural",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈsu.mɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sumaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.