"spenô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See spenô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈspe.nɔːː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s, from *pstḗn (“breast, nipple”). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*peh₂ǵ-|*steh₂-}}, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro||*pstén-o-s}} Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s, {{m|ine-pro|*pstḗn||breast, nipple}} *pstḗn (“breast, nipple”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=m}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], spenô [nominative, singular], spenaniz [nominative, plural], spenô [singular, vocative], spenaniz [plural, vocative], spenanų [accusative, singular], spenanunz [accusative, plural], spininiz [genitive, singular], spenanǫ̂ [genitive, plural], spinini [dative, singular], spenammaz [dative, plural], spininē [instrumental, singular], spenammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) nipple Tags: masculine, reconstruction Synonyms: delō, spanô Derived forms: spanjaną, spanōną, spenōną
    Sense id: en-spenô-gem-pro-noun-2E9pH8SY Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for spenô meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "*spana"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: *spana",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "spanu"
          },
          "expansion": "spanu",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "spane"
          },
          "expansion": "spane",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: *spana; spanu; spane"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*spen"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *spen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *spen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "spien"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: spien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: spien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*spana"
          },
          "expansion": "*spana",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*span"
          },
          "expansion": "*span",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *speno; *spana, *span"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spēne"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: spēne",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spone"
          },
          "expansion": "spone",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spon"
          },
          "expansion": "spon",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: spēne; spone, spon"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "spene",
            "3": "späne"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: spene, späne",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: spene, späne"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "spean",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ English: spean",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "possibly from Middle Dutch"
          },
          "expansion": "(possibly from Middle Dutch)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ English: spean (possibly from Middle Dutch)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*spenō",
            "3": "*spanō"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *spenō, *spanō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *spenō, *spanō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *speno"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: spene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "speen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: speen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: speen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*spena"
          },
          "expansion": "*spena",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *speno; *spena"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "spen"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: spen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: spen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "speni",
            "t": "nipple"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: speni (“nipple”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: speni (“nipple”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "speni"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: speni",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: speni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "spini",
            "t": "teat; penis"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: spini (“teat; penis”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: spini (“teat; penis”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: spene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "spene",
            "3": "späne"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: spene, späne",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: spene, späne"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: spene"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₂ǵ-",
        "4": "*steh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pstén-o-s"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pstḗn",
        "3": "",
        "4": "breast, nipple"
      },
      "expansion": "*pstḗn (“breast, nipple”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s, from *pstḗn (“breast, nipple”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spininiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spinini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spininē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/spenô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "spanjaną"
        },
        {
          "word": "spanōną"
        },
        {
          "word": "spenōną"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nipple"
      ],
      "id": "en-spenô-gem-pro-noun-2E9pH8SY",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "nipple",
          "nipple"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) nipple"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "delō"
        },
        {
          "word": "spanô"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈspe.nɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "spenô"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "spanjaną"
    },
    {
      "word": "spanōną"
    },
    {
      "word": "spenōną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "*spana"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: *spana",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "spanu"
          },
          "expansion": "spanu",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "spane"
          },
          "expansion": "spane",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: *spana; spanu; spane"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*spen"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *spen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *spen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "spien"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: spien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: spien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*spana"
          },
          "expansion": "*spana",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*span"
          },
          "expansion": "*span",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *speno; *spana, *span"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spēne"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: spēne",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spone"
          },
          "expansion": "spone",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "spon"
          },
          "expansion": "spon",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: spēne; spone, spon"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "spene",
            "3": "späne"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: spene, späne",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: spene, späne"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "spean",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ English: spean",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "possibly from Middle Dutch"
          },
          "expansion": "(possibly from Middle Dutch)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ English: spean (possibly from Middle Dutch)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frk",
            "2": "*spenō",
            "3": "*spanō"
          },
          "expansion": "Frankish: *spenō, *spanō",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Frankish: *spenō, *spanō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *speno"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: spene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "speen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: speen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: speen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*speno"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *speno",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*spena"
          },
          "expansion": "*spena",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *speno; *spena"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "spen"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: spen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: spen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "speni",
            "t": "nipple"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: speni (“nipple”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: speni (“nipple”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "speni"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: speni",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: speni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "spini",
            "t": "teat; penis"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: spini (“teat; penis”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: spini (“teat; penis”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: spene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "spene",
            "3": "späne"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: spene, späne",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: spene, späne"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "spene"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: spene",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: spene"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₂ǵ-",
        "4": "*steh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*pstén-o-s"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pstḗn",
        "3": "",
        "4": "breast, nipple"
      },
      "expansion": "*pstḗn (“breast, nipple”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *pstén-o-s, from *pstḗn (“breast, nipple”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spininiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spinini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spininē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spenammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/spenô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *peh₂ǵ-",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *steh₂-",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nipple"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "nipple",
          "nipple"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) nipple"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈspe.nɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "delō"
    },
    {
      "word": "spanô"
    }
  ],
  "word": "spenô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.