"skinō" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See skinō in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈski.nɔː/
Etymology: Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*skey-||to cut, split}} Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], skinō [nominative, singular], skinôz [nominative, plural], skinō [singular, vocative], skinôz [plural, vocative], skinǭ [accusative, singular], skinōz [accusative, plural], skinōz [genitive, singular], skinǫ̂ [genitive, plural], skinōi [dative, singular], skinōmaz [dative, plural], skinō [instrumental, singular], skinōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. plate; rim Tags: feminine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-W53SHdDg
  2. piece Tags: feminine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-NCNaLFAu
  3. (anatomy) shinbone Tags: feminine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-VjWEy8lD Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 32 4 65 Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for skinō meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*skinu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *skinu\nOld English: sċinu\nMiddle English: schyne, schen, schin, schine, schyn, schynne, scine, shine, shyn, shzine\nEnglish: shin\nScots: shin, schin\nOld Frisian: *skine\nSaterland Frisian: Skiene\nWest Frisian: skine\nOld Saxon: skina\nMiddle Low German: schēne\nGerman Low German: Scheen, Schien\n→ Danish: skinne\n→ Norwegian: skinne, skina\n→ Swedish: skena\nOld Dutch: *skina\nMiddle Dutch: schene\nDutch: scheen\nAfrikaans: skeen\nOld High German: skina, scina, scena\nMiddle High German: schine, schin\nAlemannic German: Schine\nGerman: Schiene\n→ Hungarian: sín\n→ Macedonian: шина (šina)\n→ Polish: szyna\n→ Romanian: șină\n→ Russian: шина (šina)\n→ Serbo-Croatian:\nCyrillic script: шина\nLatin script: šina\nLuxembourgish: Schinn\nLombardic: *skinko\n→ Italian: stinco\n (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *skinu\nOld English: sċinu\nMiddle English: schyne, schen, schin, schine, schyn, schynne, scine, shine, shyn, shzine\nEnglish: shin\nScots: shin, schin\nOld Frisian: *skine\nSaterland Frisian: Skiene\nWest Frisian: skine\nOld Saxon: skina\nMiddle Low German: schēne\nGerman Low German: Scheen, Schien\n→ Danish: skinne\n→ Norwegian: skinne, skina\n→ Swedish: skena\nOld Dutch: *skina\nMiddle Dutch: schene\nDutch: scheen\nAfrikaans: skeen\nOld High German: skina, scina, scena\nMiddle High German: schine, schin\nAlemannic German: Schine\nGerman: Schiene\n→ Hungarian: sín\n→ Macedonian: шина (šina)\n→ Polish: szyna\n→ Romanian: șină\n→ Russian: шина (šina)\n→ Serbo-Croatian:\nCyrillic script: шина\nLatin script: šina\nLuxembourgish: Schinn\nLombardic: *skinko\n→ Italian: stinco\n (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰 (*skina)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰 (*skina)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "VL.",
            "2": "*skina",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Vulgar Latin: *skina",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Vulgar Latin: *skina (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Unsorted formations:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "eschine",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Old French: eschine, enchine, echine, chine\nMiddle French: eschine\nFrench: échine\n→ Middle English: chyne\nEnglish: chine",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Old French: eschine, enchine, echine, chine\nMiddle French: eschine\nFrench: échine\n→ Middle English: chyne\nEnglish: chine"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to cut, split"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/skinō",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "plate; rim"
      ],
      "id": "en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-W53SHdDg",
      "links": [
        [
          "plate",
          "plate"
        ],
        [
          "rim",
          "rim"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "piece"
      ],
      "id": "en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-NCNaLFAu",
      "links": [
        [
          "piece",
          "piece"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "32 4 65",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "shinbone"
      ],
      "id": "en-skinō-gem-pro-noun-VjWEy8lD",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "shinbone",
          "shinbone"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) shinbone"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈski.nɔː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "skinō"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic ō-stem nouns"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*skinu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *skinu\nOld English: sċinu\nMiddle English: schyne, schen, schin, schine, schyn, schynne, scine, shine, shyn, shzine\nEnglish: shin\nScots: shin, schin\nOld Frisian: *skine\nSaterland Frisian: Skiene\nWest Frisian: skine\nOld Saxon: skina\nMiddle Low German: schēne\nGerman Low German: Scheen, Schien\n→ Danish: skinne\n→ Norwegian: skinne, skina\n→ Swedish: skena\nOld Dutch: *skina\nMiddle Dutch: schene\nDutch: scheen\nAfrikaans: skeen\nOld High German: skina, scina, scena\nMiddle High German: schine, schin\nAlemannic German: Schine\nGerman: Schiene\n→ Hungarian: sín\n→ Macedonian: шина (šina)\n→ Polish: szyna\n→ Romanian: șină\n→ Russian: шина (šina)\n→ Serbo-Croatian:\nCyrillic script: шина\nLatin script: šina\nLuxembourgish: Schinn\nLombardic: *skinko\n→ Italian: stinco\n (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *skinu\nOld English: sċinu\nMiddle English: schyne, schen, schin, schine, schyn, schynne, scine, shine, shyn, shzine\nEnglish: shin\nScots: shin, schin\nOld Frisian: *skine\nSaterland Frisian: Skiene\nWest Frisian: skine\nOld Saxon: skina\nMiddle Low German: schēne\nGerman Low German: Scheen, Schien\n→ Danish: skinne\n→ Norwegian: skinne, skina\n→ Swedish: skena\nOld Dutch: *skina\nMiddle Dutch: schene\nDutch: scheen\nAfrikaans: skeen\nOld High German: skina, scina, scena\nMiddle High German: schine, schin\nAlemannic German: Schine\nGerman: Schiene\n→ Hungarian: sín\n→ Macedonian: шина (šina)\n→ Polish: szyna\n→ Romanian: șină\n→ Russian: шина (šina)\n→ Serbo-Croatian:\nCyrillic script: шина\nLatin script: šina\nLuxembourgish: Schinn\nLombardic: *skinko\n→ Italian: stinco\n (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰 (*skina)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐍃𐌺𐌹𐌽𐌰 (*skina)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "VL.",
            "2": "*skina",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Vulgar Latin: *skina",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Vulgar Latin: *skina (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Unsorted formations:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "eschine",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Old French: eschine, enchine, echine, chine\nMiddle French: eschine\nFrench: échine\n→ Middle English: chyne\nEnglish: chine",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Old French: eschine, enchine, echine, chine\nMiddle French: eschine\nFrench: échine\n→ Middle English: chyne\nEnglish: chine"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to cut, split"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, split”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skinōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/skinō",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "plate; rim"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "plate",
          "plate"
        ],
        [
          "rim",
          "rim"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "piece"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "piece",
          "piece"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "shinbone"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "shinbone",
          "shinbone"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) shinbone"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈski.nɔː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "skinō"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.