"limuz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See limuz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈli.muz/
Etymology: Probably from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to bend, skew”, but which root in particular is uncertain: possibilities include *h₂el- (extended as *h₂l-ey-), *Heh₃l- (extended as *(H)h₃l-ey-), and *leyH-. Perhaps cognate with Latin līmus (“askew”), but with a slightly different derivation, and/or Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”). Also compare *liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|-}} Proto-Indo-European, {{unc|gem-pro|nocap=1}} uncertain, {{m|ine-pro|*h₂el-}} *h₂el-, {{m|ine-pro||*h₂l-ey-}} *h₂l-ey-, {{m|ine-pro|*Heh₃l-}} *Heh₃l-, {{m|ine-pro||*(H)h₃l-ey-}} *(H)h₃l-ey-, {{m|ine-pro|*leyH-|}} *leyH-, {{cog|la|līmus||askew}} Latin līmus (“askew”), {{cog|lt|liemuo||log, torso}} Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”), {{m|gem-pro|*liþuz||joint, bend, limb}} *liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], limuz [nominative, singular], limiwiz [nominative, plural], limu [singular, vocative], limiwiz [plural, vocative], limų [accusative, singular], limunz [accusative, plural], limauz [genitive, singular], limiwǫ̂ [genitive, plural], limiwi [dative, singular], limumaz [dative, plural], limū [instrumental, singular], limumiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) limb; member Tags: masculine, reconstruction Synonyms: *liþuz
    Sense id: en-limuz-gem-pro-noun-QRkzvcwB Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 83 17 Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences
  2. (of a tree) branch; twig Tags: masculine, of a tree, reconstruction Synonyms: *astaz, *telguz, *tōgô, *twīgą
    Sense id: en-limuz-gem-pro-noun-WLML8ppo
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: līmuz Related terms: līmô, liþuz

Download JSON data for limuz meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*limu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *limu\nOld English: lim, lym n\nMiddle English: lyme, lim\nScots: lim, lym\nEnglish: limb\nOld Saxon: *limu, *lim\nMiddle Low German: lem n (“limb”) (possibly borrowed from Scandinavian)\nOld Dutch: *limu\nMiddle Dutch: lēme (“fishbone, stubble of flax”)\nDutch: leem (“pine needle”)\n⇒ Old Dutch: druhtlimig",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *limu\nOld English: lim, lym n\nMiddle English: lyme, lim\nScots: lim, lym\nEnglish: limb\nOld Saxon: *limu, *lim\nMiddle Low German: lem n (“limb”) (possibly borrowed from Scandinavian)\nOld Dutch: *limu\nMiddle Dutch: lēme (“fishbone, stubble of flax”)\nDutch: leem (“pine needle”)\n⇒ Old Dutch: druhtlimig"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "limr",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: limr m",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lim",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "lim f",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lim",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "lim n",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: limr m; lim f; lim n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "limur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: limur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: limur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "limur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: limur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: limur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "limber"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: limber",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: limber"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: lem"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₂el-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂el-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*h₂l-ey-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂l-ey-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*Heh₃l-"
      },
      "expansion": "*Heh₃l-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*(H)h₃l-ey-"
      },
      "expansion": "*(H)h₃l-ey-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*leyH-",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "*leyH-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "līmus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "askew"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin līmus (“askew”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "liemuo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "log, torso"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*liþuz",
        "3": "",
        "4": "joint, bend, limb"
      },
      "expansion": "*liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Probably from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to bend, skew”, but which root in particular is uncertain: possibilities include *h₂el- (extended as *h₂l-ey-), *Heh₃l- (extended as *(H)h₃l-ey-), and *leyH-. Perhaps cognate with Latin līmus (“askew”), but with a slightly different derivation, and/or Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”). Also compare *liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limuz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/limuz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "līmô"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liþuz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "83 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "limb; member"
      ],
      "id": "en-limuz-gem-pro-noun-QRkzvcwB",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "limb",
          "limb"
        ],
        [
          "member",
          "member"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) limb; member"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*liþuz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "branch; twig"
      ],
      "id": "en-limuz-gem-pro-noun-WLML8ppo",
      "links": [
        [
          "branch",
          "branch"
        ],
        [
          "twig",
          "twig"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(of a tree) branch; twig"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*astaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*telguz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*tōgô"
        },
        {
          "word": "*twīgą"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "of a tree",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.muz/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "līmuz"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "limuz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with unknown etymologies",
    "Proto-Germanic u-stem nouns"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*limu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *limu\nOld English: lim, lym n\nMiddle English: lyme, lim\nScots: lim, lym\nEnglish: limb\nOld Saxon: *limu, *lim\nMiddle Low German: lem n (“limb”) (possibly borrowed from Scandinavian)\nOld Dutch: *limu\nMiddle Dutch: lēme (“fishbone, stubble of flax”)\nDutch: leem (“pine needle”)\n⇒ Old Dutch: druhtlimig",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *limu\nOld English: lim, lym n\nMiddle English: lyme, lim\nScots: lim, lym\nEnglish: limb\nOld Saxon: *limu, *lim\nMiddle Low German: lem n (“limb”) (possibly borrowed from Scandinavian)\nOld Dutch: *limu\nMiddle Dutch: lēme (“fishbone, stubble of flax”)\nDutch: leem (“pine needle”)\n⇒ Old Dutch: druhtlimig"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "limr",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: limr m",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lim",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "lim f",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lim",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "lim n",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: limr m; lim f; lim n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "limur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: limur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: limur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "limur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: limur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: limur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "limber"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: limber",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: limber"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: lem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "lem"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: lem",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: lem"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₂el-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂el-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*h₂l-ey-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂l-ey-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*Heh₃l-"
      },
      "expansion": "*Heh₃l-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*(H)h₃l-ey-"
      },
      "expansion": "*(H)h₃l-ey-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*leyH-",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "*leyH-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "līmus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "askew"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin līmus (“askew”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "liemuo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "log, torso"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*liþuz",
        "3": "",
        "4": "joint, bend, limb"
      },
      "expansion": "*liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Probably from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to bend, skew”, but which root in particular is uncertain: possibilities include *h₂el- (extended as *h₂l-ey-), *Heh₃l- (extended as *(H)h₃l-ey-), and *leyH-. Perhaps cognate with Latin līmus (“askew”), but with a slightly different derivation, and/or Lithuanian liemuo (“log, torso”). Also compare *liþuz (“joint, bend, limb”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limuz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limiwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "limumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/limuz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "līmô"
    },
    {
      "word": "liþuz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Anatomy",
        "gem-pro:Body parts"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "limb; member"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "limb",
          "limb"
        ],
        [
          "member",
          "member"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) limb; member"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*liþuz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Plants"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "branch; twig"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "branch",
          "branch"
        ],
        [
          "twig",
          "twig"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(of a tree) branch; twig"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*astaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*telguz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*tōgô"
        },
        {
          "word": "*twīgą"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "of a tree",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.muz/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "līmuz"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "limuz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.