"lōfô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See lōfô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈlɔː.ɸɔːː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *lāp-, *lēp-, *lep- (“to be flat”). Cognate with Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”), Proto-Slavic *lapa, dialectal Armenian լափ (lapʿ), լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*lāp-}} Proto-Indo-European *lāp-, {{m|ine-pro|*lēp-}} *lēp-, {{m|ine-pro|*lep-||to be flat}} *lep- (“to be flat”), {{cog|lt|lopa||paw, claw}} Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”), {{cog|sla-pro|*lapa}} Proto-Slavic *lapa, {{cog|hy|-}} Armenian, {{m|hy|լափ}} լափ (lapʿ), {{m|hy|լուփ||palm, flat of the hand}} լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=m}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], lōfô [nominative, singular], lōfaniz [nominative, plural], lōfô [singular, vocative], lōfaniz [plural, vocative], lōfanų [accusative, singular], lōfanunz [accusative, plural], lōfiniz [genitive, singular], lōfanǫ̂ [genitive, plural], lōfini [dative, singular], lōfammaz [dative, plural], lōfinē [instrumental, singular], lōfammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) the palm or hollow of the hand Tags: masculine, reconstruction Synonyms: fulmō Derived forms: galōfô Related terms: lafō
    Sense id: en-lōfô-gem-pro-noun-uQiAmWI4 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for lōfô meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*lōfō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *lōfō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*lōf"
          },
          "expansion": "*lōf",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *lōfō; *lōf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "lōf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: lōf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: lōf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lófi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: lófi\nIcelandic: lófi\nFaroese: lógvi\nNorn: løf, löf\nNorwegian Nynorsk: love\nOld Swedish: lōve\nSwedish: love\nDanish: love\nGutnish: loe, lo\n→ Middle English: love, lof, loove, louf, luf, lufe, luff, luffe\nEnglish: loof\nScots: luif, lufe, luff",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: lófi\nIcelandic: lófi\nFaroese: lógvi\nNorn: løf, löf\nNorwegian Nynorsk: love\nOld Swedish: lōve\nSwedish: love\nDanish: love\nGutnish: loe, lo\n→ Middle English: love, lof, loove, louf, luf, lufe, luff, luffe\nEnglish: loof\nScots: luif, lufe, luff"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰 (lōfa)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰 (lōfa)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gl",
            "2": "luva",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Galician: luva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Galician: luva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "luva",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Portuguese: luva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Portuguese: luva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "lúa",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Spanish: lúa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Spanish: lúa"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*lāp-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *lāp-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*lēp-"
      },
      "expansion": "*lēp-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*lep-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to be flat"
      },
      "expansion": "*lep- (“to be flat”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "lopa",
        "3": "",
        "4": "paw, claw"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*lapa"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *lapa",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Armenian",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "լափ"
      },
      "expansion": "լափ (lapʿ)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "լուփ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "palm, flat of the hand"
      },
      "expansion": "լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *lāp-, *lēp-, *lep- (“to be flat”). Cognate with Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”), Proto-Slavic *lapa, dialectal Armenian լափ (lapʿ), լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/lōfô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "galōfô"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the palm or hollow of the hand"
      ],
      "id": "en-lōfô-gem-pro-noun-uQiAmWI4",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "palm",
          "palm"
        ],
        [
          "hand",
          "hand"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) the palm or hollow of the hand"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "lafō"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "fulmō"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɔː.ɸɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lōfô"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "galōfô"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*lōfō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *lōfō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*lōf"
          },
          "expansion": "*lōf",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *lōfō; *lōf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "lōf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: lōf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: lōf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lófi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: lófi\nIcelandic: lófi\nFaroese: lógvi\nNorn: løf, löf\nNorwegian Nynorsk: love\nOld Swedish: lōve\nSwedish: love\nDanish: love\nGutnish: loe, lo\n→ Middle English: love, lof, loove, louf, luf, lufe, luff, luffe\nEnglish: loof\nScots: luif, lufe, luff",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: lófi\nIcelandic: lófi\nFaroese: lógvi\nNorn: løf, löf\nNorwegian Nynorsk: love\nOld Swedish: lōve\nSwedish: love\nDanish: love\nGutnish: loe, lo\n→ Middle English: love, lof, loove, louf, luf, lufe, luff, luffe\nEnglish: loof\nScots: luif, lufe, luff"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰 (lōfa)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌻𐍉𐍆𐌰 (lōfa)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gl",
            "2": "luva",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Galician: luva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Galician: luva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "luva",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Portuguese: luva",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Portuguese: luva"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "lúa",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Spanish: lúa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Spanish: lúa"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*lāp-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *lāp-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*lēp-"
      },
      "expansion": "*lēp-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*lep-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to be flat"
      },
      "expansion": "*lep- (“to be flat”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "lopa",
        "3": "",
        "4": "paw, claw"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*lapa"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *lapa",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Armenian",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "լափ"
      },
      "expansion": "լափ (lapʿ)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hy",
        "2": "լուփ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "palm, flat of the hand"
      },
      "expansion": "լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *lāp-, *lēp-, *lep- (“to be flat”). Cognate with Lithuanian lopa (“paw, claw”), Proto-Slavic *lapa, dialectal Armenian լափ (lapʿ), լուփ (lupʿ, “palm, flat of the hand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lōfammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/lōfô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "lafō"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the palm or hollow of the hand"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "palm",
          "palm"
        ],
        [
          "hand",
          "hand"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) the palm or hollow of the hand"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɔː.ɸɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "fulmō"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lōfô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.