"kelaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See kelaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈke.lɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gel-}} Proto-Indo-European *gel- Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|stem=z}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], kelaz [nominative, singular], kilizō [nominative, plural], kelaz [singular, vocative], kilizō [plural, vocative], kelaz [accusative, singular], kilizō [accusative, plural], kiliziz [genitive, singular], kilizǫ̂ [genitive, plural], kilizi [dative, singular], kilizumaz [dative, plural], kilizē [instrumental, singular], kilizumiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. throat Tags: neuter, reconstruction Related terms: kelǭ
    Sense id: en-kelaz-gem-pro-noun-SM8T9IGu Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for kelaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ċeolor",
            "3": "ċeoler"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ċeolor, ċeoler",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "through metathesis ?"
          },
          "expansion": "(through metathesis ?)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ċeolor, ċeoler; ċeosol, ċesol (“maw, gullet”) (through metathesis ?)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "*cholere"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: *cholere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: *cholere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "chollare",
            "3": "choler",
            "4": "choller",
            "5": "chuller",
            "6": "chiller"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: chollare, choler, choller, chuller, chiller",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: chollare, choler, choller, chuller, chiller"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "kelur",
            "3": "kelor"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: kelur, kelor",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: kelur, kelor; kelura; keluro, keloro"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "z-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kiliziz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "stem": "z"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kelaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "throat"
      ],
      "id": "en-kelaz-gem-pro-noun-SM8T9IGu",
      "links": [
        [
          "throat",
          "throat"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "kelǭ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈke.lɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kelaz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ċeolor",
            "3": "ċeoler"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ċeolor, ċeoler",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "through metathesis ?"
          },
          "expansion": "(through metathesis ?)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ċeolor, ċeoler; ċeosol, ċesol (“maw, gullet”) (through metathesis ?)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "*cholere"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: *cholere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: *cholere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "chollare",
            "3": "choler",
            "4": "choller",
            "5": "chuller",
            "6": "chiller"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: chollare, choler, choller, chuller, chiller",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: chollare, choler, choller, chuller, chiller"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "kelur",
            "3": "kelor"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: kelur, kelor",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: kelur, kelor; kelura; keluro, keloro"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gel-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gel-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *gel-, *gʷel- (“to swallow; throat”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "z-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kelaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kiliziz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kilizumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "stem": "z"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kelaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "kelǭ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic neuter nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic z-stem nouns",
        "gem-pro:Body parts"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "throat"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "throat",
          "throat"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈke.lɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kelaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-24 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (46b31b8 and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.