"kīþą" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See kīþą in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈkiː.θɑ̃/
Etymology: From *kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”), from Proto-Indo-European *gī-, *gey- (“to split open, sprout”). Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro|*kī-||to split open, germinate, sprout}} *kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”), {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*gī-}} Proto-Indo-European *gī-, {{m|ine-pro|*gey-||to split open, sprout}} *gey- (“to split open, sprout”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], kīþą [nominative, singular], kīþō [nominative, plural], kīþą [singular, vocative], kīþō [plural, vocative], kīþą [accusative, singular], kīþō [accusative, plural], kīþas [genitive, singular], kīþis [genitive, singular], kīþǫ̂ [genitive, plural], kīþai [dative, singular], kīþamaz [dative, plural], kīþō [instrumental, singular], kīþamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (botany) seed, germ; seedling, shoot, sprout Tags: neuter, reconstruction Related terms: kīmô, kīnaną
    Sense id: en-kīþą-gem-pro-noun-538d4kyF Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: biology, botany, natural-sciences

Download JSON data for kīþą meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kīþ",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþī"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīþī",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþō"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīþō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kīþ; *kīþī; *kīþō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ċīþ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ċīþ, ċȳþ\nMiddle English: *chith, *chitte, *chit\nScots: chit\nEnglish: chit",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ċīþ, ċȳþ\nMiddle English: *chith, *chitte, *chit\nScots: chit\nEnglish: chit"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*kīth"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *kīth",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "kītho"
          },
          "expansion": "kītho",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "kīthun"
          },
          "expansion": "kīthun",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *kīth (attested in genitive plural kītho and dative plural kīthun)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*kīthi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *kīthi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *kīthi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "*kijde",
            "3": "kiede"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: *kijde, kiede",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: *kijde, kiede"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "cion",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Old French: cion, ciun, sion\nMiddle French: sion\nFrench: scion\nPicard: chion\n→ Middle English: sioun, cioun, ciun, cyun, scion, scioun, sion, siun, syon, syoun\nEnglish: scion",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Old French: cion, ciun, sion\nMiddle French: sion\nFrench: scion\nPicard: chion\n→ Middle English: sioun, cioun, ciun, cyun, scion, scioun, sion, siun, syon, syoun\nEnglish: scion"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*chīdi",
            "3": "*kīdi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *chīdi, *kīdi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*kīd"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīd",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *chīdi, *kīdi; *kīd"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "kīde",
            "3": "kīt"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: kīde, kīt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: kīde, kīt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Keid"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Keid",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Keid (dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "chiide",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Alemannic German: chiide",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Alemannic German: chiide"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*kī-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to split open, germinate, sprout"
      },
      "expansion": "*kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gī-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gī-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*gey-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to split open, sprout"
      },
      "expansion": "*gey- (“to split open, sprout”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”), from Proto-Indo-European *gī-, *gey- (“to split open, sprout”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kīþą",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "seed, germ; seedling, shoot, sprout"
      ],
      "id": "en-kīþą-gem-pro-noun-538d4kyF",
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "seed",
          "seed"
        ],
        [
          "germ",
          "germ"
        ],
        [
          "seedling",
          "seedling"
        ],
        [
          "shoot",
          "shoot"
        ],
        [
          "sprout",
          "sprout"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) seed, germ; seedling, shoot, sprout"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "kīmô"
        },
        {
          "word": "kīnaną"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkiː.θɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kīþą"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *kīþ",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþī"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīþī",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*kīþō"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīþō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *kīþ; *kīþī; *kīþō"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ċīþ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ċīþ, ċȳþ\nMiddle English: *chith, *chitte, *chit\nScots: chit\nEnglish: chit",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ċīþ, ċȳþ\nMiddle English: *chith, *chitte, *chit\nScots: chit\nEnglish: chit"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*kīth"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *kīth",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "kītho"
          },
          "expansion": "kītho",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "kīthun"
          },
          "expansion": "kīthun",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *kīth (attested in genitive plural kītho and dative plural kīthun)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*kīthi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *kīthi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *kīthi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "*kijde",
            "3": "kiede"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: *kijde, kiede",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: *kijde, kiede"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fro",
            "2": "cion",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Old French: cion, ciun, sion\nMiddle French: sion\nFrench: scion\nPicard: chion\n→ Middle English: sioun, cioun, ciun, cyun, scion, scioun, sion, siun, syon, syoun\nEnglish: scion",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Old French: cion, ciun, sion\nMiddle French: sion\nFrench: scion\nPicard: chion\n→ Middle English: sioun, cioun, ciun, cyun, scion, scioun, sion, siun, syon, syoun\nEnglish: scion"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*chīdi",
            "3": "*kīdi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: *chīdi, *kīdi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "*kīd"
          },
          "expansion": "*kīd",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: *chīdi, *kīdi; *kīd"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "kīde",
            "3": "kīt"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: kīde, kīt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: kīde, kīt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Keid"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Keid",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Keid (dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "chiide",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Alemannic German: chiide",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Alemannic German: chiide"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*kī-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to split open, germinate, sprout"
      },
      "expansion": "*kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gī-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gī-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*gey-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to split open, sprout"
      },
      "expansion": "*gey- (“to split open, sprout”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *kī- (“to split open, germinate, sprout”), from Proto-Indo-European *gī-, *gey- (“to split open, sprout”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kīþamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kīþą",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "kīmô"
    },
    {
      "word": "kīnaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic neuter nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Botany"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "seed, germ; seedling, shoot, sprout"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "seed",
          "seed"
        ],
        [
          "germ",
          "germ"
        ],
        [
          "seedling",
          "seedling"
        ],
        [
          "shoot",
          "shoot"
        ],
        [
          "sprout",
          "sprout"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) seed, germ; seedling, shoot, sprout"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkiː.θɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "kīþą"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.