"iz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See iz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

IPA: /iz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *ís, *éy. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*ís}} Proto-Indo-European *ís, {{m|ine-pro|*éy}} *éy Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-irreg|iz|inǭ|es|immai|inō|īz|inz|ezǫ̂|imaz|imiz|sī|ijǭ|ezōz|ezōi|ezō|ijôz|ijōz|ezǫ̂|imaz|imiz|it|it|es|immai|inō|ijō|ijō|ezǫ̂|imaz|imiz}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table|􂃑iz|􂃑inǭ|􂃑es|􂃑immai|􂃑inō|􂃑īz|􂃑inz|􂃑ezǫ̂|􂃑imaz|􂃑imiz|􂃑sī|􂃑ijǭ|􂃑ezōz|􂃑ezōi|􂃑ezō|􂃑ijôz|􂃑ijōz|􂃑ezǫ̂|􂃑imaz|􂃑imiz|􂃑it|􂃑it|􂃑es|􂃑immai|􂃑inō|􂃑ijō|􂃑ijō|􂃑ezǫ̂|􂃑imaz|􂃑imiz|title=*iz (irregular)|type=}} Forms: irregular [table-tags], iz [masculine, nominative, singular], īz [masculine, nominative, plural], sī [feminine, nominative, singular], ijôz [feminine, nominative, plural], it [neuter, nominative, singular], ijō [neuter, nominative, plural], inǭ [accusative, masculine, singular], inz [accusative, masculine, plural], ijǭ [accusative, feminine, singular], ijōz [accusative, feminine, plural], it [accusative, neuter, singular], ijō [accusative, neuter, plural], es [genitive, masculine, singular], ezǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural], ezōz [feminine, genitive, singular], ezǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural], es [genitive, neuter, singular], ezǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural], immai [dative, masculine, singular], imaz [dative, masculine, plural], ezōi [dative, feminine, singular], imaz [dative, feminine, plural], immai [dative, neuter, singular], imaz [dative, neuter, plural], inō [instrumental, masculine, singular], imiz [instrumental, masculine, plural], ezō [feminine, instrumental, singular], imiz [feminine, instrumental, plural], inō [instrumental, neuter, singular], imiz [instrumental, neuter, plural]
  1. he, she, it, they; 3rd person personal pronoun Tags: reconstruction Related terms: hiz, hwaz

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for iz meaning in Proto-Germanic (23.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*iʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *iʀ\nOld English: ī- (“self; same”, prefix)\nOld Frisian: -er, -ere\nSaterland Frisian: er\nWest Frisian: er\nOld High German: ēr\nMiddle High German: ër\nAlemannic German: er, är, aer, er, ër\nSwabian: er, ear\nBavarian: er\nCimbrian: èar, ar; er\nMòcheno: er\nCentral Franconian: er\nHunsrik: er, ëyer\nEast Central German: er, ar, ea\nGerman: er\nEast Franconian: er, ea, ar\nRhine Franconian: er, ér, éa\nPennsylvania German: er\nYiddish: ער (er)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *iʀ\nOld English: ī- (“self; same”, prefix)\nOld Frisian: -er, -ere\nSaterland Frisian: er\nWest Frisian: er\nOld High German: ēr\nMiddle High German: ër\nAlemannic German: er, är, aer, er, ër\nSwabian: er, ear\nBavarian: er\nCimbrian: èar, ar; er\nMòcheno: er\nCentral Franconian: er\nHunsrik: er, ëyer\nEast Central German: er, ar, ea\nGerman: er\nEast Franconian: er, ea, ar\nRhine Franconian: er, ér, éa\nPennsylvania German: er\nYiddish: ער (er)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "es",
            "3": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: es, er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: es, er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ær"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ær",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ær"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "ies"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: ies",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: ies"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "From inflected forms"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*sī",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*sī (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*sih₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*sih₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*sī (singular feminine) (< *sih₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sī"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sī",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*si(j)u"
          },
          "expansion": "*si(j)u",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sī, *si(j)u"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹 (si)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹 (si)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*it",
            "pos": "singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*it (singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íd"
          },
          "expansion": "*íd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*it (singular neuter) (< *íd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*īz",
            "pos": "plural masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*īz (plural masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*éyes"
          },
          "expansion": "*éyes",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*īz (plural masculine) (< *éyes)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌴𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijôz",
            "pos": "plural feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijôz (plural feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂es"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂es",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijôz (plural feminine) (< *íh₂es)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijō",
            "pos": "plural neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijō (plural neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijō (plural neuter) (< *íh₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*inǭ",
            "pos": "singular masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*inǭ (singular masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ím"
          },
          "expansion": "*ím",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*inǭ (singular masculine) (< *ím)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ina"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ina\nMiddle Low German: ine, ene, one\nGerman Low German: ne, en",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ina\nMiddle Low German: ine, ene, one\nGerman Low German: ne, en"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ina"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ina",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ina"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "inan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: inan\nMiddle High German: in, inen\nAlemannic German: in\nCimbrian: in, inn\nGerman: ihn\nHunsrik: ihn",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: inan\nMiddle High German: in, inen\nAlemannic German: in\nCimbrian: in, inn\nGerman: ihn\nHunsrik: ihn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐌰 (ina)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐌰 (ina)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijǭ",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijǭ (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijǭ (singular feminine) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*it",
            "pos": "singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*it (singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íd"
          },
          "expansion": "*íd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*it (singular neuter) (< *íd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*inz",
            "pos": "plural masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*inz (plural masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íns"
          },
          "expansion": "*íns",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*inz (plural masculine) (< *íns)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ins)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ins)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijōz",
            "pos": "plural feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijōz (plural feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijōz (plural feminine) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijō",
            "pos": "plural neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijō (plural neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijō (plural neuter) (< *íh₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*es",
            "pos": "singular masculine, singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*es (singular masculine, singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyo"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyo",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*es (singular masculine, singular neuter) (< *ésyo)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: is",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: is"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: is",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "es",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: is, es"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: es",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "is",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: es, is"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: es",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: es"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezōz",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezōz (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyeh₂s"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyeh₂s",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezōz (singular feminine) (< *ésyeh₂s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ira"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ira, iru, iro, ire\nMiddle Low German: ēr\nDutch Low Saxon: eur\nGerman Low German: üor, ehr, eer",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ira, iru, iro, ire\nMiddle Low German: ēr\nDutch Low Saxon: eur\nGerman Low German: üor, ehr, eer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ira"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ira",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ira"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "ir",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ire, ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihrer"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihrer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihrer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃 (izōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃 (izōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezǫ̂",
            "pos": "plural, all genders"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezǫ̂ (plural, all genders)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*éysom"
          },
          "expansion": "*éysom",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezǫ̂ (plural, all genders) (< *éysom)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "erer"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: erer",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "er",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "orer"
          },
          "expansion": "orer",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "or"
          },
          "expansion": "or",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "irer"
          },
          "expansion": "irer",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: erer, er, orer, or, irer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "ehr"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: ehr",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "öhren"
          },
          "expansion": "öhren",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: ehr, öhren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "ir",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ire, ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihrer"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihrer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihrer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐌴"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌴 (izē)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐍉"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌹𐌶𐍉 (izō)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌴 (izē), 𐌹𐌶𐍉 (izō)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*immai",
            "pos": "singular masculine, singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*immai (singular masculine, singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésmey"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésmey",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*immai (singular masculine, singular neuter) (< *ésmey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "imu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: imu\nMiddle Low German: ime, eme, ome, gim, jum, um\nDutch Low Saxon: em, um\nGerman Low German: em, äm\nPlautdietsch: am",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: imu\nMiddle Low German: ime, eme, ome, gim, jum, um\nDutch Low Saxon: em, um\nGerman Low German: em, äm\nPlautdietsch: am"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "imo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: imo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: imo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "imu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: imu",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "imo"
          },
          "expansion": "imo",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: imu, imo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ime"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ime",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "im",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ime, im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: im",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "iime"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: iime",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: iime"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihm"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihm",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihm"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "ihm"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: ihm",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: ihm"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אים"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אים (im)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אים (im)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (imma)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (imma)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezōi",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezōi (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyeh₂ey"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyeh₂ey",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezōi (singular feminine) (< *ésyeh₂ey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "iru"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: iru",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: iru"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ere"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: ere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: ere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-nl",
            "2": "eur"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch Low Saxon: eur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch Low Saxon: eur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "ehr"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: ehr",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "üör"
          },
          "expansion": "üör",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "iär"
          },
          "expansion": "iär",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "öhr"
          },
          "expansion": "öhr",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: ehr, üör, iär, öhr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iru"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: iru",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "iro",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: iru, iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ir",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: ire"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "iar"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: iar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: iar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihr"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "eer"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: eer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: eer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "איר"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: איר (ir)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: איר (ir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹 (izai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹 (izai)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*imaz",
            "pos": "plural, all genders"
          },
          "expansion": "*imaz (plural, all genders)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*imaz (plural, all genders) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: im, imo\nMiddle Low German: one, gim, jum\nGerman Low German: jüm, jem",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: im, imo\nMiddle Low German: one, gim, jum\nGerman Low German: jüm, jem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: im",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: im",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "in",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: im, in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ine"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: ine",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ene"
          },
          "expansion": "ene",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: ine, ene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihnen"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihnen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihnen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "innàndarn",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Cimbrian: innàndarn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Cimbrian: innàndarn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌼"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼 (im)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼 (im)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ís"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ís",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*éy",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *ís, *éy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-irreg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "iz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "īz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "it",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "it",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "immai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "immai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "iz",
        "10": "imiz",
        "11": "sī",
        "12": "ijǭ",
        "13": "ezōz",
        "14": "ezōi",
        "15": "ezō",
        "16": "ijôz",
        "17": "ijōz",
        "18": "ezǫ̂",
        "19": "imaz",
        "2": "inǭ",
        "20": "imiz",
        "21": "it",
        "22": "it",
        "23": "es",
        "24": "immai",
        "25": "inō",
        "26": "ijō",
        "27": "ijō",
        "28": "ezǫ̂",
        "29": "imaz",
        "3": "es",
        "30": "imiz",
        "4": "immai",
        "5": "inō",
        "6": "īz",
        "7": "inz",
        "8": "ezǫ̂",
        "9": "imaz"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-irreg"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "􂃑iz",
        "10": "􂃑imiz",
        "11": "􂃑sī",
        "12": "􂃑ijǭ",
        "13": "􂃑ezōz",
        "14": "􂃑ezōi",
        "15": "􂃑ezō",
        "16": "􂃑ijôz",
        "17": "􂃑ijōz",
        "18": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "19": "􂃑imaz",
        "2": "􂃑inǭ",
        "20": "􂃑imiz",
        "21": "􂃑it",
        "22": "􂃑it",
        "23": "􂃑es",
        "24": "􂃑immai",
        "25": "􂃑inō",
        "26": "􂃑ijō",
        "27": "􂃑ijō",
        "28": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "29": "􂃑imaz",
        "3": "􂃑es",
        "30": "􂃑imiz",
        "4": "􂃑immai",
        "5": "􂃑inō",
        "6": "􂃑īz",
        "7": "􂃑inz",
        "8": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "9": "􂃑imaz",
        "title": "*iz (irregular)",
        "type": ""
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/iz",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "he, she, it, they; 3rd person personal pronoun"
      ],
      "id": "en-iz-gem-pro-pron-nYRi7zbu",
      "links": [
        [
          "he",
          "he"
        ],
        [
          "she",
          "she"
        ],
        [
          "it",
          "it"
        ],
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "hiz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hwaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/iz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "iz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*iʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *iʀ\nOld English: ī- (“self; same”, prefix)\nOld Frisian: -er, -ere\nSaterland Frisian: er\nWest Frisian: er\nOld High German: ēr\nMiddle High German: ër\nAlemannic German: er, är, aer, er, ër\nSwabian: er, ear\nBavarian: er\nCimbrian: èar, ar; er\nMòcheno: er\nCentral Franconian: er\nHunsrik: er, ëyer\nEast Central German: er, ar, ea\nGerman: er\nEast Franconian: er, ea, ar\nRhine Franconian: er, ér, éa\nPennsylvania German: er\nYiddish: ער (er)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *iʀ\nOld English: ī- (“self; same”, prefix)\nOld Frisian: -er, -ere\nSaterland Frisian: er\nWest Frisian: er\nOld High German: ēr\nMiddle High German: ër\nAlemannic German: er, är, aer, er, ër\nSwabian: er, ear\nBavarian: er\nCimbrian: èar, ar; er\nMòcheno: er\nCentral Franconian: er\nHunsrik: er, ëyer\nEast Central German: er, ar, ea\nGerman: er\nEast Franconian: er, ea, ar\nRhine Franconian: er, ér, éa\nPennsylvania German: er\nYiddish: ער (er)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "es",
            "3": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: es, er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: es, er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ær"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ær",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ær"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "ies"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: ies",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: ies"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "From inflected forms"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*sī",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*sī (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*sih₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*sih₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*sī (singular feminine) (< *sih₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sī"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sī",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*si(j)u"
          },
          "expansion": "*si(j)u",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sī, *si(j)u"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹 (si)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹 (si)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*it",
            "pos": "singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*it (singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íd"
          },
          "expansion": "*íd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*it (singular neuter) (< *íd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*īz",
            "pos": "plural masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*īz (plural masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*éyes"
          },
          "expansion": "*éyes",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*īz (plural masculine) (< *éyes)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌴𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijôz",
            "pos": "plural feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijôz (plural feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂es"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂es",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijôz (plural feminine) (< *íh₂es)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijō",
            "pos": "plural neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijō (plural neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijō (plural neuter) (< *íh₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*inǭ",
            "pos": "singular masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*inǭ (singular masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ím"
          },
          "expansion": "*ím",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*inǭ (singular masculine) (< *ím)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ina"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ina\nMiddle Low German: ine, ene, one\nGerman Low German: ne, en",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ina\nMiddle Low German: ine, ene, one\nGerman Low German: ne, en"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ina"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ina",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ina"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "inan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: inan\nMiddle High German: in, inen\nAlemannic German: in\nCimbrian: in, inn\nGerman: ihn\nHunsrik: ihn",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: inan\nMiddle High German: in, inen\nAlemannic German: in\nCimbrian: in, inn\nGerman: ihn\nHunsrik: ihn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐌰 (ina)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐌰 (ina)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijǭ",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijǭ (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijǭ (singular feminine) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*it",
            "pos": "singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*it (singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íd"
          },
          "expansion": "*íd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*it (singular neuter) (< *íd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*inz",
            "pos": "plural masculine"
          },
          "expansion": "*inz (plural masculine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íns"
          },
          "expansion": "*íns",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*inz (plural masculine) (< *íns)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ins)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ins)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijōz",
            "pos": "plural feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijōz (plural feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijōz (plural feminine) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐍉𐍃 (ijōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ijō",
            "pos": "plural neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*ijō (plural neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*íh₂"
          },
          "expansion": "*íh₂",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ijō (plural neuter) (< *íh₂)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌾𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌾𐌰 (ija)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*es",
            "pos": "singular masculine, singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*es (singular masculine, singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyo"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyo",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*es (singular masculine, singular neuter) (< *ésyo)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: is",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: is"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: is",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "es",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: is, es"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: es",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "is"
          },
          "expansion": "is",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: es, is"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "es"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: es",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: es"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐍃 (is)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezōz",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezōz (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyeh₂s"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyeh₂s",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezōz (singular feminine) (< *ésyeh₂s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ira"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ira, iru, iro, ire\nMiddle Low German: ēr\nDutch Low Saxon: eur\nGerman Low German: üor, ehr, eer",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ira, iru, iro, ire\nMiddle Low German: ēr\nDutch Low Saxon: eur\nGerman Low German: üor, ehr, eer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ira"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ira",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ira"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "ir",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ire, ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihrer"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihrer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihrer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃 (izōs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐍉𐍃 (izōs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezǫ̂",
            "pos": "plural, all genders"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezǫ̂ (plural, all genders)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*éysom"
          },
          "expansion": "*éysom",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezǫ̂ (plural, all genders) (< *éysom)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "erer"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: erer",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "er",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "orer"
          },
          "expansion": "orer",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "or"
          },
          "expansion": "or",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "irer"
          },
          "expansion": "irer",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: erer, er, orer, or, irer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "ehr"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: ehr",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "öhren"
          },
          "expansion": "öhren",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: ehr, öhren"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "er"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: er",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: er"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: iro",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "ir",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ire, ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihrer"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihrer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihrer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐌴"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌴 (izē)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐍉"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌹𐌶𐍉 (izō)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌴 (izē), 𐌹𐌶𐍉 (izō)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*immai",
            "pos": "singular masculine, singular neuter"
          },
          "expansion": "*immai (singular masculine, singular neuter)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésmey"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésmey",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*immai (singular masculine, singular neuter) (< *ésmey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "imu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: imu\nMiddle Low German: ime, eme, ome, gim, jum, um\nDutch Low Saxon: em, um\nGerman Low German: em, äm\nPlautdietsch: am",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: imu\nMiddle Low German: ime, eme, ome, gim, jum, um\nDutch Low Saxon: em, um\nGerman Low German: em, äm\nPlautdietsch: am"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "imo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: imo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: imo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "imu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: imu",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "imo"
          },
          "expansion": "imo",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: imu, imo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ime"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ime",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "im",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ime, im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: im",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "iime"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: iime",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: iime"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihm"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihm",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihm"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "ihm"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: ihm",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: ihm"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אים"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אים (im)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אים (im)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (imma)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (imma)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ezōi",
            "pos": "singular feminine"
          },
          "expansion": "*ezōi (singular feminine)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*ésyeh₂ey"
          },
          "expansion": "*ésyeh₂ey",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*ezōi (singular feminine) (< *ésyeh₂ey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "iru"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: iru",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: iru"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ere"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: ere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: ere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-nl",
            "2": "eur"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch Low Saxon: eur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch Low Saxon: eur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "ehr"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: ehr",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "üör"
          },
          "expansion": "üör",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "iär"
          },
          "expansion": "iär",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "öhr"
          },
          "expansion": "öhr",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: ehr, üör, iär, öhr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iru"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: iru",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "iro"
          },
          "expansion": "iro",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: iru, iro"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ir"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ir",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ir"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ire"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: ire",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: ire"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "iar"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: iar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: iar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihr"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "eer"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: eer",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: eer"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "איר"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: איר (ir)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: איר (ir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹 (izai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌶𐌰𐌹 (izai)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 0,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*imaz",
            "pos": "plural, all genders"
          },
          "expansion": "*imaz (plural, all genders)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro"
          },
          "expansion": "[Term?]",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "*imaz (plural, all genders) (< [Term?])"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: im, imo\nMiddle Low German: one, gim, jum\nGerman Low German: jüm, jem",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: im, imo\nMiddle Low German: one, gim, jum\nGerman Low German: jüm, jem"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: im",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: im"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "im"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: im",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "in",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: im, in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ine"
          },
          "expansion": "Alemannic German: ine",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gsw",
            "2": "ene"
          },
          "expansion": "ene",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Alemannic German: ine, ene"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ihnen"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ihnen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ihnen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "innàndarn",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Cimbrian: innàndarn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Cimbrian: innàndarn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌼"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼 (im)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌼 (im)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ís"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ís",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy"
      },
      "expansion": "*éy",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *ís, *éy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-irreg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "iz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "īz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "it",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "it",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "immai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "immai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ezō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "iz",
        "10": "imiz",
        "11": "sī",
        "12": "ijǭ",
        "13": "ezōz",
        "14": "ezōi",
        "15": "ezō",
        "16": "ijôz",
        "17": "ijōz",
        "18": "ezǫ̂",
        "19": "imaz",
        "2": "inǭ",
        "20": "imiz",
        "21": "it",
        "22": "it",
        "23": "es",
        "24": "immai",
        "25": "inō",
        "26": "ijō",
        "27": "ijō",
        "28": "ezǫ̂",
        "29": "imaz",
        "3": "es",
        "30": "imiz",
        "4": "immai",
        "5": "inō",
        "6": "īz",
        "7": "inz",
        "8": "ezǫ̂",
        "9": "imaz"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-irreg"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "􂃑iz",
        "10": "􂃑imiz",
        "11": "􂃑sī",
        "12": "􂃑ijǭ",
        "13": "􂃑ezōz",
        "14": "􂃑ezōi",
        "15": "􂃑ezō",
        "16": "􂃑ijôz",
        "17": "􂃑ijōz",
        "18": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "19": "􂃑imaz",
        "2": "􂃑inǭ",
        "20": "􂃑imiz",
        "21": "􂃑it",
        "22": "􂃑it",
        "23": "􂃑es",
        "24": "􂃑immai",
        "25": "􂃑inō",
        "26": "􂃑ijō",
        "27": "􂃑ijō",
        "28": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "29": "􂃑imaz",
        "3": "􂃑es",
        "30": "􂃑imiz",
        "4": "􂃑immai",
        "5": "􂃑inō",
        "6": "􂃑īz",
        "7": "􂃑inz",
        "8": "􂃑ezǫ̂",
        "9": "􂃑imaz",
        "title": "*iz (irregular)",
        "type": ""
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/iz",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "hiz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hwaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic irregular adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "he, she, it, they; 3rd person personal pronoun"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "he",
          "he"
        ],
        [
          "she",
          "she"
        ],
        [
          "it",
          "it"
        ],
        [
          "they",
          "they"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/iz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "iz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.