"ana-" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See ana- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Prefix

IPA: /ˈɑn.ɑ/
Etymology: From pre-Germanic *h₂enh̥́₂-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-). Etymology templates: {{cog|grc|ἀνα-}} Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-)
  1. Combining form of *an. Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: form-of, in-compounds, morpheme, reconstruction Form of: an
    Sense id: en-ana--gem-pro-prefix-wZqbtgdH

Download JSON data for ana- meaning in Proto-Germanic (1.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ana-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ana-\nOld English: an-, on-\nMiddle English: on-\nEnglish: on-, an-, a-\nOld Frisian: an-\nSaterland Frisian: an-\nWest Frisian: oan-\nOld Saxon: ana-\nOld Dutch: ana-\nMiddle Dutch:\nDutch: aan-\nOld High German: ana-\nMiddle High German:\nGerman: an-",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ana-\nOld English: an-, on-\nMiddle English: on-\nEnglish: on-, an-, a-\nOld Frisian: an-\nSaterland Frisian: an-\nWest Frisian: oan-\nOld Saxon: ana-\nOld Dutch: ana-\nMiddle Dutch:\nDutch: aan-\nOld High German: ana-\nMiddle High German:\nGerman: an-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "á-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: á-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: á-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "á-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: á-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: á-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌽𐌰-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌽𐌰- (ana-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌽𐌰- (ana-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀνα-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Germanic *h₂enh̥́₂-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ana-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "an"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Combining form of *an."
      ],
      "id": "en-ana--gem-pro-prefix-wZqbtgdH",
      "links": [
        [
          "*an",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/an#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "in-compounds",
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑn.ɑ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ana-"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ana-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ana-\nOld English: an-, on-\nMiddle English: on-\nEnglish: on-, an-, a-\nOld Frisian: an-\nSaterland Frisian: an-\nWest Frisian: oan-\nOld Saxon: ana-\nOld Dutch: ana-\nMiddle Dutch:\nDutch: aan-\nOld High German: ana-\nMiddle High German:\nGerman: an-",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ana-\nOld English: an-, on-\nMiddle English: on-\nEnglish: on-, an-, a-\nOld Frisian: an-\nSaterland Frisian: an-\nWest Frisian: oan-\nOld Saxon: ana-\nOld Dutch: ana-\nMiddle Dutch:\nDutch: aan-\nOld High German: ana-\nMiddle High German:\nGerman: an-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "á-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: á-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: á-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "á-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: á-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: á-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌽𐌰-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌽𐌰- (ana-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌽𐌰- (ana-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀνα-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Germanic *h₂enh̥́₂-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἀνα- (ana-).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ana-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic prefixes",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "an"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Combining form of *an."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "*an",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/an#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "in-compounds",
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑn.ɑ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ana-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.