"ak" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See ak in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ɑk/
Etymology: Uncertain. Possibly from Pre-Germanic *h₁o-ge, demonstrative *h₁e- + emphatic *ge. Etymology templates: {{unc|gem-pro}} Uncertain, {{m|ine-pro|*h₁o-ge}} *h₁o-ge, {{m|ine-pro|*h₁e-}} *h₁e-, {{m|ine-pro|*ge}} *ge
  1. but, however Tags: reconstruction Related terms: auk
    Sense id: ak-gem-pro-conj-hLMJpaam

Download JSON data for ak meaning in Proto-Germanic (1.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ak\nOld English: ac, ah, oc\nMiddle English: ac, ak, ah, ach, oc, occ, ok, auh, auch, auȝ\nEnglish: ac, ake\nScots: ac\nOld Frisian: *ak, *ok\nSaterland Frisian: uk\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ak\nOld Dutch: *ak, *ok, *oh\n>? Middle Dutch: och\nOld High German: oh\nMiddle High German: och, ouch\nGerman: auch (partially)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ak\nOld English: ac, ah, oc\nMiddle English: ac, ak, ah, ach, oc, occ, ok, auh, auch, auȝ\nEnglish: ac, ake\nScots: ac\nOld Frisian: *ak, *ok\nSaterland Frisian: uk\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ak\nOld Dutch: *ak, *ok, *oh\n>? Middle Dutch: och\nOld High German: oh\nMiddle High German: och, ouch\nGerman: auch (partially)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌺 (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌺 (ak)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁o-ge"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁o-ge",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Possibly from Pre-Germanic *h₁o-ge, demonstrative *h₁e- + emphatic *ge.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ak",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "but, however"
      ],
      "id": "ak-gem-pro-conj-hLMJpaam",
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ],
        [
          "however",
          "however"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "auk"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑk/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ak"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ak\nOld English: ac, ah, oc\nMiddle English: ac, ak, ah, ach, oc, occ, ok, auh, auch, auȝ\nEnglish: ac, ake\nScots: ac\nOld Frisian: *ak, *ok\nSaterland Frisian: uk\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ak\nOld Dutch: *ak, *ok, *oh\n>? Middle Dutch: och\nOld High German: oh\nMiddle High German: och, ouch\nGerman: auch (partially)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ak\nOld English: ac, ah, oc\nMiddle English: ac, ak, ah, ach, oc, occ, ok, auh, auch, auȝ\nEnglish: ac, ake\nScots: ac\nOld Frisian: *ak, *ok\nSaterland Frisian: uk\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ak\nOld Dutch: *ak, *ok, *oh\n>? Middle Dutch: och\nOld High German: oh\nMiddle High German: och, ouch\nGerman: auch (partially)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌺 (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌺 (ak)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁o-ge"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁o-ge",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Possibly from Pre-Germanic *h₁o-ge, demonstrative *h₁e- + emphatic *ge.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ak",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "auk"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "but, however"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ],
        [
          "however",
          "however"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑk/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ak"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.