"zgrubieć" meaning in Polish

See zgrubieć in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

Etymology: From z- + grubieć. Etymology templates: {{af|pl|z-|grubieć}} z- + grubieć Head templates: {{pl-verb|a=p|impf=grubieć}} zgrubieć pf (imperfective grubieć) Inflection templates: {{pl-conj-ap-eję|zgrubi}}, {{pl-conj-ap|zgrubieć|zgrubieję|zgrubieje|zgrubieją|zgrubia|zgrubia|zgrubie|zgrubiej|ap=zgrubiawszy|ip=zgrubiano|pp=|pp2=|vn=zgrubienie}} Forms: grubieć [imperfective], perfective [table-tags], pl-conj-ap-eję [inflection-template], zgrubieć [infinitive], zgrubieję [first-person, future, singular], zgrubiejemy [first-person, future, plural], zgrubiejesz [future, second-person, singular], zgrubiejecie [future, plural, second-person], zgrubieje [future, singular, third-person], zgrubieją [future, plural, third-person], zgrubieje się [future, impersonal], zgrubiałem [first-person, masculine, past, singular], zgrubiałam [feminine, first-person, past, singular], zgrubieliśmy [first-person, past, plural, virile], zgrubiałyśmy [first-person, nonvirile, past, plural], zgrubiałeś [masculine, past, second-person, singular], zgrubiałaś [feminine, past, second-person, singular], zgrubieliście [past, plural, second-person, virile], zgrubiałyście [nonvirile, past, plural, second-person], zgrubiał [masculine, past, singular, third-person], zgrubiała [feminine, past, singular, third-person], zgrubiało [neuter, past, singular, third-person], zgrubieli [past, plural, third-person, virile], zgrubiały [nonvirile, past, plural, third-person], zgrubiano [impersonal, past], zgrubiałbym [conditional, first-person, masculine, singular], zgrubiałabym [conditional, feminine, first-person, singular], zgrubielibyśmy [conditional, first-person, plural, virile], zgrubiałybyśmy [conditional, first-person, nonvirile, plural], zgrubiałbyś [conditional, masculine, second-person, singular], zgrubiałabyś [conditional, feminine, second-person, singular], zgrubielibyście [conditional, plural, second-person, virile], zgrubiałybyście [conditional, nonvirile, plural, second-person], zgrubiałby [conditional, masculine, singular, third-person], zgrubiałaby [conditional, feminine, singular, third-person], zgrubiałoby [conditional, neuter, singular, third-person], zgrubieliby [conditional, plural, third-person, virile], zgrubiałyby [conditional, nonvirile, plural, third-person], zgrubiano by [conditional, impersonal], niech zgrubieję [first-person, imperative, singular], zgrubiejmy [first-person, imperative, plural], zgrubiej [imperative, second-person, singular], zgrubiejcie [imperative, plural, second-person], niech zgrubieje [imperative, singular, third-person], niech zgrubieją [imperative, plural, third-person], zgrubiawszy [adverbial, anterior, participle], zgrubienie [noun-from-verb]
  1. (intransitive) to fatten, to become fat, to gain weight Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: zgrubieć-pl-verb-M81n14mB Categories (other): Polish terms prefixed with z- Disambiguation of Polish terms prefixed with z-: 37 41 22 Synonyms: utyć, przytyć
  2. (intransitive) to roughen, to become rough, to become coarse Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: zgrubieć-pl-verb-zpwJSi.T Categories (other): Polish terms prefixed with z- Disambiguation of Polish terms prefixed with z-: 37 41 22
  3. (intransitive, of voices) to deepen, to drop Tags: intransitive, of voices, perfective
    Sense id: zgrubieć-pl-verb-uKp6X.cu Categories (other): Polish terms prefixed with z- Disambiguation of Polish terms prefixed with z-: 37 41 22

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for zgrubieć meaning in Polish (6.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "z-",
        "3": "grubieć"
      },
      "expansion": "z- + grubieć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From z- + grubieć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grubieć",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-eję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejemy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejesz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejecie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieje",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieją",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieje się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiano",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubielibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubielibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiano by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiej",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieje",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieją",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiawszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubienie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "grubieć"
      },
      "expansion": "zgrubieć pf (imperfective grubieć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zgrubi"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-eję"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zgrubieć",
        "2": "zgrubieję",
        "3": "zgrubieje",
        "4": "zgrubieją",
        "5": "zgrubia",
        "6": "zgrubia",
        "7": "zgrubie",
        "8": "zgrubiej",
        "ap": "zgrubiawszy",
        "ip": "zgrubiano",
        "pp": "",
        "pp2": "",
        "vn": "zgrubienie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "37 41 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fatten, to become fat, to gain weight"
      ],
      "id": "zgrubieć-pl-verb-M81n14mB",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to fatten, to become fat, to gain weight"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "utyć"
        },
        {
          "word": "przytyć"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "37 41 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to roughen, to become rough, to become coarse"
      ],
      "id": "zgrubieć-pl-verb-zpwJSi.T",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to roughen, to become rough, to become coarse"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "37 41 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to deepen, to drop"
      ],
      "id": "zgrubieć-pl-verb-uKp6X.cu",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, of voices) to deepen, to drop"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "of voices",
        "perfective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zgrubieć"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Polish 2-syllable words",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish perfective verbs",
    "Polish terms prefixed with z-",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish verbs",
    "Rhymes:Polish/ubjɛt͡ɕ",
    "Rhymes:Polish/ubjɛt͡ɕ/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "z-",
        "3": "grubieć"
      },
      "expansion": "z- + grubieć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From z- + grubieć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grubieć",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-eję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejemy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejesz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejecie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieje",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieją",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieje się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiano",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubielibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubielibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubieliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiałyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiano by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieję",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiej",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiejcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieje",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech zgrubieją",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubiawszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "zgrubienie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "grubieć"
      },
      "expansion": "zgrubieć pf (imperfective grubieć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zgrubi"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-eję"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zgrubieć",
        "2": "zgrubieję",
        "3": "zgrubieje",
        "4": "zgrubieją",
        "5": "zgrubia",
        "6": "zgrubia",
        "7": "zgrubie",
        "8": "zgrubiej",
        "ap": "zgrubiawszy",
        "ip": "zgrubiano",
        "pp": "",
        "pp2": "",
        "vn": "zgrubienie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fatten, to become fat, to gain weight"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to fatten, to become fat, to gain weight"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "utyć"
        },
        {
          "word": "przytyć"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to roughen, to become rough, to become coarse"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to roughen, to become rough, to become coarse"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to deepen, to drop"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, of voices) to deepen, to drop"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "of voices",
        "perfective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "zgrubieć"
}


This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-12-02 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-12-01 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.