"utonąć" meaning in Polish

See utonąć in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

Etymology: From u- + tonąć. Etymology templates: {{af|pl|u-|tonąć}} u- + tonąć Head templates: {{pl-verb|a=p|impf=tonąć}} utonąć pf (imperfective tonąć) Inflection templates: {{pl-conj-ap-nąć|uton|imp=utoń}}, {{pl-conj-ap|utonąć|utonę|utonie|utoną|utoną|utonę|utonę|utoń|ap=utonąwszy|ip=utonięto|pp=|pp2=|vn=utonięcie}} Forms: tonąć [imperfective], perfective [table-tags], pl-conj-ap-nąć [inflection-template], utonąć [infinitive], utonę [first-person, future, singular], utoniemy [first-person, future, plural], utoniesz [future, second-person, singular], utoniecie [future, plural, second-person], utonie [future, singular, third-person], utoną [future, plural, third-person], utonie się [future, impersonal], utonąłem [first-person, masculine, past, singular], utonęłam [feminine, first-person, past, singular], utonęliśmy [first-person, past, plural, virile], utonęłyśmy [first-person, nonvirile, past, plural], utonąłeś [masculine, past, second-person, singular], utonęłaś [feminine, past, second-person, singular], utonęliście [past, plural, second-person, virile], utonęłyście [nonvirile, past, plural, second-person], utonął [masculine, past, singular, third-person], utonęła [feminine, past, singular, third-person], utonęło [neuter, past, singular, third-person], utonęli [past, plural, third-person, virile], utonęły [nonvirile, past, plural, third-person], utonięto [impersonal, past], utonąłbym [conditional, first-person, masculine, singular], utonęłabym [conditional, feminine, first-person, singular], utonęlibyśmy [conditional, first-person, plural, virile], utonęłybyśmy [conditional, first-person, nonvirile, plural], utonąłbyś [conditional, masculine, second-person, singular], utonęłabyś [conditional, feminine, second-person, singular], utonęlibyście [conditional, plural, second-person, virile], utonęłybyście [conditional, nonvirile, plural, second-person], utonąłby [conditional, masculine, singular, third-person], utonęłaby [conditional, feminine, singular, third-person], utonęłoby [conditional, neuter, singular, third-person], utonęliby [conditional, plural, third-person, virile], utonęłyby [conditional, nonvirile, plural, third-person], utonięto by [conditional, impersonal], niech utonę [first-person, imperative, singular], utońmy [first-person, imperative, plural], utoń [imperative, second-person, singular], utońcie [imperative, plural, second-person], niech utonie [imperative, singular, third-person], niech utoną [imperative, plural, third-person], utonąwszy [adverbial, anterior, participle], utonięcie [noun-from-verb]
  1. (intransitive) to drown Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: utonąć-pl-verb-K13rKmk8
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) to sink into something, to become absorbed by something Tags: figuratively, intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: utonąć-pl-verb-WnsNKNfu
  3. (intransitive) to delve into Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: utonąć-pl-verb-wxKs4uyA
  4. (intransitive) to hide in something Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: utonąć-pl-verb-jDiMYgz0
  5. (intransitive) to get lost Tags: intransitive, perfective
    Sense id: utonąć-pl-verb-fXKU.DAZ Categories (other): Polish terms prefixed with u- Disambiguation of Polish terms prefixed with u-: 18 18 14 17 33

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for utonąć meaning in Polish (6.9kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "u-",
        "3": "tonąć"
      },
      "expansion": "u- + tonąć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From u- + tonąć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tonąć",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-nąć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniemy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniesz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniecie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoną",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonie się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonął",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęła",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęło",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęły",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięto",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęlibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęlibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięto by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utonę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utońmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoń",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utońcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utonie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utoną",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąwszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "tonąć"
      },
      "expansion": "utonąć pf (imperfective tonąć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "uton",
        "imp": "utoń"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-nąć"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "utonąć",
        "2": "utonę",
        "3": "utonie",
        "4": "utoną",
        "5": "utoną",
        "6": "utonę",
        "7": "utonę",
        "8": "utoń",
        "ap": "utonąwszy",
        "ip": "utonięto",
        "pp": "",
        "pp2": "",
        "vn": "utonięcie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to drown"
      ],
      "id": "utonąć-pl-verb-K13rKmk8",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to drown"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sink into something, to become absorbed by something"
      ],
      "id": "utonąć-pl-verb-WnsNKNfu",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, figuratively) to sink into something, to become absorbed by something"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to delve into"
      ],
      "id": "utonąć-pl-verb-wxKs4uyA",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to delve into"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to hide in something"
      ],
      "id": "utonąć-pl-verb-jDiMYgz0",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to hide in something"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "18 18 14 17 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms prefixed with u-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to get lost"
      ],
      "id": "utonąć-pl-verb-fXKU.DAZ",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to get lost"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "utonąć"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Polish 3-syllable words",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish perfective verbs",
    "Polish terms prefixed with u-",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Polish verbs",
    "Rhymes:Polish/ɔnɔɲt͡ɕ",
    "Rhymes:Polish/ɔnɔɲt͡ɕ/3 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "u-",
        "3": "tonąć"
      },
      "expansion": "u- + tonąć",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From u- + tonąć.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tonąć",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ap-nąć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąć",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniemy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniesz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoniecie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoną",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonie się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonął",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęła",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęło",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęli",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęły",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięto",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęlibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęlibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąłby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonęłyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięto by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utonę",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utońmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utoń",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utońcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utonie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech utoną",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonąwszy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adverbial",
        "anterior",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "utonięcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "p",
        "impf": "tonąć"
      },
      "expansion": "utonąć pf (imperfective tonąć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "uton",
        "imp": "utoń"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap-nąć"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "utonąć",
        "2": "utonę",
        "3": "utonie",
        "4": "utoną",
        "5": "utoną",
        "6": "utonę",
        "7": "utonę",
        "8": "utoń",
        "ap": "utonąwszy",
        "ip": "utonięto",
        "pp": "",
        "pp2": "",
        "vn": "utonięcie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ap"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to drown"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to drown"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sink into something, to become absorbed by something"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, figuratively) to sink into something, to become absorbed by something"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to delve into"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to delve into"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to hide in something"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to hide in something"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to get lost"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to get lost"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "perfective"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "utonąć"
}


This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-11-25 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-11-20 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.