"używać" meaning in Polish

See używać in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

Etymology: Inherited from Old Polish używać, from Proto-Slavic *uživati. By surface analysis, użyć + -wać. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|zlw-opl|używać|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Polish używać, {{inh+|pl|zlw-opl|używać}} Inherited from Old Polish używać, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*uživati}} Proto-Slavic *uživati, {{glossary|surface analysis}} surface analysis, {{af|pl|użyć|-wać|||alt1=|alt2=|alt3=|alt4=|alt5=|g1=|g2=|g3=|g4=|g5=|id1=|id2=|id3=|id4=|id5=|lit=|lit1=|lit2=|lit3=|lit4=|lit5=|nocap=1|nocat=|notext=|pos=|pos1=|pos2=|pos3=|pos4=|pos5=|q1=|q2=|q3=|q4=|q5=|sc1=|sc2=|sc3=|sc4=|sc5=|sort=|t1=|t2=|t3=|t4=|t5=|tr1=|tr2=|tr3=|tr4=|tr5=|ts1=|ts2=|ts3=|ts4=|ts5=|type=}} użyć + -wać, {{surf|pl|użyć|-wać}} By surface analysis, użyć + -wać Head templates: {{pl-verb|a=i|pf=użyć}} używać impf (perfective użyć) Inflection templates: {{pl-conj-ai-am,asz|używa|pp}}, {{pl-conj-ai|używać|używam|używa|używają|używa|używa|używa|używaj|ip=używano|pp=używan|pp2=używani|vn=używanie}} Forms: używać impf + genitive [canonical], użyć [perfective], imperfective [table-tags], pl-conj-ai-am,asz [inflection-template], używać [infinitive], używam [first-person, present, singular], używamy [first-person, plural, present], używasz [present, second-person, singular], używacie [plural, present, second-person], używa [present, singular, third-person], używają [plural, present, third-person], używa się [impersonal, present], używałem [first-person, masculine, past, singular], używałam [feminine, first-person, past, singular], używaliśmy [first-person, past, plural, virile], używałyśmy [first-person, nonvirile, past, plural], używałeś [masculine, past, second-person, singular], używałaś [feminine, past, second-person, singular], używaliście [past, plural, second-person, virile], używałyście [nonvirile, past, plural, second-person], używał [masculine, past, singular, third-person], używała [feminine, past, singular, third-person], używało [neuter, past, singular, third-person], używali [past, plural, third-person, virile], używały [nonvirile, past, plural, third-person], używano [impersonal, past], będę używał [first-person, future, masculine, singular], będę używać [first-person, future, masculine, singular], będę używała [feminine, first-person, future, singular], będę używać [feminine, first-person, future, singular], będziemy używali [first-person, future, plural, virile], będziemy używać [first-person, future, plural, virile], będziemy używały [first-person, future, nonvirile, plural], będziemy używać [first-person, future, nonvirile, plural], będziesz używał [future, masculine, second-person, singular], będziesz używać [future, masculine, second-person, singular], będziesz używała [feminine, future, second-person, singular], będziesz używać [feminine, future, second-person, singular], będziecie używali [future, plural, second-person, virile], będziecie używać [future, plural, second-person, virile], będziecie używały [future, nonvirile, plural, second-person], będziecie używać [future, nonvirile, plural, second-person], będzie używał [future, masculine, singular, third-person], będzie używać [future, masculine, singular, third-person], będzie używała [feminine, future, singular, third-person], będzie używać [feminine, future, singular, third-person], będzie używało [future, neuter, singular, third-person], będzie używać [future, neuter, singular, third-person], będą używali [future, plural, third-person, virile], będą używać [future, plural, third-person, virile], będą używały [future, nonvirile, plural, third-person], będą używać [future, nonvirile, plural, third-person], będzie używać się [future, impersonal], używałbym [conditional, first-person, masculine, singular], używałabym [conditional, feminine, first-person, singular], używalibyśmy [conditional, first-person, plural, virile], używałybyśmy [conditional, first-person, nonvirile, plural], używałbyś [conditional, masculine, second-person, singular], używałabyś [conditional, feminine, second-person, singular], używalibyście [conditional, plural, second-person, virile], używałybyście [conditional, nonvirile, plural, second-person], używałby [conditional, masculine, singular, third-person], używałaby [conditional, feminine, singular, third-person], używałoby [conditional, neuter, singular, third-person], używaliby [conditional, plural, third-person, virile], używałyby [conditional, nonvirile, plural, third-person], używano by [conditional, impersonal], niech używam [first-person, imperative, singular], używajmy [first-person, imperative, plural], używaj [imperative, second-person, singular], używajcie [imperative, plural, second-person], niech używa [imperative, singular, third-person], niech używają [imperative, plural, third-person], używający [active, adjectival, masculine, participle, singular], używająca [active, adjectival, feminine, participle, singular], używające [active, adjectival, neuter, participle, singular], używający [active, adjectival, participle, plural, virile], używające [active, adjectival, nonvirile, participle, plural], używany [adjectival, masculine, participle, passive, singular], używana [adjectival, feminine, participle, passive, singular], używane [adjectival, neuter, participle, passive, singular], używani [adjectival, participle, passive, plural, virile], używane [adjectival, nonvirile, participle, passive, plural], używając [adjectival, contemporary, participle], używanie [noun-from-verb]
  1. (transitive) to use (employ, apply) Tags: transitive
    Sense id: używać-pl-verb-REDbbyXE Categories (other): Polish terms suffixed with -wać Derived forms: używany Related terms: bezużyteczny, użyteczny, bezużytecznie, bezużyteczność

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for używać meaning in Polish (12.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "używać",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish używać",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "używać"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish używać",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*uživati"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *uživati",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "surface analysis"
      },
      "expansion": "surface analysis",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "użyć",
        "3": "-wać",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "alt1": "",
        "alt2": "",
        "alt3": "",
        "alt4": "",
        "alt5": "",
        "g1": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "g4": "",
        "g5": "",
        "id1": "",
        "id2": "",
        "id3": "",
        "id4": "",
        "id5": "",
        "lit": "",
        "lit1": "",
        "lit2": "",
        "lit3": "",
        "lit4": "",
        "lit5": "",
        "nocap": "1",
        "nocat": "",
        "notext": "",
        "pos": "",
        "pos1": "",
        "pos2": "",
        "pos3": "",
        "pos4": "",
        "pos5": "",
        "q1": "",
        "q2": "",
        "q3": "",
        "q4": "",
        "q5": "",
        "sc1": "",
        "sc2": "",
        "sc3": "",
        "sc4": "",
        "sc5": "",
        "sort": "",
        "t1": "",
        "t2": "",
        "t3": "",
        "t4": "",
        "t5": "",
        "tr1": "",
        "tr2": "",
        "tr3": "",
        "tr4": "",
        "tr5": "",
        "ts1": "",
        "ts2": "",
        "ts3": "",
        "ts4": "",
        "ts5": "",
        "type": ""
      },
      "expansion": "użyć + -wać",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "użyć",
        "3": "-wać"
      },
      "expansion": "By surface analysis, użyć + -wać",
      "name": "surf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish używać, from Proto-Slavic *uživati. By surface analysis, użyć + -wać.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "używać impf + genitive",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "użyć",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ai-am,asz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używamy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używasz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używacie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używają",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używa się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używano",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używalibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używalibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używano by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używajmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używajcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używają",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używający",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używająca",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używające",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używający",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używające",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używany",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używana",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używane",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używani",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używane",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używając",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "contemporary",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używanie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "i",
        "pf": "użyć"
      },
      "expansion": "używać impf (perfective użyć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "używa",
        "2": "pp"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ai-am,asz"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "używać",
        "2": "używam",
        "3": "używa",
        "4": "używają",
        "5": "używa",
        "6": "używa",
        "7": "używa",
        "8": "używaj",
        "ip": "używano",
        "pp": "używan",
        "pp2": "używani",
        "vn": "używanie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ai"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish terms suffixed with -wać",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "używany"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I haven't used my computer for a week and I feel a little lost.",
          "text": "Od tygodnia nie używam komputera i czuję się nieco zagubiony.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to use (employ, apply)"
      ],
      "id": "używać-pl-verb-REDbbyXE",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to use (employ, apply)"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "bezużyteczny"
        },
        {
          "word": "użyteczny"
        },
        {
          "word": "bezużytecznie"
        },
        {
          "word": "bezużyteczność"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "używać"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "używany"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "używać",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish używać",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "używać"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish używać",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*uživati"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *uživati",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "surface analysis"
      },
      "expansion": "surface analysis",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "użyć",
        "3": "-wać",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "alt1": "",
        "alt2": "",
        "alt3": "",
        "alt4": "",
        "alt5": "",
        "g1": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "g4": "",
        "g5": "",
        "id1": "",
        "id2": "",
        "id3": "",
        "id4": "",
        "id5": "",
        "lit": "",
        "lit1": "",
        "lit2": "",
        "lit3": "",
        "lit4": "",
        "lit5": "",
        "nocap": "1",
        "nocat": "",
        "notext": "",
        "pos": "",
        "pos1": "",
        "pos2": "",
        "pos3": "",
        "pos4": "",
        "pos5": "",
        "q1": "",
        "q2": "",
        "q3": "",
        "q4": "",
        "q5": "",
        "sc1": "",
        "sc2": "",
        "sc3": "",
        "sc4": "",
        "sc5": "",
        "sort": "",
        "t1": "",
        "t2": "",
        "t3": "",
        "t4": "",
        "t5": "",
        "tr1": "",
        "tr2": "",
        "tr3": "",
        "tr4": "",
        "tr5": "",
        "ts1": "",
        "ts2": "",
        "ts3": "",
        "ts4": "",
        "ts5": "",
        "type": ""
      },
      "expansion": "użyć + -wać",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "użyć",
        "3": "-wać"
      },
      "expansion": "By surface analysis, użyć + -wać",
      "name": "surf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish używać, from Proto-Slavic *uživati. By surface analysis, użyć + -wać.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "używać impf + genitive",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "użyć",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfective",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-conj-ai-am,asz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używamy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używasz",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używacie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używają",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używa się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałeś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałaś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "nonvirile",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używano",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będę używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziemy używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziesz używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będziecie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używał",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używała",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używało",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używali",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używały",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będą używać",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "będzie używać się",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałbym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałabym",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używalibyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałybyśmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałbyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałabyś",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używalibyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałybyście",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałaby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałoby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaliby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używałyby",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używano by",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "impersonal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używam",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używajmy",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używaj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używajcie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niech używają",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używający",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używająca",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używające",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używający",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używające",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używany",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używana",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używane",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "neuter",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używani",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używane",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "nonvirile",
        "participle",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używając",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "adjectival",
        "contemporary",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "używanie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "i",
        "pf": "użyć"
      },
      "expansion": "używać impf (perfective użyć)",
      "name": "pl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "używa",
        "2": "pp"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ai-am,asz"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "używać",
        "2": "używam",
        "3": "używa",
        "4": "używają",
        "5": "używa",
        "6": "używa",
        "7": "używa",
        "8": "używaj",
        "ip": "używano",
        "pp": "używan",
        "pp2": "używani",
        "vn": "używanie"
      },
      "name": "pl-conj-ai"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "bezużyteczny"
    },
    {
      "word": "użyteczny"
    },
    {
      "word": "bezużytecznie"
    },
    {
      "word": "bezużyteczność"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 3-syllable words",
        "Polish imperfective verbs",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish terms derived from Old Polish",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms inherited from Old Polish",
        "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms suffixed with -wać",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Polish terms with audio links",
        "Polish terms with usage examples",
        "Polish transitive verbs",
        "Polish verbs",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɨvat͡ɕ",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɨvat͡ɕ/3 syllables"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I haven't used my computer for a week and I feel a little lost.",
          "text": "Od tygodnia nie używam komputera i czuję się nieco zagubiony.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to use (employ, apply)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to use (employ, apply)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "używać"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1147",
  "msg": "suspicious related form tags ['canonical']: 'używać impf + genitive' in 'używać impf (perfective użyć) + genitive'",
  "path": [
    "używać"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "verb",
  "title": "używać",
  "trace": null
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-11-25 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-11-20 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.