"borg" meaning in Old Norse

See borg in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”). Etymology templates: {{root|non|ine-pro|*bʰerǵʰ-}}, {{inh|non|gem-pro|*burgz}} Proto-Germanic *burgz, {{der|non|ine-pro|*bʰerǵʰ-||fortified elevation}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”) Head templates: {{head|non|nouns|g=f|g2=|head=|sort=|tr=}} borg f, {{non-noun|f|borgar|borgir}} borg f (genitive borgar, plural borgir) Inflection templates: {{non-decl-f-i|borg|borg|borg|dsd=borgunni|dsi=borgu}}, {{non-decl-blank-full|apd=borgirnar|api=borgir|asd=borgina|asi=borg|dpd=borgunum|dpi=borgum|dsd=borgunni|dsi=borgu|g=feminine|gpd=borganna|gpi=borga|gsd=borgarinnar|gsi=borgar|notes=|npd=borgirnar|npi=borgir|nsd=borgin|nsi=borg|stem=strong i-stem|title=borg}}, {{non-decl-cell|borg|nsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgin|nsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgir|npi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgirnar|npd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borg|asi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgina|asd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgir|api}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgirnar|apd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgu|dsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgunni|dsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgum|dpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgunum|dpd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgar|gsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borgarinnar|gsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|borga|gpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|borganna|gpd}} Forms: borgar [genitive], borgir [plural], strong [table-tags], borg [indefinite, nominative, singular], borgin [definite, nominative, singular], borgir [indefinite, nominative, plural], borgirnar [definite, nominative, plural], borg [accusative, indefinite, singular], borgina [accusative, definite, singular], borgir [accusative, indefinite, plural], borgirnar [accusative, definite, plural], borgu [dative, indefinite, singular], borgunni [dative, definite, singular], borgum [dative, indefinite, plural], borgunum [dative, definite, plural], borgar [genitive, indefinite, singular], borgarinnar [definite, genitive, singular], borga [genitive, indefinite, plural], borganna [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. A city, town (often fortified) Tags: feminine
    Sense id: en-borg-non-noun-wo7ik7qH
  2. A castle Tags: feminine
    Sense id: en-borg-non-noun-5Sssgtqn
  3. Any fortified place Tags: feminine
    Sense id: en-borg-non-noun-g5YNsGuy Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Norse entries with incorrect language header: 6 2 92

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for borg meaning in Old Norse (6.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "borg",
            "3": ";",
            "4": "børg<q:dialectal>"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: borg; (dialectal) børg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: borg; (dialectal) børg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "borgh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: borgh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: borgh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "burg",
            "3": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: burg, borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: burg, borg"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰerǵʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*burgz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *burgz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰerǵʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "fortified elevation"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "borgar",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgunni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borganna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "borg f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f",
        "2": "borgar",
        "3": "borgir"
      },
      "expansion": "borg f (genitive borgar, plural borgir)",
      "name": "non-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "borg",
        "3": "borg",
        "dsd": "borgunni",
        "dsi": "borgu"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "borgirnar",
        "api": "borgir",
        "asd": "borgina",
        "asi": "borg",
        "dpd": "borgunum",
        "dpi": "borgum",
        "dsd": "borgunni",
        "dsi": "borgu",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "borganna",
        "gpi": "borga",
        "gsd": "borgarinnar",
        "gsi": "borgar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "borgirnar",
        "npi": "borgir",
        "nsd": "borgin",
        "nsi": "borg",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "borg"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgu",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgunni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borga",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borganna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A city, town (often fortified)"
      ],
      "id": "en-borg-non-noun-wo7ik7qH",
      "links": [
        [
          "city",
          "city"
        ],
        [
          "town",
          "town"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A castle"
      ],
      "id": "en-borg-non-noun-5Sssgtqn",
      "links": [
        [
          "castle",
          "castle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "6 2 92",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any fortified place"
      ],
      "id": "en-borg-non-noun-g5YNsGuy",
      "links": [
        [
          "fortified",
          "fortified"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "borg"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Norse feminine i-stem nouns",
    "Old Norse feminine nouns",
    "Old Norse lemmas",
    "Old Norse nouns",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Norse terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerǵʰ-",
    "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "sv:Heraldic charges"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "borg",
            "3": ";",
            "4": "børg<q:dialectal>"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: borg; (dialectal) børg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: borg; (dialectal) børg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "borgh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: borgh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: borgh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: borg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "burg",
            "3": "borg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: burg, borg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: burg, borg"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰerǵʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*burgz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *burgz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰerǵʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "fortified elevation"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“fortified elevation”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "borgar",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgunni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borgarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "borganna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "borg f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f",
        "2": "borgar",
        "3": "borgir"
      },
      "expansion": "borg f (genitive borgar, plural borgir)",
      "name": "non-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "borg",
        "3": "borg",
        "dsd": "borgunni",
        "dsi": "borgu"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "borgirnar",
        "api": "borgir",
        "asd": "borgina",
        "asi": "borg",
        "dpd": "borgunum",
        "dpi": "borgum",
        "dsd": "borgunni",
        "dsi": "borgu",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "borganna",
        "gpi": "borga",
        "gsd": "borgarinnar",
        "gsi": "borgar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "borgirnar",
        "npi": "borgir",
        "nsd": "borgin",
        "nsi": "borg",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "borg"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borg",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgu",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgunni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borgarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borga",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "borganna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A city, town (often fortified)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "city",
          "city"
        ],
        [
          "town",
          "town"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A castle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "castle",
          "castle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Any fortified place"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fortified",
          "fortified"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "borg"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.