"-un" meaning in Old Norse

See -un in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: Variant of -an f, from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz. Unlike "-an", "-un" is affected by u-umlaut in the nominative, accusative and dative singular forms. Etymology templates: {{g|f}} f, {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-ōniz}} Proto-Germanic *-ōniz Head templates: {{head|non|suffix}} -un Inflection templates: {{non-decl-f-i|-an|-un|-un}}, {{non-decl-blank-full|apd=-anirnar|api=-anir|asd=-unina|asi=-un|dpd=-ununum|dpi=-unum|dsd=-uninni|dsi=-un|g=feminine|gpd=-ananna|gpi=-ana|gsd=-anarinnar|gsi=-anar|notes=|npd=-anirnar|npi=-anir|nsd=-unin|nsi=-un|stem=strong i-stem|title=-un}}, {{non-decl-cell|-un|nsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-unin|nsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anir|npi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anirnar|npd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-un|asi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-unina|asd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anir|api}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anirnar|apd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-un|dsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-uninni|dsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-unum|dpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ununum|dpd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anar|gsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-anarinnar|gsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ana|gpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ananna|gpd}} Forms: strong [table-tags], -un [indefinite, nominative, singular], -unin [definite, nominative, singular], -anir [indefinite, nominative, plural], -anirnar [definite, nominative, plural], -un [accusative, indefinite, singular], -unina [accusative, definite, singular], -anir [accusative, indefinite, plural], -anirnar [accusative, definite, plural], -un [dative, indefinite, singular], -uninni [dative, definite, singular], -unum [dative, indefinite, plural], -ununum [dative, definite, plural], -anar [genitive, indefinite, singular], -anarinnar [definite, genitive, singular], -ana [genitive, indefinite, plural], -ananna [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. (deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs. Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--un-non-suffix-B1uncm0C Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for -un meaning in Old Norse (4.1kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "f",
      "name": "g"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ōniz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ōniz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Variant of -an f, from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz. Unlike \"-an\", \"-un\" is affected by u-umlaut in the nominative, accusative and dative singular forms.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-uninni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ununum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ana",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ananna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-un",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-an",
        "2": "-un",
        "3": "-un"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-anirnar",
        "api": "-anir",
        "asd": "-unina",
        "asi": "-un",
        "dpd": "-ununum",
        "dpi": "-unum",
        "dsd": "-uninni",
        "dsi": "-un",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-ananna",
        "gpi": "-ana",
        "gsd": "-anarinnar",
        "gsi": "-anar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "-anirnar",
        "npi": "-anir",
        "nsd": "-unin",
        "nsi": "-un",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "-un"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-uninni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ununum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ana",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ananna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "id": "en--un-non-suffix-B1uncm0C",
      "qualifier": "deverbative suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-un"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "f",
      "name": "g"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ōniz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ōniz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Variant of -an f, from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz. Unlike \"-an\", \"-un\" is affected by u-umlaut in the nominative, accusative and dative singular forms.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-un",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-uninni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-unum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ununum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-anarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ana",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ananna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-un",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-an",
        "2": "-un",
        "3": "-un"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-anirnar",
        "api": "-anir",
        "asd": "-unina",
        "asi": "-un",
        "dpd": "-ununum",
        "dpi": "-unum",
        "dsd": "-uninni",
        "dsi": "-un",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-ananna",
        "gpi": "-ana",
        "gsd": "-anarinnar",
        "gsi": "-anar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "-anirnar",
        "npi": "-anir",
        "nsd": "-unin",
        "nsi": "-un",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "-un"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-un",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-uninni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-unum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ununum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-anarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ana",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ananna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Norse feminine i-stem nouns",
        "Old Norse lemmas",
        "Old Norse suffixes",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "qualifier": "deverbative suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-un"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.