"-ir" meaning in Old Norse

See -ir in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: From Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ), from Proto-Germanic *-ijaz. Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gmq-pro|-ᛁᛃᚨᛉ}} Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ), {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-ijaz}} Proto-Germanic *-ijaz Head templates: {{head|non|suffix|g=m}} -ir m
  1. (rare) a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs Tags: masculine, morpheme, rare Synonyms: -andi, -ari, -i
    Sense id: en--ir-non-suffix-Rj5zD0Dr Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for -ir meaning in Old Norse (1.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-are"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -are",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -are"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᛁᛃᚨᛉ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ijaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ijaz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ), from Proto-Germanic *-ijaz.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "-ir m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "myrða (“to murder”) + -ir → myrðir (“murderer”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "stilla (“to still; control”) + -ir → stillir (“stiller, controller; ruler”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "id": "en--ir-non-suffix-Rj5zD0Dr",
      "links": [
        [
          "suffix",
          "suffix"
        ],
        [
          "agent noun",
          "agent noun"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-andi"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ari"
        },
        {
          "word": "-i"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ir"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-are"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -are",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -are"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "-ᛁᛃᚨᛉ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ijaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ijaz",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Norse -ᛁᛃᚨᛉ (-ijaʀ), from Proto-Germanic *-ijaz.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "-ir m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Norse lemmas",
        "Old Norse masculine suffixes",
        "Old Norse suffixes",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Norse",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Norse",
        "Old Norse terms with rare senses"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "myrða (“to murder”) + -ir → myrðir (“murderer”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "stilla (“to still; control”) + -ir → stillir (“stiller, controller; ruler”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "suffix",
          "suffix"
        ],
        [
          "agent noun",
          "agent noun"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-andi"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ari"
        },
        {
          "word": "-i"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ir"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.