"tráig" meaning in Old Irish

See tráig in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”) Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*trāgi|t=low tide, beach}} Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=f|g3=|head=|sort=}} tráig m or f, {{sga-noun|m|g2=f}} tráig m or f Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-i|trág|trága|g=m}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=tráig+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=trágai+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=tráig+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=i-m|dat_du=trágaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=trágaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=tráig+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|dat_sg4=|gen_du=trágo+H|gen_du2=trága+H|gen_du3=|gen_du4=|gen_du5=|gen_pl=trágae+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=trágo+H|gen_sg2=trága+H|gen_sg3=|gen_sg4=|gen_sg5=|n=|nom_du=tráig+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=trágai+H|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=tráig|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=tráig+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=trágai+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=tráig|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|t|ráig}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], tráig [nominative, singular], tráig [dual, nominative], trágai [nominative, plural], tráig [singular, vocative], tráig [dual, vocative], trágai [plural, vocative], tráig [accusative, singular], tráig [accusative, dual], trágai [accusative, plural], trágo [genitive, singular], trága [genitive, singular], trágo [dual, genitive], trága [dual, genitive], trágae [genitive, plural], tráig [dative, singular], trágaib [dative, dual], trágaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], tráig [mutation, mutation-radical], thráig [mutation, mutation-nasal], tráig [mutation]
  1. strand, shore Tags: feminine, masculine
    Sense id: en-tráig-sga-noun-1Xg6IPDJ
  2. ebb tide Tags: feminine, masculine Categories (place): Landforms
    Sense id: en-tráig-sga-noun-sqzoo6os Disambiguation of Landforms: 20 77 3 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 19 77 4
  3. (figuratively) exhaustion, death Tags: feminine, figuratively, masculine
    Sense id: en-tráig-sga-noun-tDIoj4AY
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: tráigid (english: ebbs, recedes; causes to ebb; retreats, diminishes; exhausts) [verb]

Download JSONL data for tráig meaning in Old Irish (5.3kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "english": "ebbs, recedes; causes to ebb; retreats, diminishes; exhausts",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ],
      "word": "tráigid"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "trá"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: trá",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: trá"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "traaie"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: traaie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: traaie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "tràigh"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: tràigh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: tràigh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*trāgi",
        "t": "low tide, beach"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine i-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trága",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trága",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "tráig m or f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "tráig m or f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trág",
        "2": "trága",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "tráig+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "trágai+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "tráig+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "i-m",
        "dat_du": "trágaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "trágaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "tráig+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "dat_sg4": "",
        "gen_du": "trágo+H",
        "gen_du2": "trága+H",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_du5": "",
        "gen_pl": "trágae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "trágo+H",
        "gen_sg2": "trága+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "gen_sg5": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "tráig+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "trágai+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "tráig",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "tráig+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "trágai+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "tráig",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "ráig"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "strand, shore"
      ],
      "id": "en-tráig-sga-noun-1Xg6IPDJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "strand",
          "strand"
        ],
        [
          "shore",
          "shore"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "19 77 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 77 3",
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Landforms",
          "orig": "sga:Landforms",
          "parents": [
            "Earth",
            "Places",
            "Nature",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ebb tide"
      ],
      "id": "en-tráig-sga-noun-sqzoo6os",
      "links": [
        [
          "ebb tide",
          "ebb tide"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "exhaustion, death"
      ],
      "id": "en-tráig-sga-noun-tDIoj4AY",
      "links": [
        [
          "exhaustion",
          "exhaustion"
        ],
        [
          "death",
          "death"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figuratively) exhaustion, death"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "figuratively",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "tráig"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine or feminine i-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns with multiple genders",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "sga:Landforms"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "ebbs, recedes; causes to ebb; retreats, diminishes; exhausts",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ],
      "word": "tráigid"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "trá"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: trá",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: trá"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "traaie"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: traaie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: traaie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "tràigh"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: tràigh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: tràigh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*trāgi",
        "t": "low tide, beach"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *trāgi (“low tide, beach”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine i-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trága",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trága",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "trágaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tráig",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "tráig m or f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "tráig m or f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trág",
        "2": "trága",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "tráig+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "trágai+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "tráig+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "i-m",
        "dat_du": "trágaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "trágaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "tráig+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "dat_sg4": "",
        "gen_du": "trágo+H",
        "gen_du2": "trága+H",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_du5": "",
        "gen_pl": "trágae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "trágo+H",
        "gen_sg2": "trága+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "gen_sg5": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "tráig+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "trágai+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "tráig",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "tráig+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "trágai+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "tráig",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "ráig"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "strand, shore"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "strand",
          "strand"
        ],
        [
          "shore",
          "shore"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "ebb tide"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ebb tide",
          "ebb tide"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "exhaustion, death"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "exhaustion",
          "exhaustion"
        ],
        [
          "death",
          "death"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figuratively) exhaustion, death"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "figuratively",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "tráig"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "tráig"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "tráig",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.