"topar" meaning in Old Irish

See topar in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈtobar/
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”). However, compare inbhir (“mouth of a river”). Synonymous with tipra. Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro||*to-od-bur}} Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*bʰrewh₁-|t=to brew, boil}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} topar m, {{sga-noun|m}} topar m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|topair|acc_pl=topru|dat_pl=topraib}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=topar+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=topru+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=topar+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=topraib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=topraib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=topar+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=topar|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=topar+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=topair+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=topar+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=topair+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=topar|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=topar+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=topru+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=topair|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|t|opar}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], topar [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], topar [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], topair [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], topair [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], topar [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], topru [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], topar [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], topar [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], topru [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], topair [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], topar [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], topar [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], topar [dative, masculine, singular, stem], topraib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], topraib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], topar [mutation, mutation-radical], thopar [mutation, mutation-nasal], topar [mutation]
  1. well Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Water
    Sense id: en-topar-sga-noun-p3Irdl0V Disambiguation of Water: 50 50 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 50 50
  2. spring Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Water
    Sense id: en-topar-sga-noun-YipJTT6o Disambiguation of Water: 50 50 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 50 50
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: toparach

Download JSONL data for topar meaning in Old Irish (5.4kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "toparach"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "tobar"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: tobar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: tobar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "tobar"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: tobar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: tobar"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*to-od-bur"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰrewh₁-",
        "t": "to brew, boil"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”). However, compare inbhir (“mouth of a river”). Synonymous with tipra.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topraib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topraib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thopar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "topar m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "topar m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "topair",
        "acc_pl": "topru",
        "dat_pl": "topraib"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "topar+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "topru+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "topar+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "topraib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "topraib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "topar+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "topar",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "topar+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "topair+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "topar+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "topair+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "topar",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "topar+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "topru+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "topair",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "opar"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Water",
          "orig": "sga:Water",
          "parents": [
            "Liquids",
            "Matter",
            "Chemistry",
            "Nature",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "well"
      ],
      "id": "en-topar-sga-noun-p3Irdl0V",
      "links": [
        [
          "well",
          "well"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Water",
          "orig": "sga:Water",
          "parents": [
            "Liquids",
            "Matter",
            "Chemistry",
            "Nature",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spring"
      ],
      "id": "en-topar-sga-noun-YipJTT6o",
      "links": [
        [
          "spring",
          "spring"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtobar/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "topar"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "sga:Water"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "toparach"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "tobar"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: tobar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: tobar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "tobar"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: tobar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: tobar"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*to-od-bur"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰrewh₁-",
        "t": "to brew, boil"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *to-od-bur, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (“to brew, boil”). However, compare inbhir (“mouth of a river”). Synonymous with tipra.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topair",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topraib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topraib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "thopar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "topar",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "topar m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "topar m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "topair",
        "acc_pl": "topru",
        "dat_pl": "topraib"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "topar+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "topru+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "topar+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "topraib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "topraib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "topar+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "topar",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "topar+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "topair+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "topar+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "topair+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "topar",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "topar+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "topru+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "topair",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "opar"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "well"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "well",
          "well"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "spring"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "spring",
          "spring"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtobar/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "topar"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "topar"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "topar",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.