"scíath" meaning in Old Irish

See scíath in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: table From Proto-Celtic *skētos (compare Breton skoed (“shield”)), from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”). Compare Latin scūtum, Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ). Etymology templates: {{etymid|sga|shield}} table, {{root|sga|ine-pro|*skey-}}, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*skētos}} Proto-Celtic *skētos, {{cog|br|skoed||shield}} Breton skoed (“shield”), {{der|sga|ine-pro|*skey-||to cut, separate}} Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”), {{cog|la|scūtum}} Latin scūtum, {{cog|cu|щитъ}} Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=f|g3=|head=|sort=}} scíath m or f, {{sga-noun|m|g2=f}} scíath m or f Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|scéith}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=scíath+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=scíathu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=scíath+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=scíathaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=scíathaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=scíath+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=scíath|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=scíath+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=scéith+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=scíath+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=scéith+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=scíath|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=scíath+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=scíathu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=scéith|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], scíath [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], scíath [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], scéith [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], scéith [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], scíath [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], scíathu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], scíath [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], scíath [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], scíathu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], scéith [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], scíath [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], scíath [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], scíath [dative, masculine, singular, stem], scíathaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], scíathaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem]
  1. shield, buckler Tags: feminine, masculine Categories (lifeform): Animal body parts
    Sense id: en-scíath-sga-noun-ogXWyyPa Disambiguation of Animal body parts: 14 31 25 25 4
  2. (by extension) warrior Tags: broadly, feminine, masculine Categories (lifeform): Animal body parts
    Sense id: en-scíath-sga-noun-~7KRAyg7 Disambiguation of Animal body parts: 14 31 25 25 4
  3. protection, defense, safeguard Tags: feminine, masculine Categories (lifeform): Animal body parts
    Sense id: en-scíath-sga-noun-EV4C4OND Disambiguation of Animal body parts: 14 31 25 25 4 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 17 20 37 23 3
  4. protector, guardian Tags: feminine, masculine Categories (lifeform): Animal body parts
    Sense id: en-scíath-sga-noun-zS11i1JP Disambiguation of Animal body parts: 14 31 25 25 4
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun

Etymology: table The final th (/θ/) was modified from d (/ð/) sometime in the prehistory of Old Irish under the influence of scíath (“shield”) above. From Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”). Cognate with Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”), Breton skoaz (“shoulder”), and Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”) Etymology templates: {{etymid|sga|wing}} table, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*skēdos|t=wing, shoulder}} Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”), {{cog|cy|ysgwydd|t=shoulder}} Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”), {{cog|br|skoaz|t=shoulder}} Breton skoaz (“shoulder”), {{,}} ,, {{cog|kw|skoodh|t=shoulder}} Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} scíath m, {{sga-noun|m}} scíath m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|scéith}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=scíath+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=scíathu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=scíath+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=scíathaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=scíathaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=scíath+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=scíath|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=scíath+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=scéith+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=scíath+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=scéith+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=scíath|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=scíath+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=scíathu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=scéith|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], scíath [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], scíath [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], scéith [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], scéith [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], scíath [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], scíathu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], scíath [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], scíath [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], scíathu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], scéith [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], scíath [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], scíath [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], scíath [dative, masculine, singular, stem], scíathaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], scíathaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem]
  1. wing Tags: masculine Derived forms: scíathán
    Sense id: en-scíath-sga-noun-wEfK75W0
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSONL data for scíath meaning in Old Irish (11.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sciath"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sciath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sciath"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sgiath"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "shield"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*skētos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *skētos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "br",
        "2": "skoed",
        "3": "",
        "4": "shield"
      },
      "expansion": "Breton skoed (“shield”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to cut, separate"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "scūtum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin scūtum",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cu",
        "2": "щитъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *skētos (compare Breton skoed (“shield”)), from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”). Compare Latin scūtum, Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m or f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m or f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "scéith"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "scíath+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "scíath+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "scíathaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "scíathaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "scíath+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "scíath",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "scíath+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "scéith+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "scíath+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "scéith+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "scíath",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "scíath+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "scéith",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 31 25 25 4",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Animal body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Animal body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Animals",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "shield, buckler"
      ],
      "id": "en-scíath-sga-noun-ogXWyyPa",
      "links": [
        [
          "shield",
          "shield"
        ],
        [
          "buckler",
          "buckler"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 31 25 25 4",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Animal body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Animal body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Animals",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "warrior"
      ],
      "id": "en-scíath-sga-noun-~7KRAyg7",
      "links": [
        [
          "warrior",
          "warrior"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(by extension) warrior"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "17 20 37 23 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 31 25 25 4",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Animal body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Animal body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Animals",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "protection, defense, safeguard"
      ],
      "id": "en-scíath-sga-noun-EV4C4OND",
      "links": [
        [
          "protection",
          "protection"
        ],
        [
          "defense",
          "defense"
        ],
        [
          "safeguard",
          "safeguard"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 31 25 25 4",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Animal body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Animal body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Animals",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "protector, guardian"
      ],
      "id": "en-scíath-sga-noun-zS11i1JP",
      "links": [
        [
          "protector",
          "protector"
        ],
        [
          "guardian",
          "guardian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "scíath"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sciath"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sciath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sciath"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sgiath"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "wing"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*skēdos",
        "t": "wing, shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ysgwydd",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "br",
        "2": "skoaz",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Breton skoaz (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": ",",
      "name": ","
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "skoodh",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nThe final th (/θ/) was modified from d (/ð/) sometime in the prehistory of Old Irish under the influence of scíath (“shield”) above. From Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”). Cognate with Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”), Breton skoaz (“shoulder”), and Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "scéith"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "scíath+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "scíath+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "scíathaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "scíathaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "scíath+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "scíath",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "scíath+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "scéith+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "scíath+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "scéith+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "scíath",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "scíath+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "scéith",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "scíathán"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wing"
      ],
      "id": "en-scíath-sga-noun-wEfK75W0",
      "links": [
        [
          "wing",
          "wing"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "scíath"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns with multiple genders",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *skey-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "sga:Animal body parts"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sciath"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sciath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sciath"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sgiath"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "shield"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*skētos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *skētos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "br",
        "2": "skoed",
        "3": "",
        "4": "shield"
      },
      "expansion": "Breton skoed (“shield”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*skey-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to cut, separate"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "scūtum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin scūtum",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cu",
        "2": "щитъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *skētos (compare Breton skoed (“shield”)), from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (“to cut, separate”). Compare Latin scūtum, Old Church Slavonic щитъ (štitŭ).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "f",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m or f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "g2": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m or f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "scéith"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "scíath+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "scíath+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "scíathaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "scíathaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "scíath+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "scíath",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "scíath+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "scéith+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "scíath+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "scéith+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "scíath",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "scíath+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "scéith",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "shield, buckler"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "shield",
          "shield"
        ],
        [
          "buckler",
          "buckler"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "warrior"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "warrior",
          "warrior"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(by extension) warrior"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "protection, defense, safeguard"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "protection",
          "protection"
        ],
        [
          "defense",
          "defense"
        ],
        [
          "safeguard",
          "safeguard"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "protector, guardian"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "protector",
          "protector"
        ],
        [
          "guardian",
          "guardian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "scíath"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "sga:Animal body parts"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "scíathán"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sciath"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sciath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sciath"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sgiath"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sgiath"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "wing"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*skēdos",
        "t": "wing, shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ysgwydd",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "br",
        "2": "skoaz",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Breton skoaz (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": ",",
      "name": ","
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "skoodh",
        "t": "shoulder"
      },
      "expansion": "Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nThe final th (/θ/) was modified from d (/ð/) sometime in the prehistory of Old Irish under the influence of scíath (“shield”) above. From Proto-Celtic *skēdos (“wing, shoulder”). Cognate with Welsh ysgwydd (“shoulder”), Breton skoaz (“shoulder”), and Cornish skoodh (“shoulder”)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scéith",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíath",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "scíathaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "scíath m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "scéith"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "scíath+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "scíath+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "scíathaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "scíathaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "scíath+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "scíath",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "scíath+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "scéith+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "scíath+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "scéith+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "scíath",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "scíath+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "scíathu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "scéith",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wing"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wing",
          "wing"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "scíath"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "scíath"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "scíath",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "scíath"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "scíath",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-11 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (6dfc2a1 and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.