"rót" meaning in Old Irish

See rót in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /r͈oːd/
Etymology: According to Alexander MacBain, a Germanic borrowing from Middle English roade (see modern English road), but 9th century Sanas Cormaic suggests the word was originally disyllabic in Old Irish—rout, IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/—(as it is in Scottish Gaelic rathad), deriving it from ro-ṡét, from ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”), from Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu-. Etymology templates: {{dercat|sga|ang}}, {{der|sga|gem|-}} Germanic, {{bor|sga|enm|roade}} Middle English roade, {{cog|en|road}} English road, {{IPA|sga|/ro.ud/}} IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/, {{affix|sga|ro-|sét|t1=very, great|t2=path}} ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”), {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*φro-sentu-}} Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu- Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} rót m, {{sga-noun|m}} rót m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|róit|dat_sg=rout}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=rót+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=rótu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=rót+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=rótaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=rótaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=rout+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=rót|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=rót+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=róit+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=rót+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=róit+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=rót|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=rót+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=rótu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=róit|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|r|ót}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], rót [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], rót [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], róit [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], róit [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], rót [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], rótu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], rót [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], rót [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], rótu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], róit [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], rót [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], rót [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], rout [dative, masculine, singular, stem], rótaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], rótaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], rót [mutation, mutation-radical], also rrót after a proclitic [mutation, mutation-radical], ending in a vowel [mutation, mutation-radical], rót [mutation, mutation-nasal]
  1. road Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rót-sga-noun-NiooSVLT
  2. highway Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Roads
    Sense id: en-rót-sga-noun-X6iWsvus Disambiguation of Roads: 39 61 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header, Old Irish terms prefixed with ro- Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 9 91 Disambiguation of Old Irish terms prefixed with ro-: 22 78

Download JSONL data for rót meaning in Old Irish (5.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ród"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ród",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ród"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "raad"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: raad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: raad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "rathad"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: rathad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: rathad"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ang"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "gem",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "roade"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English roade",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "road"
      },
      "expansion": "English road",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "/ro.ud/"
      },
      "expansion": "IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/",
      "name": "IPA"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ro-",
        "3": "sét",
        "t1": "very, great",
        "t2": "path"
      },
      "expansion": "ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”)",
      "name": "affix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*φro-sentu-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu-",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "According to Alexander MacBain, a Germanic borrowing from Middle English roade (see modern English road), but 9th century Sanas Cormaic suggests the word was originally disyllabic in Old Irish—rout, IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/—(as it is in Scottish Gaelic rathad), deriving it from ro-ṡét, from ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”), from Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rout",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also rrót after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "rót m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "rót m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "róit",
        "dat_sg": "rout"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "rót+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "rótu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "rót+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "rótaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "rótaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "rout+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "rót",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "rót+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "róit+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "rót+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "róit+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "rót",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "rót+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "rótu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "róit",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "r",
        "2": "ót"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "road"
      ],
      "id": "en-rót-sga-noun-NiooSVLT",
      "links": [
        [
          "road",
          "road"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 91",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 78",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish terms prefixed with ro-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "39 61",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Roads",
          "orig": "sga:Roads",
          "parents": [
            "Road transport",
            "Transport",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "highway"
      ],
      "id": "en-rót-sga-noun-X6iWsvus",
      "links": [
        [
          "highway",
          "highway"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/r͈oːd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rót"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms borrowed from Middle English",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Germanic languages",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Middle English",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Old English",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms prefixed with ro-",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "sga:Roads"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ród"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ród",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ród"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "raad"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: raad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: raad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "rathad"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: rathad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: rathad"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ang"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "gem",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "roade"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English roade",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "road"
      },
      "expansion": "English road",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "/ro.ud/"
      },
      "expansion": "IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/",
      "name": "IPA"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ro-",
        "3": "sét",
        "t1": "very, great",
        "t2": "path"
      },
      "expansion": "ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”)",
      "name": "affix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*φro-sentu-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu-",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "According to Alexander MacBain, a Germanic borrowing from Middle English roade (see modern English road), but 9th century Sanas Cormaic suggests the word was originally disyllabic in Old Irish—rout, IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /ro.ud/—(as it is in Scottish Gaelic rathad), deriving it from ro-ṡét, from ro- (“very, great”) + sét (“path”), from Proto-Celtic *φro-sentu-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "róit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rout",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rótaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also rrót after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rót",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "rót m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "rót m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "róit",
        "dat_sg": "rout"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "rót+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "rótu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "rót+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "rótaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "rótaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "rout+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "rót",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "rót+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "róit+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "rót+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "róit+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "rót",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "rót+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "rótu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "róit",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "r",
        "2": "ót"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "road"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "road",
          "road"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "highway"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "highway",
          "highway"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/r͈oːd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rót"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "rót"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "rót",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.