"rí" meaning in Old Irish

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Noun

IPA: /r͈ʲiː/
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”), which is derived from *h₃reǵ-. Cognates include Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”), राजन् (rājan), and Latin rēx (“king”). Etymology templates: {{der|sga|cel-pro|*rīxs}} Proto-Celtic *rīxs, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*h₃rḗǵs||ruler, king}} Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”), {{cog|sa|राज्||king}} Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”), {{cog|la|rēx||king}} Latin rēx (“king”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|ríg|||||||nominative plural|ríg||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg), {{sga-noun|m|ríg|ríg}} rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-k&g|g|ríg|ríg|g=m}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=ríg+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=ríga|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=ríg+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=g-m|dat_du=rígaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=rígaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=ríg+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=ríg|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=ríg+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=ríg|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=ríg+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=ríg|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=rí|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=ríg+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=ríga|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=rí|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: ríg [genitive], ríg [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], [nominative, singular], ríg [dual, nominative], ríg [nominative, plural], [singular, vocative], ríg [dual, vocative], ríga [plural, vocative], ríg [accusative, singular], ríg [accusative, dual], ríga [accusative, plural], ríg [genitive, singular], ríg [dual, genitive], ríg [genitive, plural], ríg [dative, singular], rígaib [dative, dual], rígaib [dative, plural]
  1. king Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Heads of state, Male people, Monarchy Synonyms: ruiri Derived forms: rígad, rígaid, rígdacht, rígdae Coordinate_terms: rígain (english: queen)
    Sense id: en-rí-sga-noun-6B3-aYQa Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header

Download JSONL data for rí meaning in Old Irish (5.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "rí"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: rí\nIrish: rí\nManx: ree\nScottish Gaelic: rìgh",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: rí\nIrish: rí\nManx: ree\nScottish Gaelic: rìgh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*rīxs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *rīxs",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₃rḗǵs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "ruler, king"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "राज्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "king"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "rēx",
        "3": "",
        "4": "king"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin rēx (“king”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”), which is derived from *h₃reǵ-. Cognates include Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”), राजन् (rājan), and Latin rēx (“king”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-k&g",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "g-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine g-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rígaib",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rígaib",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "ríg",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "ríg",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "ríg",
        "3": "ríg"
      },
      "expansion": "rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "g",
        "2": "ríg",
        "3": "ríg",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-k&g"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "ríg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "ríga",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "ríg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "g-m",
        "dat_du": "rígaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "rígaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "ríg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "ríg",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "ríg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "ríg",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "ríg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "ríg",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "rí",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "ríg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "ríga",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "rí",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Heads of state",
          "orig": "sga:Heads of state",
          "parents": [
            "Government",
            "Positions of authority",
            "Politics",
            "Society",
            "Leaders",
            "Occupations",
            "All topics",
            "People",
            "Work",
            "Fundamental",
            "Human",
            "Human activity",
            "Human behaviour"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Male people",
          "orig": "sga:Male people",
          "parents": [
            "Male",
            "People",
            "Gender",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Psychology",
            "Sociology",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Social sciences",
            "Fundamental",
            "Society"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Monarchy",
          "orig": "sga:Monarchy",
          "parents": [
            "Forms of government",
            "High society",
            "Government",
            "Society",
            "Politics",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "coordinate_terms": [
        {
          "english": "queen",
          "word": "rígain"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "rígad"
        },
        {
          "word": "rígaid"
        },
        {
          "word": "rígdacht"
        },
        {
          "word": "rígdae"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "amtis forbristi ind ríg, glosses principibus oppressis"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "king"
      ],
      "id": "en-rí-sga-noun-6B3-aYQa",
      "links": [
        [
          "king",
          "king"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ruiri"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/r͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rí"
}
{
  "coordinate_terms": [
    {
      "english": "queen",
      "word": "rígain"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "rígad"
    },
    {
      "word": "rígaid"
    },
    {
      "word": "rígdacht"
    },
    {
      "word": "rígdae"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "rí"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: rí\nIrish: rí\nManx: ree\nScottish Gaelic: rìgh",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: rí\nIrish: rí\nManx: ree\nScottish Gaelic: rìgh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*rīxs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *rīxs",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₃rḗǵs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "ruler, king"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "राज्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "king"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "rēx",
        "3": "",
        "4": "king"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin rēx (“king”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“ruler, king”), which is derived from *h₃reǵ-. Cognates include Sanskrit राज् (rāj, “king”), राजन् (rājan), and Latin rēx (“king”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-k&g",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "g-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine g-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ríg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rígaib",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "rígaib",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "ríg",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "ríg",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "ríg",
        "3": "ríg"
      },
      "expansion": "rí m (genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "g",
        "2": "ríg",
        "3": "ríg",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-k&g"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "ríg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "ríga",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "ríg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "g-m",
        "dat_du": "rígaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "rígaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "ríg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "ríg",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "ríg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "ríg",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "ríg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "ríg",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "rí",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "ríg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "ríga",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "rí",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish g-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "sga:Heads of state",
        "sga:Male people",
        "sga:Monarchy"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "amtis forbristi ind ríg, glosses principibus oppressis"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "king"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "king",
          "king"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/r͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ruiri"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rí"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "rí"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "rí",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.