"ifernn" meaning in Old Irish

See ifernn in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Brythonic *ifern, from Vulgar Latin *īferna, from Latin īnfernus. Etymology templates: {{bor|sga|cel-bry-pro|*ifern}} Proto-Brythonic *ifern, {{der|sga|VL.|*īferna}} Vulgar Latin *īferna, {{der|sga|la|īnfernus}} Latin īnfernus Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|ifirnn||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} ifernn m (genitive ifirnn), {{sga-noun|m|ifirnn}} ifernn m (genitive ifirnn) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|ifirnn|dat_sg=ifurnn|n=s}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=ifernn+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=ifernnu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=ifernn+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=ifernnaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=ifernnaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=ifurnn+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=ifernn|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=ifernn+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=ifirnn+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=s|nom_du=ifernn+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=ifirnn+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=ifernn|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=ifernn+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=ifernnu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=ifirnn|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|i|fernn}} Forms: ifirnn [genitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], ifernn [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], - [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], - [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], ifirnn [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], - [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], - [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], ifernn [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], - [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], - [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], ifirnn [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], - [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], - [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], ifurnn [dative, masculine, singular, stem], - [dative, dual, masculine, stem], - [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], ifernn [mutation, mutation-radical], pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments [mutation, mutation-radical], n-ifernn [mutation]
  1. (Christianity) hell Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Christianity
    Sense id: en-ifernn-sga-noun-Dr3DMXt1 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Topics: Christianity

Download JSONL data for ifernn meaning in Old Irish (6.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ifreann"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ifreann",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ifreann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "ifrinn"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: ifrinn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: ifrinn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "niurin"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: niurin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: niurin"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-bry-pro",
        "3": "*ifern"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Brythonic *ifern",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*īferna"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *īferna",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "īnfernus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin īnfernus",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Brythonic *ifern, from Vulgar Latin *īferna, from Latin īnfernus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifurnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ifernn",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "ifirnn",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ifernn m (genitive ifirnn)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "ifirnn"
      },
      "expansion": "ifernn m (genitive ifirnn)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ifirnn",
        "dat_sg": "ifurnn",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "ifernn+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "ifernnu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "ifernn+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "ifernnaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "ifernnaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "ifurnn+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "ifernn",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "ifernn+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "ifirnn+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "ifernn+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "ifirnn+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "ifernn",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "ifernn+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "ifernnu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "ifirnn",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "i",
        "2": "fernn"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Christianity",
          "orig": "sga:Christianity",
          "parents": [
            "Abrahamism",
            "Religion",
            "Culture",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The difference of earthly bodies signifies the different of the punishments that there are for the sinners in Hell.",
          "text": "A ndechor inna corp talmande significat dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib i n-ifurnn.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "They do not praise God in Hell to obtain forgiveness from [Him] that way.",
          "text": ".i. ni molat Dia i n-ifurnn co n-etaitis dilgud ho suidiu tri sodain.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "do dia iffirnn\nto the god of Hell (glossing Latin Orcō (“to Orcus”), referring to the underworld god Orcus)",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "Whatever horse is ridden on Sunday, it is a horse of fire that is between the thighs of its rider in Hell.",
          "roman": "Nach ech ríadar isin domnach, is ech tened bís i ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn.",
          "text": "c. 886, Epistil Ísu, published in \"Cáin Domnaig\", Ériu Vol. 2 (1905), pp. 189-214, edited and with translations by J. G. O'Keeffe, §9",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hell"
      ],
      "id": "en-ifernn-sga-noun-Dr3DMXt1",
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "hell",
          "hell"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) hell"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ifernn"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ifreann"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ifreann",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ifreann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "ifrinn"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: ifrinn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: ifrinn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "niurin"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: niurin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: niurin"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-bry-pro",
        "3": "*ifern"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Brythonic *ifern",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*īferna"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *īferna",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "īnfernus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin īnfernus",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Brythonic *ifern, from Vulgar Latin *īferna, from Latin īnfernus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifirnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifurnn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ifernn",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ifernn",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "ifirnn",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ifernn m (genitive ifirnn)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "ifirnn"
      },
      "expansion": "ifernn m (genitive ifirnn)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ifirnn",
        "dat_sg": "ifurnn",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "ifernn+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "ifernnu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "ifernn+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "ifernnaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "ifernnaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "ifurnn+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "ifernn",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "ifernn+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "ifirnn+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "ifernn+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "ifirnn+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "ifernn",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "ifernn+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "ifernnu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "ifirnn",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "i",
        "2": "fernn"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms borrowed from Proto-Brythonic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Latin",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Brythonic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Vulgar Latin",
        "Old Irish terms with quotations",
        "Old Irish uncountable nouns",
        "sga:Christianity"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The difference of earthly bodies signifies the different of the punishments that there are for the sinners in Hell.",
          "text": "A ndechor inna corp talmande significat dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib i n-ifurnn.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "They do not praise God in Hell to obtain forgiveness from [Him] that way.",
          "text": ".i. ni molat Dia i n-ifurnn co n-etaitis dilgud ho suidiu tri sodain.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "do dia iffirnn\nto the god of Hell (glossing Latin Orcō (“to Orcus”), referring to the underworld god Orcus)",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "Whatever horse is ridden on Sunday, it is a horse of fire that is between the thighs of its rider in Hell.",
          "roman": "Nach ech ríadar isin domnach, is ech tened bís i ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn.",
          "text": "c. 886, Epistil Ísu, published in \"Cáin Domnaig\", Ériu Vol. 2 (1905), pp. 189-214, edited and with translations by J. G. O'Keeffe, §9",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hell"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "hell",
          "hell"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) hell"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ifernn"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "ifernn"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ifernn",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.