"circul" meaning in Old Irish

See circul in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [ˈkʲirkul]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin circulus. Etymology templates: {{bor|sga|la|circulus}} Latin circulus Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} circul m, {{sga-noun|m}} circul m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|circuil|acc_pl=circlu|dat_pl=circlaib}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=circul+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=circlu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=circul+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=circlaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=circlaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=circul+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=circul|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=circul+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=circuil+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=circul+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=circuil+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=circul|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=circul+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=circlu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=circuil|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|c|ircul}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], circul [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], circul [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], circuil [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], circuil [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], circul [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], circlu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], circul [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], circul [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], circlu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], circuil [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], circul [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], circul [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], circul [dative, masculine, singular, stem], circlaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], circlaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], circul [mutation, mutation-radical], chircul [mutation, mutation-nasal], circul [mutation]
  1. circle, orbit, zone Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-circul-sga-noun-zDN9CXW~
  2. hoop (of barrel, vat, etc.) Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Shapes
    Sense id: en-circul-sga-noun-wa9itdMe Disambiguation of Shapes: 35 65 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 7 93

Download JSONL data for circul meaning in Old Irish (5.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "circul"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: circul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: circul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ciorcal"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ciorcal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ciorcal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "kiarkyl"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: kiarkyl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: kiarkyl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "cearcall"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: cearcall",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: cearcall"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "circulus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin circulus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin circulus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chircul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "circul m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "circul m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "circuil",
        "acc_pl": "circlu",
        "dat_pl": "circlaib"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "circul+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "circlu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "circul+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "circlaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "circlaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "circul+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "circul",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "circul+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "circuil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "circul+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "circuil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "circul",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "circul+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "circlu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "circuil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "c",
        "2": "ircul"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Absidias, i.e. circulos, i.e. because it makes a circle in the rising.",
          "text": "Absidias .i. circulos .i. fu bíth do·ṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "circle, orbit, zone"
      ],
      "id": "en-circul-sga-noun-zDN9CXW~",
      "links": [
        [
          "circle",
          "circle"
        ],
        [
          "orbit",
          "orbit"
        ],
        [
          "zone",
          "zone"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "7 93",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "35 65",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Shapes",
          "orig": "sga:Shapes",
          "parents": [
            "Geometry",
            "Mathematics",
            "Formal sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hoop (of barrel, vat, etc.)"
      ],
      "id": "en-circul-sga-noun-wa9itdMe",
      "links": [
        [
          "hoop",
          "hoop"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈkʲirkul]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "circul"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms borrowed from Latin",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Latin",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "sga:Shapes"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "circul"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: circul",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: circul"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ciorcal"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ciorcal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ciorcal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "kiarkyl"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: kiarkyl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: kiarkyl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "cearcall"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: cearcall",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: cearcall"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "circulus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin circulus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin circulus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circuil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circlaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chircul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "circul",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "circul m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "circul m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "circuil",
        "acc_pl": "circlu",
        "dat_pl": "circlaib"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "circul+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "circlu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "circul+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "circlaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "circlaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "circul+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "circul",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "circul+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "circuil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "circul+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "circuil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "circul",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "circul+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "circlu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "circuil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "c",
        "2": "ircul"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Absidias, i.e. circulos, i.e. because it makes a circle in the rising.",
          "text": "Absidias .i. circulos .i. fu bíth do·ṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "circle, orbit, zone"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "circle",
          "circle"
        ],
        [
          "orbit",
          "orbit"
        ],
        [
          "zone",
          "zone"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "hoop (of barrel, vat, etc.)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hoop",
          "hoop"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈkʲirkul]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "circul"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "circul"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "circul",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.