"Laigin" meaning in Old Irish

See Laigin in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Proper name

IPA: [ˈl͈aɣʲinʲ]
Etymology: From the early Celtic tribe the Laigin, probably from láigen (“spear”), which is probably from the same source that gave Celtiberian/Latin lancea (“light spear”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”) More at w:Laigin § Etymology. Etymology templates: {{der|sga|cel|-}} Celtic, {{cog|la|lancea||light spear}} Latin lancea (“light spear”), {{der|sga|ine-pro|*pleh₂k-|t=to hit}} Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”), {{section link|w:Laigin#Etymology}} w:Laigin § Etymology Head templates: {{head|sga|proper noun|g=m-p}} Laigin m pl Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-noun|acc_pl=Laigniu+H|class=o-m|dat_pl=Laignib|gen_pl=Laigen+N|n=p|nom_pl=Laigin+L|voc_pl=Laigniu+H}}, {{sga-mutation|L|aigin}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], - [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], - [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], Laigin [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], - [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], - [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], Laigniu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], - [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], - [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], Laigniu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], - [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], - [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], Laigen [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], - [dative, masculine, singular, stem], - [dative, dual, masculine, stem], Laignib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], Laigin [mutation, mutation-radical], also Llaigin after a proclitic [mutation, mutation-radical], ending in a vowel [mutation, mutation-radical], Laigin [mutation, mutation-nasal]
  1. Leinstermen Tags: masculine, plural
    Sense id: en-Laigin-sga-name-UNBpkgsN
  2. (plural only) Leinster (a province of Ireland) Tags: masculine, plural, plural-only Categories (place): Places in Ireland, Provinces of Ireland
    Sense id: en-Laigin-sga-name-WZW7aZ2p Categories (other): Old Irish pluralia tantum
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: Connachta, Mumu, Ulaid

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for Laigin meaning in Old Irish (5.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "Laigin"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: Laigin\nIrish: Laighin\nManx: Lion\nScottish Gaelic: Laighean",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: Laigin\nIrish: Laighin\nManx: Lion\nScottish Gaelic: Laighean"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "Lagenia",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Latin: Lagenia",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Latin: Lagenia"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Celtic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "lancea",
        "3": "",
        "4": "light spear"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin lancea (“light spear”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pleh₂k-",
        "t": "to hit"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "w:Laigin#Etymology"
      },
      "expansion": "w:Laigin § Etymology",
      "name": "section link"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From the early Celtic tribe the Laigin, probably from láigen (“spear”), which is probably from the same source that gave Celtiberian/Latin lancea (“light spear”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”) More at w:Laigin § Etymology.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigniu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigniu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigen",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laignib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also Llaigin after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "g": "m-p"
      },
      "expansion": "Laigin m pl",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_pl": "Laigniu+H",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_pl": "Laignib",
        "gen_pl": "Laigen+N",
        "n": "p",
        "nom_pl": "Laigin+L",
        "voc_pl": "Laigniu+H"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "L",
        "2": "aigin"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "name",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Connachta"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Mumu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Ulaid"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Fiacc is thereafter the first bishop among the Leinstermen to be ordained.",
          "text": "Is hé iarom in Fíacc sin epscop citaroir[d]ned la Laigniu.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Leinstermen"
      ],
      "id": "en-Laigin-sga-name-UNBpkgsN",
      "links": [
        [
          "Leinstermen",
          "Leinstermen"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish pluralia tantum",
          "parents": [
            "Pluralia tantum",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Places in Ireland",
          "orig": "sga:Places in Ireland",
          "parents": [
            "Places",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Provinces of Ireland",
          "orig": "sga:Provinces of Ireland",
          "parents": [
            "Provinces",
            "Places",
            "Political subdivisions",
            "Names",
            "Polities",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Leinster (a province of Ireland)"
      ],
      "id": "en-Laigin-sga-name-WZW7aZ2p",
      "links": [
        [
          "Leinster",
          "Leinster#English"
        ],
        [
          "province",
          "province"
        ],
        [
          "Ireland",
          "Ireland#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(plural only) Leinster (a province of Ireland)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "plural-only"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈl͈aɣʲinʲ]"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Laigin"
  ],
  "word": "Laigin"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish pluralia tantum",
    "Old Irish proper nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Celtic languages",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "Laigin"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: Laigin\nIrish: Laighin\nManx: Lion\nScottish Gaelic: Laighean",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: Laigin\nIrish: Laighin\nManx: Lion\nScottish Gaelic: Laighean"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "Lagenia",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Latin: Lagenia",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Latin: Lagenia"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Celtic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "lancea",
        "3": "",
        "4": "light spear"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin lancea (“light spear”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pleh₂k-",
        "t": "to hit"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "w:Laigin#Etymology"
      },
      "expansion": "w:Laigin § Etymology",
      "name": "section link"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From the early Celtic tribe the Laigin, probably from láigen (“spear”), which is probably from the same source that gave Celtiberian/Latin lancea (“light spear”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (“to hit”) More at w:Laigin § Etymology.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigniu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigniu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigen",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laignib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also Llaigin after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Laigin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "g": "m-p"
      },
      "expansion": "Laigin m pl",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_pl": "Laigniu+H",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_pl": "Laignib",
        "gen_pl": "Laigen+N",
        "n": "p",
        "nom_pl": "Laigin+L",
        "voc_pl": "Laigniu+H"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "L",
        "2": "aigin"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "name",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "Connachta"
    },
    {
      "word": "Mumu"
    },
    {
      "word": "Ulaid"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Fiacc is thereafter the first bishop among the Leinstermen to be ordained.",
          "text": "Is hé iarom in Fíacc sin epscop citaroir[d]ned la Laigniu.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Leinstermen"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Leinstermen",
          "Leinstermen"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish pluralia tantum",
        "sga:Places in Ireland",
        "sga:Provinces of Ireland"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Leinster (a province of Ireland)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Leinster",
          "Leinster#English"
        ],
        [
          "province",
          "province"
        ],
        [
          "Ireland",
          "Ireland#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(plural only) Leinster (a province of Ireland)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "plural-only"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈl͈aɣʲinʲ]"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Laigin"
  ],
  "word": "Laigin"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "Laigin"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "proper noun",
  "title": "Laigin",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.