"Aengus" meaning in Middle Irish

See Aengus in All languages combined

Proper name

Etymology: From Old Irish Oíngus, from oín (“one”), from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”). The etymology of the second element is disputed; most likely it is gus (“strength, vigour”), from Proto-Celtic *gustu-, or it may be from Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”). Etymology templates: {{root|mga|ine-pro|*ǵews-}}, {{inh|mga|sga|Oíngus}} Old Irish Oíngus, {{m|sga|oín||one}} oín (“one”), {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*oinos}} Proto-Celtic *oinos, {{inh|mga|ine-pro|*óynos||single, one}} Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”), {{m|sga|gus||strength, vigour}} gus (“strength, vigour”), {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*gustu-}} Proto-Celtic *gustu-, {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*gus-||choose}} Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”) Head templates: {{head|mga|proper noun|genitive|Aengusa|g=m}} Aengus m (genitive Aengusa) Inflection templates: {{mga-mutation|A|engus}} Forms: Aengusa [genitive], [table-tags], Aengus [mutation, mutation-radical], nAengus [mutation, mutation-nasal]
  1. (Irish mythology) The Gaelic god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration, son of the Dagdae and Boann of the Túatha Dé Danann. Tags: Irish, masculine Categories (topical): Irish mythology
    Sense id: Aengus-mga-name-W3sdd93i Topics: human-sciences, mysticism, mythology, philosophy, sciences
  2. A male given name, corresponding to Angus. Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Middle Irish given names, Middle Irish male given names
    Sense id: Aengus-mga-name-4pZJh3wN

Download JSON data for Aengus meaning in Middle Irish (3.5kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵews-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "Oíngus"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish Oíngus",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "oín",
        "3": "",
        "4": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "oín (“one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*oinos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *oinos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*óynos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "single, one"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "gus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "strength, vigour"
      },
      "expansion": "gus (“strength, vigour”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gustu-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gustu-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gus-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "choose"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish Oíngus, from oín (“one”), from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”). The etymology of the second element is disputed; most likely it is gus (“strength, vigour”), from Proto-Celtic *gustu-, or it may be from Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "Aengusa",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Aengus",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nAengus",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "Aengusa",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Aengus m (genitive Aengusa)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "A",
        "2": "engus"
      },
      "name": "mga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "mga",
          "name": "Irish mythology",
          "orig": "mga:Irish mythology",
          "parents": [
            "Celtic mythology",
            "Ireland",
            "Mythology",
            "British Isles",
            "Europe",
            "Culture",
            "Islands",
            "Earth",
            "Eurasia",
            "Society",
            "List of sets",
            "Places",
            "Nature",
            "All topics",
            "All sets",
            "Names",
            "Fundamental",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The Gaelic god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration, son of the Dagdae and Boann of the Túatha Dé Danann."
      ],
      "id": "Aengus-mga-name-W3sdd93i",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Irish mythology) The Gaelic god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration, son of the Dagdae and Boann of the Túatha Dé Danann."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Irish",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "mysticism",
        "mythology",
        "philosophy",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Middle Irish given names",
          "parents": [
            "Given names",
            "Names",
            "All sets",
            "List of sets",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Middle Irish male given names",
          "parents": [
            "Male given names",
            "Given names",
            "Names",
            "All sets",
            "List of sets",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A male given name, corresponding to Angus."
      ],
      "id": "Aengus-mga-name-4pZJh3wN",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "A male given name, corresponding to Angus."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "Aengus"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Irish lemmas",
    "Middle Irish masculine nouns",
    "Middle Irish proper nouns",
    "Middle Irish terms derived from Old Irish",
    "Middle Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Middle Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Middle Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵews-",
    "Middle Irish terms inherited from Old Irish",
    "Middle Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Middle Irish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵews-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "Oíngus"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish Oíngus",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "oín",
        "3": "",
        "4": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "oín (“one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*oinos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *oinos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*óynos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "single, one"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "gus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "strength, vigour"
      },
      "expansion": "gus (“strength, vigour”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gustu-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gustu-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gus-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "choose"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish Oíngus, from oín (“one”), from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (“single, one”). The etymology of the second element is disputed; most likely it is gus (“strength, vigour”), from Proto-Celtic *gustu-, or it may be from Proto-Celtic *gus- (“choose”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "Aengusa",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Aengus",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nAengus",
      "source": "Mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "Aengusa",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Aengus m (genitive Aengusa)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "A",
        "2": "engus"
      },
      "name": "mga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "mga:Irish mythology"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The Gaelic god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration, son of the Dagdae and Boann of the Túatha Dé Danann."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Irish mythology) The Gaelic god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration, son of the Dagdae and Boann of the Túatha Dé Danann."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Irish",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "mysticism",
        "mythology",
        "philosophy",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Irish given names",
        "Middle Irish male given names"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A male given name, corresponding to Angus."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "A male given name, corresponding to Angus."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "Oéngus"
    }
  ],
  "word": "Aengus"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Middle Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-05-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-05-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.