"εσύ" meaning in Greek

See εσύ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

IPA: /eˈsi/, [e̞ˈs̠i] Forms: esý [romanization]
Etymology: From Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú), from Ancient Greek σύ (sú), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Etymology templates: {{inh|el|gkm|ἐσύ}} Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú), {{inh|el|grc|σύ}} Ancient Greek σύ (sú), {{inh|el|ine-pro|*túh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ Head templates: {{head|el|pronoun form|strong personal pronoun}} εσύ • (esý) (strong personal pronoun)
  1. you Tags: personal, pronoun, strong Synonyms: 'σύ ('sý) [contraction], 'συ ('sy) [contraction]
    Sense id: en-εσύ-el-pron-uwNHpGjZ Categories (other): Greek entries with incorrect language header, Greek personal pronouns Related terms: strong, weak, nominative, εσύ •, , εσείς •, genitive, εσένα •, σου • †, εσάς •, σας • †, accusative, σε •, σας •, vocative, † These terms double as possessive pronouns. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ (egó) (english: I)

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for εσύ meaning in Greek (2.1kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "ἐσύ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "σύ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σύ (sú)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *túh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú), from Ancient Greek σύ (sú), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "esý",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun form",
        "3": "strong personal pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "εσύ • (esý) (strong personal pronoun)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Greek personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You love me.",
          "roman": "Esý me agapás.",
          "text": "Εσύ με αγαπάς.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "You, come here!",
          "roman": "Éla edó esý!",
          "text": "Έλα εδώ εσύ!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you"
      ],
      "id": "en-εσύ-el-pron-uwNHpGjZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "strong"
        },
        {
          "word": "weak"
        },
        {
          "word": "nominative"
        },
        {
          "word": "εσύ •"
        },
        {
          "word": "—"
        },
        {
          "word": "εσείς •"
        },
        {
          "word": "genitive"
        },
        {
          "word": "εσένα •"
        },
        {
          "word": "σου • †"
        },
        {
          "word": "εσάς •"
        },
        {
          "word": "σας • †"
        },
        {
          "word": "accusative"
        },
        {
          "word": "σε •"
        },
        {
          "word": "σας •"
        },
        {
          "word": "vocative"
        },
        {
          "english": "I",
          "roman": "egó",
          "word": "† These terms double as possessive pronouns. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "roman": "'sý",
          "tags": [
            "contraction"
          ],
          "word": "'σύ"
        },
        {
          "roman": "'sy",
          "tags": [
            "contraction"
          ],
          "word": "'συ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/eˈsi/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[e̞ˈs̠i]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "εσύ"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "gkm",
        "3": "ἐσύ"
      },
      "expansion": "Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "σύ"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σύ (sú)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *túh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Byzantine Greek ἐσύ (esú), from Ancient Greek σύ (sú), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "esý",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "el",
        "2": "pronoun form",
        "3": "strong personal pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "εσύ • (esý) (strong personal pronoun)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Greek",
  "lang_code": "el",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "strong"
    },
    {
      "word": "weak"
    },
    {
      "word": "nominative"
    },
    {
      "word": "εσύ •"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "εσείς •"
    },
    {
      "word": "genitive"
    },
    {
      "word": "εσένα •"
    },
    {
      "word": "σου • †"
    },
    {
      "word": "εσάς •"
    },
    {
      "word": "σας • †"
    },
    {
      "word": "accusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "σε •"
    },
    {
      "word": "σας •"
    },
    {
      "word": "vocative"
    },
    {
      "english": "I",
      "roman": "egó",
      "word": "† These terms double as possessive pronouns. All personal pronoun forms are displayed at εγώ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Greek entries with incorrect language header",
        "Greek non-lemma forms",
        "Greek personal pronouns",
        "Greek pronoun forms",
        "Greek terms derived from Ancient Greek",
        "Greek terms derived from Byzantine Greek",
        "Greek terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Greek terms inherited from Ancient Greek",
        "Greek terms inherited from Byzantine Greek",
        "Greek terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Greek terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Greek terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You love me.",
          "roman": "Esý me agapás.",
          "text": "Εσύ με αγαπάς.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "You, come here!",
          "roman": "Éla edó esý!",
          "text": "Έλα εδώ εσύ!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/eˈsi/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[e̞ˈs̠i]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "'sý",
      "tags": [
        "contraction"
      ],
      "word": "'σύ"
    },
    {
      "roman": "'sy",
      "tags": [
        "contraction"
      ],
      "word": "'συ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "εσύ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Greek dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.