"dehortative" meaning in English

See dehortative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /diːˈhɔːtətɪv/ [UK] Forms: more dehortative [comparative], most dehortative [superlative]
Head templates: {{en-adj}} dehortative (comparative more dehortative, superlative most dehortative)
  1. Dissuasive.
    Sense id: en-dehortative-en-adj-hKOoKgmx
  2. (grammar) Indicating a negative imperative or cautionary sense. Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-dehortative-en-adj-W2PXjSIj Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 3 40 23 33 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Noun

IPA: /diːˈhɔːtətɪv/ [UK] Forms: dehortatives [plural]
Head templates: {{en-noun}} dehortative (plural dehortatives)
  1. Anything that serves to dissuade; a disincentive or discouragement.
    Sense id: en-dehortative-en-noun-P120Jggx Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 3 40 23 33
  2. (grammar) A syntactic marker, word, or phrase that indicates a dehortative sense. Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-dehortative-en-noun-Rl3n12y6 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 3 40 23 33 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for dehortative meaning in English (7.9kB)

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more dehortative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most dehortative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dehortative (comparative more dehortative, superlative most dehortative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1853, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Notes on English Divines, page 252",
          "text": "But the words of the Apostle (it will be said) are exhortative and dehortative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1864, John Tyndal, Review of Speeches on Union in the Free Church General Assembly of 1863, page 52",
          "text": "He was plainly oblivious of the dehortative mandate, ' Let us not do evil that good may come,' and appeared to have no dread of the 'just damnation' of those who do it.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, Jeffrey A. Hammond, The American Puritan Elegy: A Literary and Cultural Study, page 99",
          "text": "This text, which underscored the communal and dehortative dimensions of Puritan elegy, was immediately followed by the miracle of the feeding, a biblical analogy to the elegiac swerve from death to renewed life.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock, Spectral America: Phantoms and the National Imagination, page 45",
          "text": "Many elegies contain stylized accounts of peaceful deaths that offered a dehortative contrast to the grief-stricken panic of the living.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Dissuasive."
      ],
      "id": "en-dehortative-en-adj-hKOoKgmx",
      "links": [
        [
          "Dissuasive",
          "dissuasive"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 40 23 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1970, R. C.. Green, Marion Kelly, Studies in Oceanic Culture History, page 124",
          "text": "The dehortative verb typically occurs preceding a subordinate verb, as Samoan ? aua ne ?i galo, Maori kaua e wareware 'don't forget!'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, page 273",
          "text": "The few adjectives that can be marked for dehortative or apprehensive mood are all physical property or human propensity adjectives.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita, page 854",
          "text": "For the sake of simplicity, the dehortative subject markers are treated as unanalyzed wholes;",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Indicating a negative imperative or cautionary sense."
      ],
      "id": "en-dehortative-en-adj-W2PXjSIj",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Indicating",
          "indicate"
        ],
        [
          "negative",
          "negative"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative"
        ],
        [
          "cautionary",
          "cautionary"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Indicating a negative imperative or cautionary sense."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/diːˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dehortative"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dehortatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dehortative (plural dehortatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "3 40 23 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1828, Leigh Hunt, Lord Byron and some of his contemporaries, page 182",
          "text": "My father taking me to see Dr. Raine, Master of the Charter House, the doctor, who was very kind and pleasant, but who probably drew none of our deductions in favour of the young writer's abilitites, warned me against the perils of authorship; adding, as a final dehortative, that \" the shelves were full.\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1850, Andrew Amos, On the Expediency of admitting the Testimony of Parties to Suits, page 80",
          "text": "There can, it is submitted, be no question that the prestige of a trial in Westminster Hall, before one of the ermined Quindecemviri, with the pomp and circumstance of a jury, a large inquisitive crowd, a row of reporters, eager to notify to a hundred towns every backsliding of a witness, are appliances to morality, dehortatives of perjury wanting in County Courts.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1874, Lord Henry Cockburn Cockburn, Lord Cockburn's Works, page 387",
          "text": "Referring to this admonition, he says, in another part of the preceding letter, \"I hope you got (naming the poem) back in safety, and have softened my dehortative to the ingenious, and, I am persuaded, amiable author.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1879 May 24, George Saintsbury, “Ravelais et son Œuvre. Par Jean Fleary.”, in The Academy, volume 15, page 451",
          "text": "One might almost say that the whole thing was an allurement instead of a dehortative from metaphysics.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Anything that serves to dissuade; a disincentive or discouragement."
      ],
      "id": "en-dehortative-en-noun-P120Jggx",
      "links": [
        [
          "dissuade",
          "dissuade"
        ],
        [
          "disincentive",
          "disincentive"
        ],
        [
          "discouragement",
          "discouragement"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 40 23 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1996, Malcolm Ross, Studies in Languages of New Britain and New Ireland, page 270",
          "text": "The dehortative is essentially a negative imperative in most cases, but can be used with all persons in the sense of 'should not', 'must not' or 'let not'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, page 273",
          "text": "An example of a context where a dehortative may be acceptable with an adjective is with mate 'die, be dead'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita, page 854",
          "text": "The only spontaneous instance of a dehortative recorded is the one in (20-47) below.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014, Sidney Herbert Ray, A Comparative Study of the Melanesian Island Languages, page 252",
          "text": "Mbi is also used as a dehortative instead of the negative re: ko mbi tegi ― don't cry ( for ko tegi re); ko mbi la — don't do it.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2020, Anna Franca Plastina, Social-Ecological Resilience to Climate Change, page 22",
          "text": "As indicated in example (10), the renown young environmentalist, Greta Thunberg, uses the dehortative don't want you to for the apparent purpose of seeking to discourage the US political representatives from accepting her environmental discourse of climate change. The real function of the dehortative is, however, to strengthen the exhortative want you to, which is meant to attract the listeners' attention in order to urge them to manifestly support the scientific discourse of climate change and, thereby, take immediate action.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A syntactic marker, word, or phrase that indicates a dehortative sense."
      ],
      "id": "en-dehortative-en-noun-Rl3n12y6",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "syntactic",
          "syntactic"
        ],
        [
          "marker",
          "marker"
        ],
        [
          "word",
          "word"
        ],
        [
          "phrase",
          "phrase"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A syntactic marker, word, or phrase that indicates a dehortative sense."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/diːˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dehortative"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more dehortative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most dehortative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dehortative (comparative more dehortative, superlative most dehortative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1853, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Notes on English Divines, page 252",
          "text": "But the words of the Apostle (it will be said) are exhortative and dehortative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1864, John Tyndal, Review of Speeches on Union in the Free Church General Assembly of 1863, page 52",
          "text": "He was plainly oblivious of the dehortative mandate, ' Let us not do evil that good may come,' and appeared to have no dread of the 'just damnation' of those who do it.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, Jeffrey A. Hammond, The American Puritan Elegy: A Literary and Cultural Study, page 99",
          "text": "This text, which underscored the communal and dehortative dimensions of Puritan elegy, was immediately followed by the miracle of the feeding, a biblical analogy to the elegiac swerve from death to renewed life.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock, Spectral America: Phantoms and the National Imagination, page 45",
          "text": "Many elegies contain stylized accounts of peaceful deaths that offered a dehortative contrast to the grief-stricken panic of the living.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Dissuasive."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Dissuasive",
          "dissuasive"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1970, R. C.. Green, Marion Kelly, Studies in Oceanic Culture History, page 124",
          "text": "The dehortative verb typically occurs preceding a subordinate verb, as Samoan ? aua ne ?i galo, Maori kaua e wareware 'don't forget!'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, page 273",
          "text": "The few adjectives that can be marked for dehortative or apprehensive mood are all physical property or human propensity adjectives.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita, page 854",
          "text": "For the sake of simplicity, the dehortative subject markers are treated as unanalyzed wholes;",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Indicating a negative imperative or cautionary sense."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Indicating",
          "indicate"
        ],
        [
          "negative",
          "negative"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative"
        ],
        [
          "cautionary",
          "cautionary"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Indicating a negative imperative or cautionary sense."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/diːˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dehortative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dehortatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dehortative (plural dehortatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1828, Leigh Hunt, Lord Byron and some of his contemporaries, page 182",
          "text": "My father taking me to see Dr. Raine, Master of the Charter House, the doctor, who was very kind and pleasant, but who probably drew none of our deductions in favour of the young writer's abilitites, warned me against the perils of authorship; adding, as a final dehortative, that \" the shelves were full.\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1850, Andrew Amos, On the Expediency of admitting the Testimony of Parties to Suits, page 80",
          "text": "There can, it is submitted, be no question that the prestige of a trial in Westminster Hall, before one of the ermined Quindecemviri, with the pomp and circumstance of a jury, a large inquisitive crowd, a row of reporters, eager to notify to a hundred towns every backsliding of a witness, are appliances to morality, dehortatives of perjury wanting in County Courts.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1874, Lord Henry Cockburn Cockburn, Lord Cockburn's Works, page 387",
          "text": "Referring to this admonition, he says, in another part of the preceding letter, \"I hope you got (naming the poem) back in safety, and have softened my dehortative to the ingenious, and, I am persuaded, amiable author.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1879 May 24, George Saintsbury, “Ravelais et son Œuvre. Par Jean Fleary.”, in The Academy, volume 15, page 451",
          "text": "One might almost say that the whole thing was an allurement instead of a dehortative from metaphysics.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Anything that serves to dissuade; a disincentive or discouragement."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "dissuade",
          "dissuade"
        ],
        [
          "disincentive",
          "disincentive"
        ],
        [
          "discouragement",
          "discouragement"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1996, Malcolm Ross, Studies in Languages of New Britain and New Ireland, page 270",
          "text": "The dehortative is essentially a negative imperative in most cases, but can be used with all persons in the sense of 'should not', 'must not' or 'let not'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2004, R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, page 273",
          "text": "An example of a context where a dehortative may be acceptable with an adjective is with mate 'die, be dead'.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita, page 854",
          "text": "The only spontaneous instance of a dehortative recorded is the one in (20-47) below.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014, Sidney Herbert Ray, A Comparative Study of the Melanesian Island Languages, page 252",
          "text": "Mbi is also used as a dehortative instead of the negative re: ko mbi tegi ― don't cry ( for ko tegi re); ko mbi la — don't do it.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2020, Anna Franca Plastina, Social-Ecological Resilience to Climate Change, page 22",
          "text": "As indicated in example (10), the renown young environmentalist, Greta Thunberg, uses the dehortative don't want you to for the apparent purpose of seeking to discourage the US political representatives from accepting her environmental discourse of climate change. The real function of the dehortative is, however, to strengthen the exhortative want you to, which is meant to attract the listeners' attention in order to urge them to manifestly support the scientific discourse of climate change and, thereby, take immediate action.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A syntactic marker, word, or phrase that indicates a dehortative sense."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "syntactic",
          "syntactic"
        ],
        [
          "marker",
          "marker"
        ],
        [
          "word",
          "word"
        ],
        [
          "phrase",
          "phrase"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A syntactic marker, word, or phrase that indicates a dehortative sense."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/diːˈhɔːtətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dehortative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.