"backshift" meaning in English

See backshift in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Forms: backshifts [plural]
Etymology: back + shift Etymology templates: {{compound|en|back|shift}} back + shift Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} backshift (countable and uncountable, plural backshifts)
  1. (grammar) The changing of the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-backshift-en-noun-W2K27Qr7 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  2. (statistics) A function on a stochastic process whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Statistics
    Sense id: en-backshift-en-noun-fZOutmYf Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 19 61 20 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 19 60 21 Topics: mathematics, sciences, statistics

Verb

Forms: backshifts [present, singular, third-person], backshifting [participle, present], backshifted [participle, past], backshifted [past]
Etymology: back + shift Etymology templates: {{compound|en|back|shift}} back + shift Head templates: {{en-verb}} backshift (third-person singular simple present backshifts, present participle backshifting, simple past and past participle backshifted)
  1. (grammar, transitive) To change the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech. Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-backshift-en-verb-MGGaumVy Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for backshift meaning in English (3.7kB)

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  "etymology_text": "back + shift",
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        "(grammar) The changing of the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech."
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        "A function on a stochastic process whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process."
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      "raw_glosses": [
        "(statistics) A function on a stochastic process whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process."
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    },
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    },
    {
      "form": "backshifted",
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      ]
    },
    {
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        "(grammar, transitive) To change the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech."
      ],
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        "(statistics) A function on a stochastic process whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process."
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      "form": "backshifted",
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        "To change the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech."
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This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.