"absolute state" meaning in English

See absolute state in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/ [US], /ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/ [US] Forms: absolute states [plural]
Etymology: Calque of Latin status absolūtus. Etymology templates: {{calque|en|la|status absolūtus}} Calque of Latin status absolūtus Head templates: {{en-noun}} absolute state (plural absolute states)
  1. (grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.
    (rare) To sum the indeterminate state and the determinate state in one term.
    Tags: rare Categories (topical): Grammar, Semitic linguistics
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-g-GYcPIT Disambiguation of Semitic linguistics: 17 19 18 17 14 10 3 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 20 18 20 12 13 9 5 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  2. (grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.
    To denote the only state not construct state as in the binary state system of Ugaritic.
    Categories (topical): Grammar, Semitic linguistics
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-X-YJS5Lp Disambiguation of Semitic linguistics: 17 19 18 17 14 10 3 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 20 18 20 12 13 9 5 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  3. (grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.
    Denotes the indeterminate state in Aramaic, even though it also has a determinate state called emphatic state.
    Categories (topical): Grammar, Semitic linguistics
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-9f0MRaAC Disambiguation of Semitic linguistics: 17 19 18 17 14 10 3 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 20 18 20 12 13 9 5 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  4. (grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.
    Denotes an infrequent endingless state in Akkadian used for predicative sentences, adverbially used nouns and vocative expressions (in which cases Arabic would use the accusative case), contrasting with the governed state and the construct state.
    Categories (topical): Grammar, Semitic linguistics
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-Zy-I8A0~ Disambiguation of Semitic linguistics: 17 19 18 17 14 10 3 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 20 18 20 12 13 9 5 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  5. (grammar) In Egyptian, including Coptic, a form of a verb necessitated by its regimen if this does not require the nominal state or pronominal state. Categories (topical): Grammar, Semitic linguistics
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-Qx4mceTE Disambiguation of Semitic linguistics: 17 19 18 17 14 10 3 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 20 18 20 12 13 9 5 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  6. (grammar) In Berber languages, an unmarked form and hence citation form of a noun similar to the absolutive of ergative languages, varying in usage cases per specific language but generally described as used for topicalized subjects of sentences – default word order being VSO –, nominal predicates and direct objects. Categories (topical): Grammar Synonyms: status absolutus, free state, unbound state
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-byenhXNG Categories (other): Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 15 20 18 16 19 11 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Translations (in Semitic languages, the condition of a noun that is not grammatically linked to another noun): estado absoluto [masculine] (Portuguese)
Etymology number: 1 Disambiguation of 'in Semitic languages, the condition of a noun that is not grammatically linked to another noun': 23 23 23 23 4 4

Noun

IPA: /ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/ [US], /ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/ [US] Forms: absolute states [plural]
Etymology: From absolute + state. Etymology templates: {{compound|en|absolute|state|nocat=1}} absolute + state Head templates: {{en-noun}} absolute state (plural absolute states)
  1. A state with absolute sovereignty and authority, in contrast with e.g. a feudal state.
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-J5SRWHEX
  2. (Internet slang, originally UK, Ireland) A particularly dishevelled, sorry or contemptible condition. Tags: Internet, Ireland
    Sense id: en-absolute_state-en-noun-rBEdxoSz Categories (other): British English, Irish English
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for absolute state meaning in English (15.6kB)

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    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "annexed state"
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        {
          "word": "bound state"
        }
      ],
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        ],
        [
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        ],
        [
          "citation form",
          "citation form"
        ],
        [
          "absolutive",
          "absolutive#English"
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        [
          "ergative",
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        [
          "topicalize",
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      "ipa": "/ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/",
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    },
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  ],
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    {
      "_dis1": "23 23 23 23 4 4",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in Semitic languages, the condition of a noun that is not grammatically linked to another noun",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "estado absoluto"
    }
  ],
  "word": "absolute state"
}

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      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1898, Henry Gaullieur, The Paternal State in France and Germany, Harper & brothers, page 45",
          "text": "In France, where originally the king had only a very small estate, no power, and no army except his personal followers, the absolute state did not exist before the sixteenth century; for the French parliaments were still powerful in the fourteenth century, as we see by their records.",
          "type": "quotation"
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        {
          "ref": "1922, Hugo Krabbe, The Modern Idea of the State, M. Nijhoff, page xix",
          "text": "The theory of sovereignty was an invaluable weapon in the hands of the monarch in his contest with the other claimants to authority; it gave a theoretical foundation for the emerging national absolute state, and it clearly forecast the line that political evolution was to follow.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1968, Gerhard Ritter, Frederick the Great: a Historical Profile, University of California Press, page 2",
          "text": "The truly absolute state, organized without regard for privilege and tradition, disposing over the property and life of all its subjects according to its own interests, was established not under the monarchies, but by the modern democracies.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1991, Jacques Kornberg, “Dilthey's Introduction to the Human Sciences: Liberal Social Thought in the Second Reich”, in In the Presence of the Past: Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel, Springer Science+Business Media, page 258",
          "text": "Roman Law recognized the absolute state and the individual's private rights; it did not acknowledge the legal inviolability of group life.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1999, Henk van Dijk, “State Borders in Geography and History”, in Nationalising and Denationalising European Border Regions, Springer Science+Business Media, page 21",
          "text": "Tribal states, which existed for instance in early medieval European society, differed from the absolute state which developed since the late Middle Ages and had its zenith in the absolute monarchies of the seventeenth century.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, E. Herbert Norman, Japan's Emergence as a Modern State: Political and Economic Problems of the Meiji Period, University of British Columbia Press, page 3",
          "text": "Although several subsidiary subjects have been touched upon, the central problem throughout has been to explain the rapid creation of a centralized, absolute state after the Meiji Restoration (1868), and the growth of an industrial economy under conditions of state patronage and control.",
          "type": "quotation"
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      ],
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        {
          "text": "The absolute state of the West",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2015 February 11, Trev Downey, “Reasons to Believe”, in The Liverpool Offside",
          "text": "The absolute state of you, Downey, you utter twonk. Like you have anything to do with the outcome of the bloody match! You need to confine this superstition malarkey to a flaming skip.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2016 December 30, Meher Mirza, “The Essential Guide To Combating A Hangover In Mumbai”, in The City Story",
          "text": "Just like mum used to make – without the lecture at the absolute state of you!",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2017 August 3, Oliver Astley, “The beautiful baby snow leopards which are now at Twycross Zoo”, in DerbyshireLive, the online edition of the Derby Telegraph",
          "text": "The absolute state of you! How did you get that dirty that quickly?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particularly dishevelled, sorry or contemptible condition."
      ],
      "id": "en-absolute_state-en-noun-rBEdxoSz",
      "links": [
        [
          "Internet",
          "Internet"
        ],
        [
          "slang",
          "slang"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Internet slang, originally UK, Ireland) A particularly dishevelled, sorry or contemptible condition."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Internet",
        "Ireland"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "absolute state"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English multiword terms",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms calqued from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "en:Semitic linguistics"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "status absolūtus"
      },
      "expansion": "Calque of Latin status absolūtus",
      "name": "calque"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Calque of Latin status absolūtus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "absolute states",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "absolute state (plural absolute states)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with rare senses",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "To sum the indeterminate state and the determinate state in one term."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Semitic",
          "Semitic"
        ],
        [
          "construct state",
          "construct state"
        ],
        [
          "indeterminate state",
          "indeterminate state#English"
        ],
        [
          "determinate state",
          "determinate state#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "(rare) To sum the indeterminate state and the determinate state in one term."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "rare"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "To denote the only state not construct state as in the binary state system of Ugaritic."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Semitic",
          "Semitic"
        ],
        [
          "construct state",
          "construct state"
        ],
        [
          "Ugaritic",
          "Ugaritic#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "To denote the only state not construct state as in the binary state system of Ugaritic."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "Denotes the indeterminate state in Aramaic, even though it also has a determinate state called emphatic state."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Semitic",
          "Semitic"
        ],
        [
          "construct state",
          "construct state"
        ],
        [
          "indeterminate state",
          "indeterminate state#English"
        ],
        [
          "Aramaic",
          "Aramaic#English"
        ],
        [
          "determinate state",
          "determinate state#English"
        ],
        [
          "emphatic state",
          "emphatic state#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "Denotes the indeterminate state in Aramaic, even though it also has a determinate state called emphatic state."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "Denotes an infrequent endingless state in Akkadian used for predicative sentences, adverbially used nouns and vocative expressions (in which cases Arabic would use the accusative case), contrasting with the governed state and the construct state."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Semitic",
          "Semitic"
        ],
        [
          "construct state",
          "construct state"
        ],
        [
          "Akkadian",
          "Akkadian#English"
        ],
        [
          "predicative",
          "predicative#English"
        ],
        [
          "adverbially",
          "adverbially#English"
        ],
        [
          "vocative",
          "vocative#English"
        ],
        [
          "accusative",
          "accusative#English"
        ],
        [
          "governed state",
          "governed state#English"
        ],
        [
          "construct state",
          "construct state#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state.",
        "Denotes an infrequent endingless state in Akkadian used for predicative sentences, adverbially used nouns and vocative expressions (in which cases Arabic would use the accusative case), contrasting with the governed state and the construct state."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Egyptian, including Coptic, a form of a verb necessitated by its regimen if this does not require the nominal state or pronominal state."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Egyptian",
          "Egyptian"
        ],
        [
          "Coptic",
          "Coptic"
        ],
        [
          "regimen",
          "regimen"
        ],
        [
          "nominal state",
          "nominal state#English"
        ],
        [
          "pronominal state",
          "pronominal state#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Egyptian, including Coptic, a form of a verb necessitated by its regimen if this does not require the nominal state or pronominal state."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "annexed state"
        },
        {
          "word": "bound state"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In Berber languages, an unmarked form and hence citation form of a noun similar to the absolutive of ergative languages, varying in usage cases per specific language but generally described as used for topicalized subjects of sentences – default word order being VSO –, nominal predicates and direct objects."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Berber",
          "Berber"
        ],
        [
          "unmarked",
          "unmarked"
        ],
        [
          "citation form",
          "citation form"
        ],
        [
          "absolutive",
          "absolutive#English"
        ],
        [
          "ergative",
          "ergative#English"
        ],
        [
          "topicalize",
          "topicalize"
        ],
        [
          "subject",
          "subject"
        ],
        [
          "sentence",
          "sentence"
        ],
        [
          "VSO",
          "VSO"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ],
        [
          "direct object",
          "direct object"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In Berber languages, an unmarked form and hence citation form of a noun similar to the absolutive of ergative languages, varying in usage cases per specific language but generally described as used for topicalized subjects of sentences – default word order being VSO –, nominal predicates and direct objects."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "status absolutus"
        },
        {
          "word": "free state"
        },
        {
          "word": "unbound state"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in Semitic languages, the condition of a noun that is not grammatically linked to another noun",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "estado absoluto"
    }
  ],
  "word": "absolute state"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English multiword terms",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "en:Semitic linguistics"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "absolute",
        "3": "state",
        "nocat": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "absolute + state",
      "name": "compound"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From absolute + state.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "absolute states",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "absolute state (plural absolute states)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1898, Henry Gaullieur, The Paternal State in France and Germany, Harper & brothers, page 45",
          "text": "In France, where originally the king had only a very small estate, no power, and no army except his personal followers, the absolute state did not exist before the sixteenth century; for the French parliaments were still powerful in the fourteenth century, as we see by their records.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1922, Hugo Krabbe, The Modern Idea of the State, M. Nijhoff, page xix",
          "text": "The theory of sovereignty was an invaluable weapon in the hands of the monarch in his contest with the other claimants to authority; it gave a theoretical foundation for the emerging national absolute state, and it clearly forecast the line that political evolution was to follow.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1968, Gerhard Ritter, Frederick the Great: a Historical Profile, University of California Press, page 2",
          "text": "The truly absolute state, organized without regard for privilege and tradition, disposing over the property and life of all its subjects according to its own interests, was established not under the monarchies, but by the modern democracies.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1991, Jacques Kornberg, “Dilthey's Introduction to the Human Sciences: Liberal Social Thought in the Second Reich”, in In the Presence of the Past: Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel, Springer Science+Business Media, page 258",
          "text": "Roman Law recognized the absolute state and the individual's private rights; it did not acknowledge the legal inviolability of group life.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1999, Henk van Dijk, “State Borders in Geography and History”, in Nationalising and Denationalising European Border Regions, Springer Science+Business Media, page 21",
          "text": "Tribal states, which existed for instance in early medieval European society, differed from the absolute state which developed since the late Middle Ages and had its zenith in the absolute monarchies of the seventeenth century.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, E. Herbert Norman, Japan's Emergence as a Modern State: Political and Economic Problems of the Meiji Period, University of British Columbia Press, page 3",
          "text": "Although several subsidiary subjects have been touched upon, the central problem throughout has been to explain the rapid creation of a centralized, absolute state after the Meiji Restoration (1868), and the growth of an industrial economy under conditions of state patronage and control.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A state with absolute sovereignty and authority, in contrast with e.g. a feudal state."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "British English",
        "English internet slang",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Irish English"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The absolute state of the West",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2015 February 11, Trev Downey, “Reasons to Believe”, in The Liverpool Offside",
          "text": "The absolute state of you, Downey, you utter twonk. Like you have anything to do with the outcome of the bloody match! You need to confine this superstition malarkey to a flaming skip.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2016 December 30, Meher Mirza, “The Essential Guide To Combating A Hangover In Mumbai”, in The City Story",
          "text": "Just like mum used to make – without the lecture at the absolute state of you!",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2017 August 3, Oliver Astley, “The beautiful baby snow leopards which are now at Twycross Zoo”, in DerbyshireLive, the online edition of the Derby Telegraph",
          "text": "The absolute state of you! How did you get that dirty that quickly?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particularly dishevelled, sorry or contemptible condition."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Internet",
          "Internet"
        ],
        [
          "slang",
          "slang"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Internet slang, originally UK, Ireland) A particularly dishevelled, sorry or contemptible condition."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Internet",
        "Ireland"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "absolute state"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.