"-erize" meaning in English

See -erize in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

Forms: -erizes [present, singular, third-person], -erizing [participle, present], -erized [participle, past], -erized [past]
Etymology: From Chinese ér(huà) + -ize. Etymology templates: {{der|en|zh|-}} Chinese, {{suffix|en||ize}} + -ize Head templates: {{en-verb}} -erize (verb-forming suffix, third-person singular simple present -erizes, present participle -erizing, simple past and past participle -erized)
  1. (linguistics) To add r-coloring; to take on an r-colored vowel; to exhibit or undergo erhua. Categories (topical): Linguistics Related terms: erhua, erization, -erization

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for -erize meaning in English (1.8kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "",
        "3": "ize"
      },
      "expansion": "+ -ize",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Chinese ér(huà) + -ize.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-erizes",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erizing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erized",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erized",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-erize (verb-forming suffix, third-person singular simple present -erizes, present participle -erizing, simple past and past participle -erized)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms suffixed with -ize",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Linguistics",
          "orig": "en:Linguistics",
          "parents": [
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "For quotations using this term, see Citations:-erize."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To add r-coloring; to take on an r-colored vowel; to exhibit or undergo erhua."
      ],
      "id": "en--erize-en-verb-OR0UT5uH",
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "take on",
          "take on"
        ],
        [
          "erhua",
          "erhua"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) To add r-coloring; to take on an r-colored vowel; to exhibit or undergo erhua."
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "erhua"
        },
        {
          "word": "erization"
        },
        {
          "word": "-erization"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-erize"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "zh",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Chinese",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "",
        "3": "ize"
      },
      "expansion": "+ -ize",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Chinese ér(huà) + -ize.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-erizes",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erizing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erized",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-erized",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-erize (verb-forming suffix, third-person singular simple present -erizes, present participle -erizing, simple past and past participle -erized)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "erhua"
    },
    {
      "word": "erization"
    },
    {
      "word": "-erization"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English lemmas",
        "English suffixes",
        "English terms derived from Chinese",
        "English terms suffixed with -ize",
        "English verb-forming suffixes",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "For quotations using this term, see Citations:-erize."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To add r-coloring; to take on an r-colored vowel; to exhibit or undergo erhua."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "take on",
          "take on"
        ],
        [
          "erhua",
          "erhua"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) To add r-coloring; to take on an r-colored vowel; to exhibit or undergo erhua."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-erize"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1698",
  "msg": "unrecognized head form: verb-forming suffix",
  "path": [
    "-erize"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "verb",
  "title": "-erize",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.