"な-adjective" meaning in English

See な-adjective in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /nɑː ˈæd͡ʒɪktɪv/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-な-adjective.wav Forms: な-adjectives [plural]
Etymology: Japanese な (-na) + adjective. Etymology templates: {{bor|en|ja|-}} Japanese, {{ja-r|-な}} な (-na) Head templates: {{en-noun|head=な-adjective}} な-adjective (plural な-adjectives)
  1. (Japanese grammar) An adjective that necessitates the copula な (-na) if followed by a noun. Tags: Japanese Categories (topical): Grammar, Japanese Synonyms: na-adjective, -na adjective Translations (adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun): na-adjektiivi (Finnish), な-adjektiivi (Finnish), na-Adjektiv [neuter] (German), 形容動詞 (keiyōdōshi) (Japanese), przymiotnik な- (Polish), przymiotnik na (Polish)

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for な-adjective meaning in English (4.1kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ja",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-な"
      },
      "expansion": "な (-na)",
      "name": "ja-r"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Japanese な (-na) + adjective.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "な-adjectives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "な-adjective"
      },
      "expansion": "な-adjective (plural な-adjectives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms written in multiple scripts",
          "parents": [
            "Terms written in multiple scripts",
            "Terms by orthographic property",
            "Terms by lexical property"
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          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Japanese",
          "orig": "en:Japanese",
          "parents": [
            "Languages",
            "Language",
            "Names",
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: い-adjective"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014 January 1, Yukiko Abe Hatasa, Kazumi Hatasa, Seiichi Makino, Nakama 1: Japanese Communication Culture Context, Cengage Learning, page 370",
          "text": "Because そう is a な-adjective, its negative form is そうじゃない, except that そうにない should be used for verbs.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An adjective that necessitates the copula な (-na) if followed by a noun."
      ],
      "id": "en-な-adjective-en-noun-RjEXFQGg",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective"
        ],
        [
          "copula",
          "copula"
        ],
        [
          "な",
          "な#Japanese"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Japanese grammar) An adjective that necessitates the copula な (-na) if followed by a noun."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "na-adjective"
        },
        {
          "word": "-na adjective"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Japanese"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "word": "na-adjektiivi"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "word": "な-adjektiivi"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "na-Adjektiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "keiyōdōshi",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "word": "形容動詞"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "word": "przymiotnik な-"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
          "word": "przymiotnik na"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/nɑː ˈæd͡ʒɪktɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-な-adjective.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/d/d0/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav.mp3",
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    }
  ],
  "word": "な-adjective"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
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      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ja",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-な"
      },
      "expansion": "な (-na)",
      "name": "ja-r"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Japanese な (-na) + adjective.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "な-adjectives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "な-adjective"
      },
      "expansion": "な-adjective (plural な-adjectives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English lemmas",
        "English multiword terms",
        "English nouns",
        "English terms borrowed from Japanese",
        "English terms derived from Japanese",
        "English terms spelled with な",
        "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "English terms with audio links",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with redundant head parameter",
        "English terms written in multiple scripts",
        "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
        "Terms with Finnish translations",
        "Terms with German translations",
        "Terms with Japanese translations",
        "Terms with Polish translations",
        "en:Grammar",
        "en:Japanese"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: い-adjective"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014 January 1, Yukiko Abe Hatasa, Kazumi Hatasa, Seiichi Makino, Nakama 1: Japanese Communication Culture Context, Cengage Learning, page 370",
          "text": "Because そう is a な-adjective, its negative form is そうじゃない, except that そうにない should be used for verbs.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An adjective that necessitates the copula な (-na) if followed by a noun."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective"
        ],
        [
          "copula",
          "copula"
        ],
        [
          "な",
          "な#Japanese"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Japanese grammar) An adjective that necessitates the copula な (-na) if followed by a noun."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Japanese"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/nɑː ˈæd͡ʒɪktɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-な-adjective.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/d/d0/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/d/d0/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-%E3%81%AA-adjective.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "na-adjective"
    },
    {
      "word": "-na adjective"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "word": "na-adjektiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "word": "な-adjektiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "na-Adjektiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "keiyōdōshi",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "word": "形容動詞"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "word": "przymiotnik な-"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "adjective that necessitates the copula な if followed by a noun",
      "word": "przymiotnik na"
    }
  ],
  "word": "な-adjective"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-21 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (6c02f21 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

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