"sobre" meaning in Catalan

See sobre in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [ˈso.βɾə] [Central], [ˈso.bɾə] [Balearic], [ˈso.bɾe] [Valencian] Forms: sobres [plural]
Etymology: Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|ca|roa-oca|sobre|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Catalan sobre, {{inh+|ca|roa-oca|sobre}} Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, {{inh|ca|la|super||above}} Latin super (“above”), {{inh|ca|ine-pro|*h₁eǵʰs||out of}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”), {{doublet|ca|súper|notext=1}} súper Head templates: {{ca-noun|m}} sobre m (plural sobres)
  1. top, upper part of an object Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-sobre-ca-noun-VfEBujnY Categories (other): Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 16 16 21 22 25
  2. envelope Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-sobre-ca-noun-TFA8pndh Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 0 58 0 20 22 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 16 16 21 22 25

Preposition

IPA: [ˈso.βɾə] [Central], [ˈso.bɾə] [Balearic], [ˈso.bɾe] [Valencian]
Etymology: Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|ca|roa-oca|sobre|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Catalan sobre, {{inh+|ca|roa-oca|sobre}} Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, {{inh|ca|la|super||above}} Latin super (“above”), {{inh|ca|ine-pro|*h₁eǵʰs||out of}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”), {{doublet|ca|súper|notext=1}} súper Head templates: {{head|ca|preposition}} sobre
  1. on, on top of
    Sense id: en-sobre-ca-prep-gFD9SfhO Categories (other): Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 16 16 21 22 25
  2. over, above
    Sense id: en-sobre-ca-prep-zXpQPM-L Categories (other): Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 16 16 21 22 25
  3. about (a subject)
    Sense id: en-sobre-ca-prep-n0LYjVcS Categories (other): Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 16 16 21 22 25
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: a sobre Related terms: soberg, sobirà, sobrar, sobre-, súper, super-

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for sobre meaning in Catalan (4.5kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "a sobre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "super",
        "4": "",
        "5": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁eǵʰs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "out of"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "súper",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "súper",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "sobre",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "soberg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "sobirà"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "sobrar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "sobre-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "súper"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "super-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "16 16 21 22 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "on, on top of"
      ],
      "id": "en-sobre-ca-prep-gFD9SfhO",
      "links": [
        [
          "on",
          "on"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "16 16 21 22 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "over, above"
      ],
      "id": "en-sobre-ca-prep-zXpQPM-L",
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ],
        [
          "above",
          "above"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "16 16 21 22 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "about (a subject)"
      ],
      "id": "en-sobre-ca-prep-n0LYjVcS",
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.βɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾe]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sobre"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "super",
        "4": "",
        "5": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁eǵʰs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "out of"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "súper",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "súper",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "sobres",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sobre m (plural sobres)",
      "name": "ca-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "16 16 21 22 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "top, upper part of an object"
      ],
      "id": "en-sobre-ca-noun-VfEBujnY",
      "links": [
        [
          "top",
          "top"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 58 0 20 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 16 21 22 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "envelope"
      ],
      "id": "en-sobre-ca-noun-TFA8pndh",
      "links": [
        [
          "envelope",
          "envelope"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.βɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾe]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sobre"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Catalan countable nouns",
    "Catalan doublets",
    "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
    "Catalan lemmas",
    "Catalan masculine nouns",
    "Catalan nouns",
    "Catalan prepositions",
    "Catalan terms derived from Latin",
    "Catalan terms derived from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Latin",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "a sobre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "super",
        "4": "",
        "5": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁eǵʰs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "out of"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "súper",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "súper",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "sobre",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "soberg"
    },
    {
      "word": "sobirà"
    },
    {
      "word": "sobrar"
    },
    {
      "word": "sobre-"
    },
    {
      "word": "súper"
    },
    {
      "word": "super-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "on, on top of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "on",
          "on"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "over, above"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ],
        [
          "above",
          "above"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "about (a subject)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.βɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾe]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sobre"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Catalan countable nouns",
    "Catalan doublets",
    "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
    "Catalan lemmas",
    "Catalan masculine nouns",
    "Catalan nouns",
    "Catalan prepositions",
    "Catalan terms derived from Latin",
    "Catalan terms derived from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Latin",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "sobre"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "super",
        "4": "",
        "5": "above"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin super (“above”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁eǵʰs",
        "4": "",
        "5": "out of"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "súper",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "súper",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan sobre, from Latin super (“above”), from *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (“out of”) (Latin ex) and *uperi (“above”), from *upo. Doublet of the borrowed súper.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "sobres",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sobre m (plural sobres)",
      "name": "ca-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "top, upper part of an object"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "top",
          "top"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "envelope"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "envelope",
          "envelope"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.βɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈso.bɾe]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sobre"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Catalan dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.