"Courland" meaning in All languages combined

See Courland on Wiktionary

Proper name [English]

IPA: /ˈkʊə(ɹ)lənd/
Etymology: Frenchified spelling of German Kurland, equivalent to Cour- + land, with the initial component related to Curonian, Latin Curonia and Latvian Kurzeme. Etymology templates: {{bor|en|de|Kurland}} German Kurland, {{com|en||land|alt1=Cour-}} Cour- + land, {{cog|la|Curonia}} Latin Curonia, {{cog|lv|Kurzeme}} Latvian Kurzeme Head templates: {{en-proper noun}} Courland
  1. A region in western Latvia. Categories (place): Places in Latvia, Regions of Latvia Translations (region in western Latvia): Курля́ндыя (Kurljándyja) [feminine] (Belarusian), 庫爾蘭 (Chinese Mandarin), 库尔兰 (Kù'ěrlán) (Chinese Mandarin), Kuronsko [neuter] (Czech), Kurland (Danish), Kuronio (Esperanto), Kuramaa (Estonian), Kuurinmaa (Finnish), Kurzeme [feminine, modern] (French), Courlande [feminine, historical] (French), კურლანდია (ḳurlandia) (Georgian), Kurland [neuter] (German), Kurföld (Hungarian), Kurland (Hungarian), Kurzeme (Hungarian), Curlandia (Italian), クールラント (Kūrurando) (Japanese), 쿠를란트 (Kureullanteu) (Korean), Curonia (Latin), Kurzeme [feminine] (Latvian), Kuršas [masculine] (Lithuanian), Kurāmō (Livonian), Kurland (Norwegian), Kúrland [neuter] (Old Norse), Kurlandia [feminine] (Polish), Curlândia [feminine] (Portuguese), Ку́рземе (Kúrzeme) [feminine, modern] (Russian), Курля́ндия (Kurljándija) [feminine, historical] (Russian), Curlandia [feminine] (Spanish), Kurland (Swedish), Kurlandiya (Turkish), Ку́рземе (Kúrzeme) [feminine] (Ukrainian), Курля́ндія (Kurljándija) [feminine] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-Courland-en-name-xmMWodUI Disambiguation of 'region in western Latvia': 71 29
  2. (historical) A duchy in that region. Tags: historical
    Sense id: en-Courland-en-name-64xkeHUx Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English exonyms, English terms suffixed with -land, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Esperanto translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Lithuanian translations, Terms with Livonian translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Norwegian translations, Terms with Old Norse translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 9 91 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 15 85 Disambiguation of English exonyms: 19 81 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -land: 19 81 Disambiguation of Terms with Belarusian translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 32 68 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 15 85 Disambiguation of Terms with Esperanto translations: 21 79 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 91 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 14 86 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 23 77 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 91 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 91 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 24 76 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 9 91 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 29 71 Disambiguation of Terms with Lithuanian translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with Livonian translations: 24 76 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 22 78 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with Old Norse translations: 24 76 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 18 82 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 24 76 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 91 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 7 93 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 22 78 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 22 78 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 24 76
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: Curonian, Couronian, Courlander, Courish, Courlandish, Coure

Download JSON data for Courland meaning in All languages combined (9.8kB)

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  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Kurland"
      },
      "expansion": "German Kurland",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "",
        "3": "land",
        "alt1": "Cour-"
      },
      "expansion": "Cour- + land",
      "name": "com"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "Curonia"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin Curonia",
      "name": "cog"
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      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "Kurzeme"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian Kurzeme",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Frenchified spelling of German Kurland, equivalent to Cour- + land, with the initial component related to Curonian, Latin Curonia and Latvian Kurzeme.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "Courland",
      "name": "en-proper noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "name",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Curonian"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Couronian"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Courlander"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Courish"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Courlandish"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Coure"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Places in Latvia",
          "orig": "en:Places in Latvia",
          "parents": [
            "Places",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
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          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Regions of Latvia",
          "orig": "en:Regions of Latvia",
          "parents": [
            "Regions",
            "Places",
            "Political subdivisions",
            "Names",
            "Polities",
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            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A region in western Latvia."
      ],
      "id": "en-Courland-en-name-xmMWodUI",
      "links": [
        [
          "Latvia",
          "Latvia#English"
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        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "Kurljándyja",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Курля́ндыя"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "庫爾蘭"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "Kù'ěrlán",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "库尔兰"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Kuronsko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kuronio"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kuramaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kuurinmaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "modern"
          ],
          "word": "Kurzeme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "historical"
          ],
          "word": "Courlande"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ḳurlandia",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "კურლანდია"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Kurland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurföld"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurzeme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Curlandia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "Kūrurando",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "クールラント"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "Kureullanteu",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "쿠를란트"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Curonia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Kurzeme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Kuršas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "liv",
          "lang": "Livonian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurāmō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "non",
          "lang": "Old Norse",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Kúrland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Kurlandia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Curlândia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "Kúrzeme",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "modern"
          ],
          "word": "Ку́рземе"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "Kurljándija",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "historical"
          ],
          "word": "Курля́ндия"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Curlandia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurland"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "word": "Kurlandiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "Kúrzeme",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Ку́рземе"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 29",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "Kurljándija",
          "sense": "region in western Latvia",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Курля́ндія"
        }
      ]
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      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A duchy in that region."
      ],
      "id": "en-Courland-en-name-64xkeHUx",
      "links": [
        [
          "duchy",
          "duchy"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(historical) A duchy in that region."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "historical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkʊə(ɹ)lənd/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Courland"
  ],
  "word": "Courland"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English compound terms",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English exonyms",
    "English lemmas",
    "English proper nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from German",
    "English terms derived from German",
    "English terms suffixed with -land",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Latvian translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Livonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
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    "Terms with Old Norse translations",
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    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
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  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Kurland"
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      "expansion": "German Kurland",
      "name": "bor"
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    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "",
        "3": "land",
        "alt1": "Cour-"
      },
      "expansion": "Cour- + land",
      "name": "com"
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        "2": "Curonia"
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      "expansion": "Latin Curonia",
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        "2": "Kurzeme"
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      "expansion": "Latvian Kurzeme",
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  "etymology_text": "Frenchified spelling of German Kurland, equivalent to Cour- + land, with the initial component related to Curonian, Latin Curonia and Latvian Kurzeme.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "Courland",
      "name": "en-proper noun"
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  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "name",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "Curonian"
    },
    {
      "word": "Couronian"
    },
    {
      "word": "Courlander"
    },
    {
      "word": "Courish"
    },
    {
      "word": "Courlandish"
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      "word": "Coure"
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  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Places in Latvia",
        "en:Regions of Latvia"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A region in western Latvia."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
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          "Latvia#English"
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    {
      "categories": [
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      "glosses": [
        "A duchy in that region."
      ],
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        "(historical) A duchy in that region."
      ],
      "tags": [
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    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkʊə(ɹ)lənd/"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "Kurljándyja",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Курля́ндыя"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "庫爾蘭"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "Kù'ěrlán",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "库尔兰"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Kuronsko"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurland"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kuronio"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kuramaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kuurinmaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "modern"
      ],
      "word": "Kurzeme"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "historical"
      ],
      "word": "Courlande"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ḳurlandia",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "კურლანდია"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Kurland"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurföld"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurland"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurzeme"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Curlandia"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "Kūrurando",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "クールラント"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "Kureullanteu",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "쿠를란트"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Curonia"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Kurzeme"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Kuršas"
    },
    {
      "code": "liv",
      "lang": "Livonian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurāmō"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurland"
    },
    {
      "code": "non",
      "lang": "Old Norse",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Kúrland"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Kurlandia"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Curlândia"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "Kúrzeme",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "modern"
      ],
      "word": "Ку́рземе"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "Kurljándija",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "historical"
      ],
      "word": "Курля́ндия"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Curlandia"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurland"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "word": "Kurlandiya"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "Kúrzeme",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Ку́рземе"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "Kurljándija",
      "sense": "region in western Latvia",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Курля́ндія"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Courland"
  ],
  "word": "Courland"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-19 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (372f256 and 664a3bc). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.