"sūrā" meaning in Proto-West Germanic

See sūrā in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ, from *sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ. Cognate with Icelandic súra (“sorrel”). Etymology templates: {{inh|gmw-pro|gem-pro|*sūrǭ}} Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ, {{af|gem-pro|*sūraz|*-ǭ|nocat=1|t1=sour}} *sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ, {{cog|is|súra|t=sorrel}} Icelandic súra (“sorrel”) Head templates: {{head|gmw-pro|noun|g=f}} *sūrā f Inflection templates: {{gmw-infl-noun-on}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], sūrā [nominative, singular], sūrōn [nominative, plural], sūrōn [accusative, singular], sūrōn [accusative, plural], sūrōn [genitive, singular], sūrōnō [genitive, plural], sūrōn [dative, singular], sūrōm [dative, plural], sūrum [dative, plural], sūrōn [instrumental, singular], sūrōm [instrumental, plural], sūrum [instrumental, plural]
  1. sorrel Tags: feminine, reconstruction Synonyms: *amprō Derived forms (*sūrilljā; Old Saxon): surella Derived forms (→ Middle English: sorel): sorel [English]
    Sense id: en-sūrā-gmw-pro-noun-chp3iU5o Categories (other): Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for sūrā meaning in Proto-West Germanic (3.6kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sūre"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sūre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sūre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "sour",
            "3": "soure"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: sour, soure",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: sour, soure"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "sūra"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: sūra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: sūra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "sûre"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: sûre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: sûre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Süüre",
            "3": "Suur"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Süüre, Suur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Süüre, Suur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "sūra",
            "3": "sūrra",
            "4": "surio",
            "g": "f",
            "g3": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: sūra f, sūrra, surio m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: sūra f, sūrra, surio m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*sūrǭ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*sūraz",
        "3": "*-ǭ",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "súra",
        "t": "sorrel"
      },
      "expansion": "Icelandic súra (“sorrel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ, from *sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ. Cognate with Icelandic súra (“sorrel”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-noun-on",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrā f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-noun-on"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrā",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "sense": "*sūrilljā; Old Saxon",
          "word": "surella"
        },
        {
          "sense": "→ Middle English: sorel",
          "tags": [
            "English"
          ],
          "word": "sorel"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sorrel"
      ],
      "id": "en-sūrā-gmw-pro-noun-chp3iU5o",
      "links": [
        [
          "sorrel",
          "sorrel"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*amprō"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrā"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "sense": "*sūrilljā; Old Saxon",
      "word": "surella"
    },
    {
      "sense": "→ Middle English: sorel",
      "tags": [
        "English"
      ],
      "word": "sorel"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sūre"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sūre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sūre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "sour",
            "3": "soure"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: sour, soure",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: sour, soure"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "sūra"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: sūra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: sūra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "sûre"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: sûre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: sûre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Süüre",
            "3": "Suur"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Süüre, Suur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Süüre, Suur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "sūra",
            "3": "sūrra",
            "4": "surio",
            "g": "f",
            "g3": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: sūra f, sūrra, surio m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: sūra f, sūrra, surio m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*sūrǭ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*sūraz",
        "3": "*-ǭ",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "sour"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "súra",
        "t": "sorrel"
      },
      "expansion": "Icelandic súra (“sorrel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *sūrǭ, from *sūraz (“sour”) + *-ǭ. Cognate with Icelandic súra (“sorrel”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-noun-on",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sūrum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "*sūrā f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-noun-on"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/sūrā",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-West Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-West Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-West Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-West Germanic terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Proto-West Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
        "Proto-West Germanic ōn-stem nouns",
        "gmw-pro:Buckwheat family plants"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sorrel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sorrel",
          "sorrel"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*amprō"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "sūrā"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-West Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-16 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e268c0e and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.