"ālu" meaning in Proto-West Germanic

See ālu in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *ēlō. Etymology templates: {{inh|gmw-pro|gem-pro|*ēlō}} Proto-Germanic *ēlō Head templates: {{head|gmw-pro|noun|g=f}} *ālu f Inflection templates: {{gmw-infl-noun-o}} Forms: ālu [nominative, singular], ālō [nominative, plural], ālā [accusative, singular], ālā [accusative, plural], ālā [genitive, singular], ālō [genitive, plural], ālē [dative, singular], ālōm [dative, plural], ālum [dative, plural], ālu [instrumental, singular], ālōm [instrumental, plural], ālum [instrumental, plural]
  1. awl Tags: feminine, reconstruction Synonyms: *al, *alasnu
    Sense id: ālu-gmw-pro-noun-y2WeQYK3

Download JSON data for ālu meaning in Proto-West Germanic (3.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "āl",
            "3": "ǣl",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Old English: āl, ǣl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Old English: āl, ǣl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*âl",
            "3": "*ēl"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *âl, *ēl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *âl, *ēl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Äil"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Äil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Äil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "âl"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: âl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: âl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "Ahl"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: Ahl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: Ahl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "*âle",
            "3": "*ael"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: *âle, *ael",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: *âle, *ael"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "aal"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: aal",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "possibly borrowed"
          },
          "expansion": "(possibly borrowed)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: aal (possibly borrowed)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "āle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: āle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: āle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "aala"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: aala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: aala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Ahle"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Ahle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Ahle"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ēlō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ēlō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *ēlō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-noun-o",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "*ālu f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-noun-o"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/ālu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "awl"
      ],
      "id": "ālu-gmw-pro-noun-y2WeQYK3",
      "links": [
        [
          "awl",
          "awl"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*al"
        },
        {
          "word": "*alasnu"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ālu"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "āl",
            "3": "ǣl",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Old English: āl, ǣl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Old English: āl, ǣl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "*âl",
            "3": "*ēl"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: *âl, *ēl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: *âl, *ēl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Äil"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Äil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Äil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "âl"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: âl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: âl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "Ahl"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: Ahl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: Ahl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "*âle",
            "3": "*ael"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: *âle, *ael",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: *âle, *ael"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "aal"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: aal",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "possibly borrowed"
          },
          "expansion": "(possibly borrowed)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: aal (possibly borrowed)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "āla"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: āla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: āla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "āle"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: āle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: āle"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "aala"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: aala",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: aala"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Ahle"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Ahle",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Ahle"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ēlō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ēlō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *ēlō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmw-infl-noun-o",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālā",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālōm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "*ālu f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gmw-infl-noun-o"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/ālu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-West Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-West Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-West Germanic nouns",
        "gmw-pro:Carpentry tools"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "awl"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "awl",
          "awl"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*al"
        },
        {
          "word": "*alasnu"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ālu"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-West Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.