"yū́" meaning in Proto-Indo-European

See yū́ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|pronoun}} *yū́
  1. you (plural) Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: yū́-ine-pro-pron-ili7Tmcw Categories (other): Proto-Indo-European pronouns

Download JSON data for yū́ meaning in Proto-Indo-European (3.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*ju(s)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *ju(s)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *ju(s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "ju"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: ju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: ju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ձեզ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: ձեզ (jez)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ձեր"
          },
          "expansion": "ձեր (jer)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: ձեզ (jez) (< *y(us)e), ձեր (jer) (< *y(us)er)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hy",
            "2": "ձեզ",
            "3": "ձեր"
          },
          "expansion": "Armenian: ձեզ (jez), ձեր (jer)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Armenian: ձեզ (jez), ձեր (jer)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*jūˀ",
            "3": "*jūˀs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *jūˀ, *jūˀs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *jūˀ, *jūˀs (< *yū́-s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ltg",
            "2": "jius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latgalian: jius",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latgalian: jius"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lv",
            "2": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Latvian: jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latvian: jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "prg",
            "2": "ioūs",
            "3": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Prussian: ioūs, jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Prussian: ioūs, jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*vy"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *vy",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *vy (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*swīs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *swīs",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *swīs (< *wēs-wēs) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*jūz",
            "3": "*jut"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *jūz, *jut",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *jūz, *jut (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*yúH",
            "alt": "*yúH, *yúH(s)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *yúH, *yúH(s)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *yúH, *yúH(s) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*wōs",
            "3": "*westeros",
            "alt2": "*wosteros"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *wōs, *wosteros",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *wōs, *wosteros (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Tocharian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xto",
            "2": "yas"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian A: yas",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian A: yas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "txb",
            "2": "yes"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian B: yes",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian B: yes"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*yū́",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/yū́",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you (plural)"
      ],
      "id": "yū́-ine-pro-pron-ili7Tmcw",
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "yū́"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*ju(s)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *ju(s)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *ju(s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "ju"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: ju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: ju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ձեզ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: ձեզ (jez)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ձեր"
          },
          "expansion": "ձեր (jer)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: ձեզ (jez) (< *y(us)e), ձեր (jer) (< *y(us)er)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hy",
            "2": "ձեզ",
            "3": "ձեր"
          },
          "expansion": "Armenian: ձեզ (jez), ձեր (jer)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Armenian: ձեզ (jez), ձեր (jer)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*jūˀ",
            "3": "*jūˀs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *jūˀ, *jūˀs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *jūˀ, *jūˀs (< *yū́-s)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ltg",
            "2": "jius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latgalian: jius",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latgalian: jius"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lv",
            "2": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Latvian: jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latvian: jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "prg",
            "2": "ioūs",
            "3": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Prussian: ioūs, jūs",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Prussian: ioūs, jūs"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*vy"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *vy",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *vy (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*swīs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *swīs",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *swīs (< *wēs-wēs) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*jūz",
            "3": "*jut"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *jūz, *jut",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *jūz, *jut (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*yúH",
            "alt": "*yúH, *yúH(s)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *yúH, *yúH(s)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *yúH, *yúH(s) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*wōs",
            "3": "*westeros",
            "alt2": "*wosteros"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *wōs, *wosteros",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *wōs, *wosteros (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Tocharian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xto",
            "2": "yas"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian A: yas",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian A: yas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "txb",
            "2": "yes"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian B: yes",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian B: yes"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*yū́",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/yū́",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
        "Proto-Indo-European pronouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you (plural)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "yū́"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Indo-European dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.