"kʷís" meaning in Proto-Indo-European

See kʷís in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Determiner

Etymology: A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly "human" – "non-human". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-. Etymology templates: {{root|ine-pro|ine-pro|*kʷ-}}, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷi-}} *kʷi-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷe-}} *kʷe-, {{m|ine-pro|*éy|*i-, *e-}} *i-, *e-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷos|*kʷo-}} *kʷo-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷ-}} *kʷ- Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|determiner|head=*kʷós}} *kʷós Forms: kʷós [canonical], kʷós [masculine, nominative, singular], kʷéh₂ [feminine, nominative, singular], kʷód [neuter, nominative, singular], kʷóy [masculine, nominative, plural], kʷeh₂s [feminine, nominative, plural], kʷeh₂es [feminine, nominative, plural], kʷeh₂ [neuter, nominative, plural], kʷóm [accusative, masculine, singular], kʷéh₂m [accusative, feminine, singular], kʷód [accusative, neuter, singular], kʷóms [accusative, masculine, plural], kʷeh₂ms [accusative, feminine, plural], kʷeh₂ [accusative, neuter, plural], kʷósyo [genitive, masculine, singular], - [feminine, genitive, singular], kʷósyo [genitive, neuter, singular], - [genitive, masculine, plural], - [feminine, genitive, plural], - [genitive, neuter, plural], kʷósmey [dative, masculine, singular], - [dative, feminine, singular], kʷósmey [dative, neuter, singular], - [dative, masculine, plural], - [dative, feminine, plural], - [dative, neuter, plural], kʷó [masculine, nominative, singular], kʷéh₂ [feminine, nominative, singular], kʷód [neuter, nominative, singular], kʷóy [masculine, nominative, plural], kʷéh₂es? [feminine, nominative, plural], kʷh₂? [neuter, nominative, plural], kʷóm [accusative, masculine, singular], - [accusative, feminine, singular], kʷíd [accusative, neuter, singular], - [accusative, masculine, plural], - [accusative, feminine, plural], kʷíh₂ [accusative, neuter, plural], kʷóso [genitive, masculine, singular], - [feminine, genitive, singular], kʷóso [genitive, neuter, singular], - [genitive, masculine, plural], - [feminine, genitive, plural], - [genitive, neuter, plural], kʷósmōd? [ablative, masculine, singular], - [ablative, feminine, singular], kʷósmōd? [ablative, neuter, singular], - [ablative, masculine, plural], - [ablative, feminine, plural], - [ablative, neuter, plural], kʷósmōy [dative, masculine, singular], - [dative, feminine, singular], kʷósmōy [dative, neuter, singular], - [dative, masculine, plural], - [dative, feminine, plural], - [dative, neuter, plural], kʷósmi [locative, masculine, singular], - [feminine, locative, singular], kʷósmi [locative, neuter, singular], - [locative, masculine, plural], - [feminine, locative, plural], - [locative, neuter, plural], kʷóy [instrumental, masculine, singular], - [feminine, instrumental, singular], kʷóy [instrumental, neuter, singular], - [instrumental, masculine, plural], - [feminine, instrumental, plural], - [instrumental, neuter, plural]
  1. which, what Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: kʷís-ine-pro-det-7id6R6MV Derived forms: kʷo-tero- Derived forms (*kʷo-m): hwan (english: at what time, when; see there for further descendants) Derived forms (Italic): ubi [Latin], ne-cubi [Latin], ali-cubi [Latin], 𐌐𐌖𐌚 (puf), 𐌐𐌖𐌚𐌄 (pufe) Derived forms (Old Latin: quoius): cuius [Latin] Derived forms (Proto-Albanian): >? Albanian: sa (english: how much) Derived forms (Proto-Anatolian: *kʷobí): 𒆪𒉿𒁉 (ku-wa-pí) Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic): σᾰ́ (sá) (english: what?) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *kʷotsos): πόσος - ποσός (posós) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *kʷoyyos): ποῖος - ποιός (poiós) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *kʷóstos): πόστος (póstos) [Ancient-Greek] Derived forms (Proto-Italic: *kʷiā): quia (english: because; see there for further descendants) [Latin] Derived forms (Proto-Italic: *kʷot): quot [Latin]

Pronoun

Etymology: A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly "human" – "non-human". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-. Etymology templates: {{root|ine-pro|ine-pro|*kʷ-}}, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷi-}} *kʷi-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷe-}} *kʷe-, {{m|ine-pro|*éy|*i-, *e-}} *i-, *e-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷos|*kʷo-}} *kʷo-, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷ-}} *kʷ- Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|pronoun}} *kʷís Forms: kʷís [masculine, nominative, singular], kʷís [feminine, nominative, singular], kʷíd [neuter, nominative, singular], kʷéyes [masculine, nominative, plural], kʷéyes [feminine, nominative, plural], kʷíh₂ [neuter, nominative, plural], kʷím [accusative, masculine, singular], kʷím [accusative, feminine, singular], kʷíd [accusative, neuter, singular], kʷíms [accusative, masculine, plural], kʷíms [accusative, feminine, plural], kʷíh₂ [accusative, neuter, plural], kʷésyo [genitive, masculine, singular], kʷésyo [feminine, genitive, singular], kʷésyo [genitive, neuter, singular], kʷéysom [genitive, masculine, plural], kʷéysom [feminine, genitive, plural], kʷéysom [genitive, neuter, plural], kʷésmey [dative, masculine, singular], kʷésmey [dative, feminine, singular], kʷésmey [dative, neuter, singular], kʷeybʰ- [dative, masculine, plural], kʷeybʰ- [dative, feminine, plural], kʷeybʰ- [dative, neuter, plural], kʷésmi [locative, masculine, singular], kʷésmi [feminine, locative, singular], kʷésmi [locative, neuter, singular], kʷeysu [locative, masculine, plural], kʷeysu [feminine, locative, plural], kʷeysu [locative, neuter, plural], kʷé [masculine, nominative, singular], kʷé [feminine, nominative, singular], kʷíd [neuter, nominative, singular], kʷéy [masculine, nominative, plural], kʷéy [feminine, nominative, plural], kʷíh₂ [neuter, nominative, plural], kʷím [accusative, masculine, singular], kʷím [accusative, feminine, singular], kʷíd [accusative, neuter, singular], - [accusative, masculine, plural], - [accusative, feminine, plural], kʷíh₂ [accusative, neuter, plural], kʷéso [genitive, masculine, singular], kʷéso [feminine, genitive, singular], kʷéso [genitive, neuter, singular], - [genitive, masculine, plural], - [feminine, genitive, plural], - [genitive, neuter, plural], kʷéd? [ablative, masculine, singular], kʷéd? [ablative, feminine, singular], kʷéd? [ablative, neuter, singular], - [ablative, masculine, plural], - [ablative, feminine, plural], - [ablative, neuter, plural], kʷésmey [dative, masculine, singular], kʷésmey [dative, feminine, singular], kʷésmey [dative, neuter, singular], - [dative, masculine, plural], - [dative, feminine, plural], - [dative, neuter, plural], kʷésmi [locative, masculine, singular], kʷésmi [feminine, locative, singular], kʷésmi [locative, neuter, singular], - [locative, masculine, plural], - [feminine, locative, plural], - [locative, neuter, plural], kʷéy [instrumental, masculine, singular], kʷéy [feminine, instrumental, singular], kʷéy [instrumental, neuter, singular], - [instrumental, masculine, plural], - [feminine, instrumental, plural], - [instrumental, neuter, plural]
  1. who, what (interrogative) Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: kʷís-ine-pro-pron-oUzFZRCs Categories (other): Proto-Indo-European determiners, Proto-Indo-European pronouns Disambiguation of Proto-Indo-European determiners: 8 62 30 Disambiguation of Proto-Indo-European pronouns: 70 30
  2. who, which, that (relative) Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: kʷís-ine-pro-pron-ZqEUoD7r

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for kʷís meaning in Proto-Indo-European (28.2kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷi-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷi-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷe-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷe-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy",
        "3": "*i-, *e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*i-, *e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷos",
        "3": "*kʷo-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷo-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷ-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly \"human\" – \"non-human\". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷís",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷís",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéyes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéyes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷé",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷé",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷís",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷís",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "8 62 30",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "70 30",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Indo-European pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "who, what (interrogative)"
      ],
      "id": "kʷís-ine-pro-pron-oUzFZRCs",
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ],
        [
          "what",
          "what"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "who, which, that (relative)"
      ],
      "id": "kʷís-ine-pro-pron-ZqEUoD7r",
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ],
        [
          "which",
          "which"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "kʷís"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-ana-pro",
            "2": "*kʷís",
            "3": "*kʷo-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷís, *kʷo-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷís, *kʷo- (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ի-",
            "3": "հի-",
            "4": "ո",
            "5": "ով",
            "6": "որ",
            "7": "քան"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: ի- (i-), հի- (hi-), ո (o), ով (ov), որ (or), քան (kʿan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: ի- (i-), հի- (hi-), ո (o), ով (ov), որ (or), քան (kʿan)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*kas",
            "3": "*ki"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kas, *ki",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kas, *ki (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*kʷēs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *kʷēs",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*kʷís"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷís",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*kʷid"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷid",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷíd"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷíd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *kʷēs (from *kʷís), *kʷid (from *kʷíd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*hwaz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *hwaz",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *hwaz (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Hellenic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "τίς"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: τίς (tís)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "τις"
          },
          "expansion": "τις (tis)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποῦ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποῦ (poû)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πού"
          },
          "expansion": "πού (poú)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποῖ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποῖ (poî)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποι"
          },
          "expansion": "ποι (poi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῇ"
          },
          "expansion": "πῇ (pêi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῃ"
          },
          "expansion": "πῃ (pēi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῶς"
          },
          "expansion": "πῶς (pôs)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πως"
          },
          "expansion": "πως (pōs)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πότε"
          },
          "expansion": "πότε (póte)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποτέ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποτέ (poté)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πόθεν"
          },
          "expansion": "πόθεν (póthen)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ὅστις"
          },
          "expansion": "ὅστις (hóstis)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἄττα",
            "3": "ἄσσα"
          },
          "expansion": "ἄσσα (ássa)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἕκαστος"
          },
          "expansion": "ἕκαστος (hékastos)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποδαπός"
          },
          "expansion": "ποδαπός (podapós)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πηλίκος"
          },
          "expansion": "πηλίκος (pēlíkos)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πηνίκα"
          },
          "expansion": "πηνίκα (pēníka)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῆμος"
          },
          "expansion": "πῆμος (pêmos)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: τίς (tís) - τις (tis), ποῦ (poû) - πού (poú) (< *kʷosyo), ποῖ (poî) - ποι (poi), πῇ (pêi) - πῃ (pēi), πῶς (pôs) - πως (pōs), πότε (póte) - ποτέ (poté), πόθεν (póthen), ὅστις (hóstis), ἄσσα (ássa), ἕκαστος (hékastos), ποδαπός (podapós), πηλίκος (pēlíkos), πηνίκα (pēníka), πῆμος (pêmos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*kíš",
            "3": "*kás",
            "4": "*kím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *kíš, *kás, *kím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *kíš, *kás, *kím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": "*kíṣ",
            "3": "*kás",
            "4": "*kím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *kíṣ, *kás, *kím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *kíṣ, *kás, *kím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "किम्",
            "3": "कः",
            "4": "किस्",
            "t": "what?",
            "t3": "who/whether?",
            "tr": "kím",
            "tr2": "káḥ",
            "tr3": "kís"
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: किम् (kím, “what?”), कः (káḥ), किस् (kís, “who/whether?”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: किम् (kím, “what?”), कः (káḥ), किस् (kís, “who/whether?”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hi",
            "2": "किस",
            "3": "को",
            "pos": "oblique"
          },
          "expansion": "Hindi: किस (kis, oblique), को (ko)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hindi: किस (kis, oblique), को (ko) (dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ira-pro",
            "2": "*číš",
            "3": "*káh",
            "4": "*čím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Iranian: *číš, *káh, *čím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Iranian: *číš, *káh, *čím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬐𐬋",
            "3": "𐬗𐬌𐬱"
          },
          "expansion": "Avestan: 𐬐𐬋 (kō), 𐬗𐬌𐬱 (ciš)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Avestan: 𐬐𐬋 (kō), 𐬗𐬌𐬱 (ciš)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kmr",
            "2": "kî",
            "3": "kê",
            "4": "çi",
            "5": "kîjan",
            "t": "who",
            "t2": "whom",
            "t3": "what",
            "t4": "which"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Kurdish: kî (“who”), kê (“whom”), çi (“what”), kîjan (“which”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Kurdish: kî (“who”), kê (“whom”), çi (“what”), kîjan (“which”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fa",
            "2": "که",
            "3": "چه",
            "4": "چی",
            "tr": "ke",
            "tr2": "če",
            "tr3": "či"
          },
          "expansion": "Persian: که (ke), چه (če), چی (či)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Persian: که (ke), چه (če), چی (či)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ps",
            "2": "څه",
            "tr": "tse"
          },
          "expansion": "Pashto: څه (tse)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Pashto: څه (tse)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sog",
            "tr": "čw"
          },
          "expansion": "Sogdian: [script needed] (čw)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sogdian: [script needed] (čw)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xco",
            "tr": "ci"
          },
          "expansion": "Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ci)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ci)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "os",
            "2": "цы",
            "tr": "cy"
          },
          "expansion": "Ossetian: цы (cy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ossetian: цы (cy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kho",
            "2": "𐨕𐨂",
            "tr": "cu"
          },
          "expansion": "Khotanese: 𐨕𐨂 (cu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khotanese: 𐨕𐨂 (cu)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷis",
            "3": "*kʷoi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷis, *kʷoi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷis, *kʷoi (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quis",
            "3": "quī",
            "4": "quia",
            "5": "cum",
            "6": "quam",
            "7": "cūr",
            "8": "ubī",
            "9": "cūius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: quis, quī, quia, cum, quam, cūr, ubī, cūius",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quoque"
          },
          "expansion": "quoque",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quālis"
          },
          "expansion": "quālis",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "ut"
          },
          "expansion": "ut",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "unde"
          },
          "expansion": "unde",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: quis, quī, quia, cum, quam, cūr, ubī, cūius (< *kʷosyo), quoque, quālis, ut, unde"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xpg",
            "2": "κιν"
          },
          "expansion": "Phrygian: κιν (kin)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Phrygian: κιν (kin)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-toc-pro",
            "2": "*kuse"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Tocharian: *kuse",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷisó"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷisó",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷís"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷís",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Tocharian: *kuse (from *kʷisó < *kʷís)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xto",
            "2": "kus"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian A: kus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian A: kus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "txb",
            "2": "kᵤse"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian B: kᵤse",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian B: kᵤse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷéy"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷéy",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "From instrumental singular *kʷéy:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*tśei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *tśei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *tśei?"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "se"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: se",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: se"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*kei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kei"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*či"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *či",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *či (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*hwī"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *hwī",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *hwī (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷei"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quei"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: quei",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quī"
          },
          "expansion": "quī",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: quei > quī (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷóy"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷóy",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "From instrumental singular *kʷóy:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*kai"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *kai",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *kai"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "që",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Albanian: që",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Albanian: që"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷoi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷoi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷoi (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷi-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷi-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷe-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷe-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy",
        "3": "*i-, *e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*i-, *e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷos",
        "3": "*kʷo-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷo-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷ-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly \"human\" – \"non-human\". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "kʷós",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷós",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂s",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂es",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóm",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂m",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂ms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷó",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂es?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷh₂?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóm",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "determiner",
        "head": "*kʷós"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷís",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "derived": [
        {
          "english": "how much",
          "sense": "Proto-Albanian",
          "word": ">? Albanian: sa"
        },
        {
          "english": "what?",
          "roman": "sá",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "σᾰ́"
        },
        {
          "english": "because; see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "Proto-Italic: *kʷiā",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "quia"
        },
        {
          "word": "kʷo-tero-"
        },
        {
          "roman": "poiós",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷoyyos",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "ποῖος - ποιός"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Old Latin: quoius",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "cuius"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Italic: *kʷot",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "quot"
        },
        {
          "roman": "posós",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷotsos",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "πόσος - ποσός"
        },
        {
          "english": "at what time, when; see there for further descendants",
          "sense": "*kʷo-m",
          "word": "hwan"
        },
        {
          "roman": "ku-wa-pí",
          "sense": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷobí",
          "word": "𒆪𒉿𒁉"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Italic",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "ubi"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Italic",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "ne-cubi"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Italic",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "ali-cubi"
        },
        {
          "roman": "puf",
          "sense": "Italic",
          "word": "𐌐𐌖𐌚"
        },
        {
          "roman": "pufe",
          "sense": "Italic",
          "word": "𐌐𐌖𐌚𐌄"
        },
        {
          "roman": "póstos",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷóstos",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "πόστος"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "which, what"
      ],
      "id": "kʷís-ine-pro-det-7id6R6MV",
      "links": [
        [
          "which",
          "which"
        ],
        [
          "what",
          "what"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "kʷís"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Indo-European determiners",
    "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
    "Proto-Indo-European pronouns"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷi-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷi-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷe-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷe-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy",
        "3": "*i-, *e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*i-, *e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷos",
        "3": "*kʷo-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷo-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷ-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly \"human\" – \"non-human\". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷís",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷís",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéyes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéyes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéysom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeybʰ-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeysu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷé",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷé",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷím",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷésmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷís",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷís",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "who, what (interrogative)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ],
        [
          "what",
          "what"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "who, which, that (relative)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "who",
          "who"
        ],
        [
          "which",
          "which"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "kʷís"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Indo-European determiners",
    "Proto-Indo-European lemmas"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "how much",
      "sense": "Proto-Albanian",
      "word": ">? Albanian: sa"
    },
    {
      "english": "what?",
      "roman": "sá",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "σᾰ́"
    },
    {
      "english": "because; see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "Proto-Italic: *kʷiā",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "quia"
    },
    {
      "word": "kʷo-tero-"
    },
    {
      "roman": "poiós",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷoyyos",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "ποῖος - ποιός"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Old Latin: quoius",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "cuius"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Italic: *kʷot",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "quot"
    },
    {
      "roman": "posós",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷotsos",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "πόσος - ποσός"
    },
    {
      "english": "at what time, when; see there for further descendants",
      "sense": "*kʷo-m",
      "word": "hwan"
    },
    {
      "roman": "ku-wa-pí",
      "sense": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷobí",
      "word": "𒆪𒉿𒁉"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Italic",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "ubi"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Italic",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "ne-cubi"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Italic",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "ali-cubi"
    },
    {
      "roman": "puf",
      "sense": "Italic",
      "word": "𐌐𐌖𐌚"
    },
    {
      "roman": "pufe",
      "sense": "Italic",
      "word": "𐌐𐌖𐌚𐌄"
    },
    {
      "roman": "póstos",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *kʷóstos",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "πόστος"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-ana-pro",
            "2": "*kʷís",
            "3": "*kʷo-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷís, *kʷo-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Anatolian: *kʷís, *kʷo- (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Armenian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xcl",
            "2": "ի-",
            "3": "հի-",
            "4": "ո",
            "5": "ով",
            "6": "որ",
            "7": "քան"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Armenian: ի- (i-), հի- (hi-), ո (o), ով (ov), որ (or), քան (kʿan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Armenian: ի- (i-), հի- (hi-), ո (o), ով (ov), որ (or), քան (kʿan)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*kas",
            "3": "*ki"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kas, *ki",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kas, *ki (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*kʷēs"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Celtic: *kʷēs",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*kʷís"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷís",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cel-pro",
            "2": "*kʷid"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷid",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷíd"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷíd",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Celtic: *kʷēs (from *kʷís), *kʷid (from *kʷíd) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*hwaz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *hwaz",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *hwaz (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Hellenic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "τίς"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: τίς (tís)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "τις"
          },
          "expansion": "τις (tis)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποῦ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποῦ (poû)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πού"
          },
          "expansion": "πού (poú)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποῖ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποῖ (poî)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποι"
          },
          "expansion": "ποι (poi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῇ"
          },
          "expansion": "πῇ (pêi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῃ"
          },
          "expansion": "πῃ (pēi)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῶς"
          },
          "expansion": "πῶς (pôs)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πως"
          },
          "expansion": "πως (pōs)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πότε"
          },
          "expansion": "πότε (póte)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποτέ"
          },
          "expansion": "ποτέ (poté)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πόθεν"
          },
          "expansion": "πόθεν (póthen)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ὅστις"
          },
          "expansion": "ὅστις (hóstis)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἄττα",
            "3": "ἄσσα"
          },
          "expansion": "ἄσσα (ássa)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ἕκαστος"
          },
          "expansion": "ἕκαστος (hékastos)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "ποδαπός"
          },
          "expansion": "ποδαπός (podapós)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πηλίκος"
          },
          "expansion": "πηλίκος (pēlíkos)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πηνίκα"
          },
          "expansion": "πηνίκα (pēníka)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "πῆμος"
          },
          "expansion": "πῆμος (pêmos)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: τίς (tís) - τις (tis), ποῦ (poû) - πού (poú) (< *kʷosyo), ποῖ (poî) - ποι (poi), πῇ (pêi) - πῃ (pēi), πῶς (pôs) - πως (pōs), πότε (póte) - ποτέ (poté), πόθεν (póthen), ὅστις (hóstis), ἄσσα (ássa), ἕκαστος (hékastos), ποδαπός (podapós), πηλίκος (pēlíkos), πηνίκα (pēníka), πῆμος (pêmos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*kíš",
            "3": "*kás",
            "4": "*kím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *kíš, *kás, *kím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *kíš, *kás, *kím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": "*kíṣ",
            "3": "*kás",
            "4": "*kím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *kíṣ, *kás, *kím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *kíṣ, *kás, *kím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "किम्",
            "3": "कः",
            "4": "किस्",
            "t": "what?",
            "t3": "who/whether?",
            "tr": "kím",
            "tr2": "káḥ",
            "tr3": "kís"
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: किम् (kím, “what?”), कः (káḥ), किस् (kís, “who/whether?”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: किम् (kím, “what?”), कः (káḥ), किस् (kís, “who/whether?”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hi",
            "2": "किस",
            "3": "को",
            "pos": "oblique"
          },
          "expansion": "Hindi: किस (kis, oblique), को (ko)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dialectal"
          },
          "expansion": "(dialectal)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hindi: किस (kis, oblique), को (ko) (dialectal)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ira-pro",
            "2": "*číš",
            "3": "*káh",
            "4": "*čím"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Iranian: *číš, *káh, *čím",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Iranian: *číš, *káh, *čím"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬐𐬋",
            "3": "𐬗𐬌𐬱"
          },
          "expansion": "Avestan: 𐬐𐬋 (kō), 𐬗𐬌𐬱 (ciš)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Avestan: 𐬐𐬋 (kō), 𐬗𐬌𐬱 (ciš)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kmr",
            "2": "kî",
            "3": "kê",
            "4": "çi",
            "5": "kîjan",
            "t": "who",
            "t2": "whom",
            "t3": "what",
            "t4": "which"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Kurdish: kî (“who”), kê (“whom”), çi (“what”), kîjan (“which”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Kurdish: kî (“who”), kê (“whom”), çi (“what”), kîjan (“which”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fa",
            "2": "که",
            "3": "چه",
            "4": "چی",
            "tr": "ke",
            "tr2": "če",
            "tr3": "či"
          },
          "expansion": "Persian: که (ke), چه (če), چی (či)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Persian: که (ke), چه (če), چی (či)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ps",
            "2": "څه",
            "tr": "tse"
          },
          "expansion": "Pashto: څه (tse)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Pashto: څه (tse)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sog",
            "tr": "čw"
          },
          "expansion": "Sogdian: [script needed] (čw)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sogdian: [script needed] (čw)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xco",
            "tr": "ci"
          },
          "expansion": "Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ci)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ci)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "os",
            "2": "цы",
            "tr": "cy"
          },
          "expansion": "Ossetian: цы (cy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ossetian: цы (cy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kho",
            "2": "𐨕𐨂",
            "tr": "cu"
          },
          "expansion": "Khotanese: 𐨕𐨂 (cu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khotanese: 𐨕𐨂 (cu)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷis",
            "3": "*kʷoi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷis, *kʷoi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷis, *kʷoi (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quis",
            "3": "quī",
            "4": "quia",
            "5": "cum",
            "6": "quam",
            "7": "cūr",
            "8": "ubī",
            "9": "cūius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: quis, quī, quia, cum, quam, cūr, ubī, cūius",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quoque"
          },
          "expansion": "quoque",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quālis"
          },
          "expansion": "quālis",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "ut"
          },
          "expansion": "ut",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "unde"
          },
          "expansion": "unde",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: quis, quī, quia, cum, quam, cūr, ubī, cūius (< *kʷosyo), quoque, quālis, ut, unde"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xpg",
            "2": "κιν"
          },
          "expansion": "Phrygian: κιν (kin)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Phrygian: κιν (kin)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-toc-pro",
            "2": "*kuse"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Tocharian: *kuse",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷisó"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷisó",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷís"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷís",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Tocharian: *kuse (from *kʷisó < *kʷís)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xto",
            "2": "kus"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian A: kus",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian A: kus"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "txb",
            "2": "kᵤse"
          },
          "expansion": "Tocharian B: kᵤse",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tocharian B: kᵤse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷéy"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷéy",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "From instrumental singular *kʷéy:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*tśei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *tśei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *tśei?"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "se"
          },
          "expansion": "Albanian: se",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Albanian: se"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*kei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kei"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*či"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *či",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *či (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*hwī"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *hwī",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *hwī (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷei"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷei",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷei"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quei"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: quei",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "quī"
          },
          "expansion": "quī",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: quei > quī (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-pro",
            "2": "*kʷóy"
          },
          "expansion": "*kʷóy",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "From instrumental singular *kʷóy:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sqj-pro",
            "2": "*kai"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Albanian: *kai",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Albanian: *kai"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sq",
            "2": "që",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Albanian: që",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Albanian: që"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "itc-pro",
            "2": "*kʷoi"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Italic: *kʷoi",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Italic: *kʷoi (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷi-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷi-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷe-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷe-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*éy",
        "3": "*i-, *e-"
      },
      "expansion": "*i-, *e-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷos",
        "3": "*kʷo-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷo-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷ-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A PIE interrogative-indefinite paradigm built from the stems *kʷi- and *kʷe- (parallel to anaphoric *i-, *e-), the former on nom. and acc. cases of all genders, the latter elsewhere, with no distinction of feminine forms, mostly \"human\" – \"non-human\". A stem *kʷo-, an o-stem adjective, with its corresponding feminine *kʷeh₂-, was originally separate, but in most languages there was some conflation with the other two, as it is from this function that the relative pronoun evolves. Ultimately from *kʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "kʷós",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷós",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂s",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂es",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóm",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂m",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂ms",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷeh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósyo",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmey",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷó",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷód",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷéh₂es?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷh₂?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóm",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷíh₂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóso",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōd?",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmōy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷósmi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kʷóy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "determiner",
        "head": "*kʷós"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷís",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "which, what"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "which",
          "which"
        ],
        [
          "what",
          "what"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "kʷís"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Indo-European dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.