"-yós" meaning in Proto-Indo-European

See -yós in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|suffix|cat2=adjective-forming suffixes|head=*(Ø)-yós}} *(Ø)-yós Inflection templates: {{ine-decl-adj|(Ø)-yó}} Forms: (Ø)-yós [canonical], no-table-tags [table-tags], -yós [nominative, singular], Ø-yós [nominative, singular], -yóh₁ [dual, nominative], Ø-yóh₁ [dual, nominative], -yóes [nominative, plural], Ø-yóes [nominative, plural], -yé [singular, vocative], Ø-yé [singular, vocative], -yóh₁ [dual, vocative], Ø-yóh₁ [dual, vocative], -yóes [plural, vocative], Ø-yóes [plural, vocative], -yóm [accusative, singular], Ø-yóm [accusative, singular], -yóh₁ [accusative, dual], Ø-yóh₁ [accusative, dual], -yóms [accusative, plural], Ø-yóms [accusative, plural], -yósyo [genitive, singular], Ø-yósyo [genitive, singular], - [dual, genitive], -yóHom [genitive, plural], Ø-yóHom [genitive, plural], -yéad [ablative, singular], Ø-yéad [ablative, singular], - [ablative, dual], -yómos [ablative, plural], Ø-yómos [ablative, plural], -yóey [dative, singular], Ø-yóey [dative, singular], - [dative, dual], -yómos [dative, plural], Ø-yómos [dative, plural], -yéy [locative, singular], Ø-yéy [locative, singular], -yóy [locative, singular], Ø-yóy [locative, singular], - [dual, locative], -yóysu [locative, plural], Ø-yóysu [locative, plural], -yóh₁ [instrumental, singular], Ø-yóh₁ [instrumental, singular], - [dual, instrumental], -yṓys [instrumental, plural], Ø-yṓys [instrumental, plural], -yéh₂ [nominative, singular], Ø-yéh₂ [nominative, singular], -yéh₂h₁ [dual, nominative], -yéh₂h₁e [dual, nominative], Ø₁ [dual, nominative], Ø₁e [dual, nominative], -yéh₂es [nominative, plural], Ø-yéh₂es [nominative, plural], -yéh₂ [singular, vocative], Ø-yéh₂ [singular, vocative], -yéh₂h₁ [dual, vocative], -yéh₂h₁e [dual, vocative], Ø₁ [dual, vocative], Ø₁e [dual, vocative], -yéh₂es [plural, vocative], Ø-yéh₂es [plural, vocative], -yā́m [accusative, singular], Ø-yā́m [accusative, singular], -yéh₂h₁ [accusative, dual], -yéh₂h₁e [accusative, dual], Ø₁ [accusative, dual], Ø₁e [accusative, dual], -yéh₂m̥s [accusative, plural], Ø-yéh₂m̥s [accusative, plural], -yéh₂s [genitive, singular], Ø-yéh₂s [genitive, singular], -yéh₂oHom [genitive, plural], Ø-yéh₂oHom [genitive, plural], -yéh₂s [ablative, singular], Ø-yéh₂s [ablative, singular], -yéh₂mos [ablative, plural], Ø-yéh₂mos [ablative, plural], -yéh₂ey [dative, singular], Ø-yéh₂ey [dative, singular], -yéh₂mos [dative, plural], Ø-yéh₂mos [dative, plural], -yéh₂ [locative, singular], Ø-yéh₂ [locative, singular], -yéh₂i [locative, singular], Ø-yéh₂i [locative, singular], -yéh₂su [locative, plural], Ø-yéh₂su [locative, plural], -yéh₂h₁ [instrumental, singular], Ø-yéh₂h₁ [instrumental, singular], -yéh₂mis [instrumental, plural], Ø-yéh₂mis [instrumental, plural], -yóm [nominative, singular], Ø-yóm [nominative, singular], -yóy [dual, nominative], -yóyh₁ [dual, nominative], Øy [dual, nominative], Øyh₁ [dual, nominative], -yéh₂ [nominative, plural], Ø-yéh₂ [nominative, plural], -yóm [singular, vocative], Ø-yóm [singular, vocative], -yóy [dual, vocative], -yóyh₁ [dual, vocative], Øy [dual, vocative], Øyh₁ [dual, vocative], -yéh₂ [plural, vocative], Ø-yéh₂ [plural, vocative], -yóy [accusative, dual], -yóyh₁ [accusative, dual], Øy [accusative, dual], Øyh₁ [accusative, dual], -yéh₂ [accusative, plural], Ø-yéh₂ [accusative, plural]
  1. Creates adjectives from noun stems. Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Derived forms (Hellenic): Ancient Greek: -εῖος (-eîos), -ήϊος→ Latin: -ēus (-ḗïos) (english: partially) Derived forms (Proto-Italic: *-eos): -eus [Latin]
    Sense id: en--yós-ine-pro-suffix-X2PLxTwb

Download JSON data for -yós meaning in Proto-Indo-European (12.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*-jas"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-jas",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-jas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-ỹs",
            "3": "-ias"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: -ỹs, -ias",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-jas"
          },
          "expansion": "-jas",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: -ỹs, -ias/-jas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-jь"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *-jь",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *-jь (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Hellenic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "-ιος"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: -ιος (-ios)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: -ιος (-ios)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Italic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-ius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -ius",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -ius"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*-yás"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-yás",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-yás"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": "*-yás"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-yás",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-yás"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "-य",
            "tr": "-yá"
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: -य (-yá)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: -य (-yá)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ira-pro",
            "2": "*-yáh"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Iranian: *-yáh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Iranian: *-yáh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "-𐬌𐬌𐬀"
          },
          "expansion": "Avestan: -𐬌𐬌𐬀 (-iia)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀",
            "3": "",
            "t": "made from Haoma"
          },
          "expansion": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀 (haomiia, “made from Haoma”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀",
            "3": "",
            "t": "Haoma"
          },
          "expansion": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma, “Haoma”)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Avestan: -𐬌𐬌𐬀 (-iia) (e.g. 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀 (haomiia, “made from Haoma”) from 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma, “Haoma”))"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*-jaz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *-jaz",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *-jaz"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "-ᛃᚨᛉ",
            "3": "-ᛁᛉ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: -ᛃᚨᛉ (-jaʀ), -ᛁᛉ (-iʀ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: -ᛃᚨᛉ (-jaʀ), -ᛁᛉ (-iʀ)"
    }
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "(Ø)-yós",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóms",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóms",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yósyo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yósyo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "locative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóysu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóysu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yṓys",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yṓys",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂m̥s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂m̥s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂oHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂oHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂ey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂ey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂su",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂su",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "adjective-forming suffixes",
        "head": "*(Ø)-yós"
      },
      "expansion": "*(Ø)-yós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(Ø)-yó"
      },
      "name": "ine-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-yós",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "derived": [
        {
          "roman": "-eîos",
          "sense": "Hellenic",
          "word": "Ancient Greek: -εῖος"
        },
        {
          "english": "partially",
          "roman": "-ḗïos",
          "sense": "Hellenic",
          "word": "-ήϊος→ Latin: -ēus"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-Italic: *-eos",
          "tags": [
            "Latin"
          ],
          "word": "-eus"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Creates adjectives from noun stems."
      ],
      "id": "en--yós-ine-pro-suffix-X2PLxTwb",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-yós"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "roman": "-eîos",
      "sense": "Hellenic",
      "word": "Ancient Greek: -εῖος"
    },
    {
      "english": "partially",
      "roman": "-ḗïos",
      "sense": "Hellenic",
      "word": "-ήϊος→ Latin: -ēus"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-Italic: *-eos",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "word": "-eus"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ine-bsl-pro",
            "2": "*-jas"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-jas",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-jas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-ỹs",
            "3": "-ias"
          },
          "expansion": "Lithuanian: -ỹs, -ias",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lt",
            "2": "-jas"
          },
          "expansion": "-jas",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Lithuanian: -ỹs, -ias/-jas"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sla-pro",
            "2": "*-jь"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Slavic: *-jь",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Slavic: *-jь (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Hellenic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "grc",
            "2": "-ιος"
          },
          "expansion": "Ancient Greek: -ιος (-ios)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ancient Greek: -ιος (-ios)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Italic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "la",
            "2": "-ius"
          },
          "expansion": "Latin: -ius",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Latin: -ius"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "iir-pro",
            "2": "*-yás"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-yás",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-yás"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "inc-pro",
            "2": "*-yás"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-yás",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Indo-Aryan: *-yás"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sa",
            "2": "-य",
            "tr": "-yá"
          },
          "expansion": "Sanskrit: -य (-yá)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Sanskrit: -य (-yá)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ira-pro",
            "2": "*-yáh"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Iranian: *-yáh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Iranian: *-yáh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "-𐬌𐬌𐬀"
          },
          "expansion": "Avestan: -𐬌𐬌𐬀 (-iia)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀",
            "3": "",
            "t": "made from Haoma"
          },
          "expansion": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀 (haomiia, “made from Haoma”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ae",
            "2": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀",
            "3": "",
            "t": "Haoma"
          },
          "expansion": "𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma, “Haoma”)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Avestan: -𐬌𐬌𐬀 (-iia) (e.g. 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬌𐬌𐬀 (haomiia, “made from Haoma”) from 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma, “Haoma”))"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*-jaz"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic: *-jaz",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Germanic: *-jaz"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "-ᛃᚨᛉ",
            "3": "-ᛁᛉ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: -ᛃᚨᛉ (-jaʀ), -ᛁᛉ (-iʀ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: -ᛃᚨᛉ (-jaʀ), -ᛁᛉ (-iʀ)"
    }
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "(Ø)-yós",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóms",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóms",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yósyo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yósyo",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yómos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "locative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóysu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóysu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yṓys",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yṓys",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂es",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø₁e",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂m̥s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂m̥s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂oHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂oHom",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂ey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂ey",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂i",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂su",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂su",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂h₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂mis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂mis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yóyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øy",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Øyh₁",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Ø-yéh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "adjective-forming suffixes",
        "head": "*(Ø)-yós"
      },
      "expansion": "*(Ø)-yós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(Ø)-yó"
      },
      "name": "ine-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-yós",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Indo-European adjective-forming suffixes",
        "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
        "Proto-Indo-European suffixes",
        "Proto-Indo-European thematic adjectives"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Creates adjectives from noun stems."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-yós"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Indo-European dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.