"-kt" meaning in Proto-Indo-European

See -kt in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: Limited to PNIE and possibly built upon an intrusive velar or a velar extension. Head templates: {{head|ine-pro|suffix|cat2=verb-forming suffixes|head=*-kt}} *-kt Inflection templates: {{ine-conj-pf|(é)-k|(∅)-k}} Forms: perfective [table-tags], -km̥ [first-person, indicative, singular], é-km̥ [first-person, indicative, singular], - [first-person, imperative, singular], -koh₂ [first-person, singular, subjunctive], é-koh₂ [first-person, singular, subjunctive], (∅)-kyéh₁m̥ [first-person, optative, singular], -ks [indicative, second-person, singular], é-ks [indicative, second-person, singular], -k [imperative, second-person, singular], é-k [imperative, second-person, singular], (∅)-kdʰí [imperative, second-person, singular], -kesi [second-person, singular, subjunctive], é-kesi [second-person, singular, subjunctive], (∅)-kyéh₁s [optative, second-person, singular], -kt [indicative, singular, third-person], é-kt [indicative, singular, third-person], -ktu [imperative, singular, third-person], é-ktu [imperative, singular, third-person], -keti [singular, subjunctive, third-person], é-keti [singular, subjunctive, third-person], (∅)-kyéh₁t [optative, singular, third-person], (∅)-kwé [dual, first-person, indicative], - [dual, first-person, imperative], -kowos [dual, first-person, subjunctive], é-kowos [dual, first-person, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁wé [dual, first-person, optative], (∅)-któm [dual, indicative, second-person], (∅)-któm [dual, imperative, second-person], -ketes [dual, second-person, subjunctive], é-ketes [dual, second-person, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁tóm [dual, optative, second-person], (∅)-ktā́m [dual, indicative, third-person], (∅)-ktā́m [dual, imperative, third-person], -ketes [dual, subjunctive, third-person], é-ketes [dual, subjunctive, third-person], (∅)-kih₁tā́m [dual, optative, third-person], (∅)-kmé [first-person, indicative, plural], - [first-person, imperative, plural], -komos [first-person, plural, subjunctive], é-komos [first-person, plural, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁mé [first-person, optative, plural], (∅)-kté [indicative, plural, second-person], (∅)-kté [imperative, plural, second-person], -kete [plural, second-person, subjunctive], é-kete [plural, second-person, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁té [optative, plural, second-person], (∅)-ként [indicative, plural, third-person], (∅)-kéntu [imperative, plural, third-person], -konti [plural, subjunctive, third-person], é-konti [plural, subjunctive, third-person], (∅)-kih₁ént [optative, plural, third-person], (∅)-kónts [indicative, participle], (∅)-kh₂é [first-person, indicative, singular], -koh₂er [first-person, singular, subjunctive], é-koh₂er [first-person, singular, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁h₂é [first-person, optative, singular], (∅)-kth₂é [indicative, second-person, singular], (∅)-ksó [imperative, second-person, singular], -keth₂er [second-person, singular, subjunctive], é-keth₂er [second-person, singular, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁th₂é [optative, second-person, singular], (∅)-któ [indicative, singular, third-person], (∅)-kó [indicative, singular, third-person], - [imperative, singular, third-person], -ketor [singular, subjunctive, third-person], é-ketor [singular, subjunctive, third-person], (∅)-kih₁tó [optative, singular, third-person], (∅)-kih₁ó [optative, singular, third-person], (∅)-kwédʰh₂ [dual, first-person, indicative], -kowosdʰh₂ [dual, first-person, subjunctive], é-kowosdʰh₂ [dual, first-person, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁wédʰh₂ [dual, first-person, optative], - [dual, indicative, second-person], - [dual, imperative, second-person], - [dual, second-person, subjunctive], - [dual, optative, second-person], - [dual, indicative, third-person], - [dual, imperative, third-person], - [dual, subjunctive, third-person], - [dual, optative, third-person], (∅)-kmédʰh₂ [first-person, indicative, plural], -komosdʰh₂ [first-person, plural, subjunctive], é-komosdʰh₂ [first-person, plural, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁médʰh₂ [first-person, optative, plural], (∅)-kdʰh₂wé [indicative, plural, second-person], (∅)-kdʰh₂wé [imperative, plural, second-person], -kedʰh₂we [plural, second-person, subjunctive], é-kedʰh₂we [plural, second-person, subjunctive], (∅)-kih₁dʰh₂wé [optative, plural, second-person], (∅)-kró [indicative, plural, third-person], (∅)-kn̥tó [indicative, plural, third-person], - [imperative, plural, third-person], -koror [plural, subjunctive, third-person], é-koror [plural, subjunctive, third-person], -kontor [plural, subjunctive, third-person], é-kontor [plural, subjunctive, third-person], (∅)-kih₁ró [optative, plural, third-person], (∅)-kih₁n̥tó [optative, plural, third-person], (∅)-km̥h₁nós [indicative, participle]
  1. Forms perfective verbs from roots. Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Derived forms (Proto-Hellenic: *-kə): -κα (-ka) [Ancient-Greek]
    Sense id: en--kt-ine-pro-suffix-5yaNyI2T

Download JSON data for -kt meaning in Proto-Indo-European (10.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Limited to PNIE and possibly built upon an intrusive velar or a velar extension.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-conj-pf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-km̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-km̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁m̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ks",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ks",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-k",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-k",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰí",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kesi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kesi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ktu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ktu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-keti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-keti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁t",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kwé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kowos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kowos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "optative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ktā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ktā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kmé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-komos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-komos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁mé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kté",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kté",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kete",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kete",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁té",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ként",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kéntu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-konti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-konti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ént",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kónts",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kh₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koh₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koh₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁h₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kth₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ksó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-keth₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-keth₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁th₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kwédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kowosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kowosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁wédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "optative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kmédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-komosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-komosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁médʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kedʰh₂we",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kedʰh₂we",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁dʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kró",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kn̥tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koror",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koror",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kontor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kontor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ró",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁n̥tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-km̥h₁nós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "participle"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "verb-forming suffixes",
        "head": "*-kt"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kt",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(é)-k",
        "2": "(∅)-k"
      },
      "name": "ine-conj-pf"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-kt",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "derived": [
        {
          "roman": "-ka",
          "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-kə",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient-Greek"
          ],
          "word": "-κα"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms perfective verbs from roots."
      ],
      "id": "en--kt-ine-pro-suffix-5yaNyI2T",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kt"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "roman": "-ka",
      "sense": "Proto-Hellenic: *-kə",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient-Greek"
      ],
      "word": "-κα"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Limited to PNIE and possibly built upon an intrusive velar or a velar extension.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "perfective",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ine-conj-pf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-km̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-km̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁m̥",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ks",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ks",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-k",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-k",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰí",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kesi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kesi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁s",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kt",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ktu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ktu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-keti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-keti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kyéh₁t",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kwé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kowos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kowos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "optative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tóm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ktā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ktā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tā́m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kmé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-komos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-komos",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁mé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kté",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kté",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kete",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kete",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁té",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ként",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kéntu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-konti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-konti",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ént",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kónts",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "participle"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kh₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koh₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koh₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁h₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kth₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-ksó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-keth₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-keth₂er",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁th₂é",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-któ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ketor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-ketor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kwédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kowosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kowosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁wédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "optative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "optative",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kmédʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-komosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-komosdʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁médʰh₂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "optative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kdʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kedʰh₂we",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kedʰh₂we",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁dʰh₂wé",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kró",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kn̥tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-koror",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-koror",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kontor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "é-kontor",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁ró",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-kih₁n̥tó",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "optative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "(∅)-km̥h₁nós",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "participle"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "verb-forming suffixes",
        "head": "*-kt"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kt",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "(é)-k",
        "2": "(∅)-k"
      },
      "name": "ine-conj-pf"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Indo-European",
  "lang_code": "ine-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-kt",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Indo-European lemmas",
        "Proto-Indo-European root athematic aorist verbs",
        "Proto-Indo-European suffixes",
        "Proto-Indo-European terms with redundant head parameter",
        "Proto-Indo-European verb-forming suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms perfective verbs from roots."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kt"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Indo-European dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.