"weruz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See weruz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈwe.ruz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”). Compare Latin varus (“pimple”). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*wer-|id=rise}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*wer-|id=rise|t=high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister}} Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”), {{cog|la|varus||pimple|id=pimple}} Latin varus (“pimple”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], weruz [nominative, singular], wiriwiz [nominative, plural], weru [singular, vocative], wiriwiz [plural, vocative], werų [accusative, singular], werunz [accusative, plural], werauz [genitive, singular], wiriwǫ̂ [genitive, plural], wiriwi [dative, singular], werumaz [dative, plural], werū [instrumental, singular], werumiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) lip Tags: feminine, reconstruction Synonyms: warzuz (alt: ?) Derived forms: werulō
    Sense id: en-weruz-gem-pro-noun-isHvU4HK Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for weruz meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*weru"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *weru",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*werulu"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulu",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *weru; *werulu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "weler",
            "3": "weolor",
            "4": "welur",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old English: weler, weolor, welur",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*werulō"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old English: weler, weolor, welur (< *werulō)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "were"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: were",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: were"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "ware",
            "3": "were"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: ware, were",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: ware, were"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "vǫrr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: vǫrr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: vǫrr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "vör"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: vör",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: vör"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "vørr"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: vørr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: vørr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉 (wairilō)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*werulō"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉 (wairilō) (< *werulō)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wer-",
        "id": "rise"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wer-",
        "id": "rise",
        "t": "high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "varus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pimple",
        "id": "pimple"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin varus (“pimple”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”). Compare Latin varus (“pimple”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "weruz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "weru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/weruz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "werulō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "lip"
      ],
      "id": "en-weruz-gem-pro-noun-isHvU4HK",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "lip",
          "lip"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) lip"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "alt": "?",
          "word": "warzuz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈwe.ruz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "weruz"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "werulō"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*weru"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *weru",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*werulu"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulu",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *weru; *werulu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "weler",
            "3": "weolor",
            "4": "welur",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old English: weler, weolor, welur",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*werulō"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old English: weler, weolor, welur (< *werulō)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "were"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: were",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: were"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "ware",
            "3": "were"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: ware, were",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: ware, were"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "vǫrr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: vǫrr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: vǫrr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "vör"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: vör",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: vör"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "vørr"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: vørr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: vørr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉 (wairilō)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*werulō"
          },
          "expansion": "*werulō",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍉 (wairilō) (< *werulō)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wer-",
        "id": "rise"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wer-",
        "id": "rise",
        "t": "high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "varus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pimple",
        "id": "pimple"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin varus (“pimple”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *wer- (“high, raised area, tuber, lump, blister”). Compare Latin varus (“pimple”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "weruz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "weru",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werauz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wiriwi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werumaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "werumiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/weruz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *wer- (rise)",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic u-stem nouns",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "lip"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "lip",
          "lip"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) lip"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈwe.ruz/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "alt": "?",
      "word": "warzuz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "weruz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.