"twai" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See twai in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: /twɑi̯/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ with plural suffix *-i. Compare *þai (“they, those”), from demonstrative root *þa-. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*dwóh₁}} Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁, {{m|gem-pro|*þai||they, those}} *þai (“they, those”), {{m|gem-pro|*þa-}} *þa- Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|numeral}} *twai Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-num-2}} Forms: irregular [table-tags], twai? *twain-? [masculine, nominative, plural], twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz? [feminine, nominative, plural], twō? *twa-ō? *twai? [neuter, nominative, plural], twanz? [accusative, masculine, plural], twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz? [accusative, feminine, plural], twō? *twa-ō? *twai? [accusative, neuter, plural], twajjǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural], twajjǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural], twajjǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural], twaimaz [dative, masculine, plural], twaimaz [dative, feminine, plural], twaimaz [dative, neuter, plural], twaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural], twaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural], twaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural]
  1. two Tags: reconstruction

Download JSON data for twai meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*twai-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *twai-\nOld English: twēġen m, twā f, tū, twā n\nMiddle English: twei, tweine, two, twa, tu\nEnglish: twain, two, tway (obsolete)\nScots: twa, twae\nYola: twye\nOld Frisian: twēne, twā\nNorth Frisian: tou\nSaterland Frisian: twäin, two\nWest Frisian: twa\nOld Saxon: twēne, twēna m, twō, twā f, twē n\nMiddle Low German: twê, twî\nGerman Low German: twee\nPlautdietsch: twee\nOld Dutch: twēne m, twē\nMiddle Dutch: twee, twe\nDutch: twee\nAfrikaans: twee\nOld High German: zwēne m\nMiddle High German: zwēne m, zwō f, zwei n\nAlemannic German: zwei, zwe, zwo, zwöi, zwee, zwa, zwoi, zwea, zwuo\nBavarian: zwoa, zwo\nCimbrian:\nLuserna: zboa\nSette Comuni: sbéen m or n, sbòa f\nMòcheno: zboa\nCentral Franconian: zwei, zwien; zwo, zwu\nHunsrik: zweu\nLuxembourgish: zwéin m, zwou f, zwee n\nEast Franconian: zwej\nEast Central German:\nUpper Saxon German: zwee\nGerman: zwei, (rarer) zwo, (obsolete) zween\nRhine Franconian:\nPalatine German: zwee\nPennsylvania German: zwee\nVilamovian: cwē\nYiddish: צוויי (tsvey)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *twai-\nOld English: twēġen m, twā f, tū, twā n\nMiddle English: twei, tweine, two, twa, tu\nEnglish: twain, two, tway (obsolete)\nScots: twa, twae\nYola: twye\nOld Frisian: twēne, twā\nNorth Frisian: tou\nSaterland Frisian: twäin, two\nWest Frisian: twa\nOld Saxon: twēne, twēna m, twō, twā f, twē n\nMiddle Low German: twê, twî\nGerman Low German: twee\nPlautdietsch: twee\nOld Dutch: twēne m, twē\nMiddle Dutch: twee, twe\nDutch: twee\nAfrikaans: twee\nOld High German: zwēne m\nMiddle High German: zwēne m, zwō f, zwei n\nAlemannic German: zwei, zwe, zwo, zwöi, zwee, zwa, zwoi, zwea, zwuo\nBavarian: zwoa, zwo\nCimbrian:\nLuserna: zboa\nSette Comuni: sbéen m or n, sbòa f\nMòcheno: zboa\nCentral Franconian: zwei, zwien; zwo, zwu\nHunsrik: zweu\nLuxembourgish: zwéin m, zwou f, zwee n\nEast Franconian: zwej\nEast Central German:\nUpper Saxon German: zwee\nGerman: zwei, (rarer) zwo, (obsolete) zween\nRhine Franconian:\nPalatine German: zwee\nPennsylvania German: zwee\nVilamovian: cwē\nYiddish: צוויי (tsvey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "tveir",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: tveir m\nIcelandic: tveir m\nFaroese: tveir m\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tvo, to; tvei m\nNorwegian: (dialectal) tvó, tó; två, tveir m\nDalian: tver, twèr m or f\nOld Swedish: tvēr, twē, tvā m\nSwedish: två\nOld Danish: twā, two, to\nDanish: to\nNorwegian Bokmål: to\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: to\nGutnish: tweir\n→ Old Frisian: twēr",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: tveir m\nIcelandic: tveir m\nFaroese: tveir m\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tvo, to; tvei m\nNorwegian: (dialectal) tvó, tó; två, tveir m\nDalian: tver, twèr m or f\nOld Swedish: tvēr, twē, tvā m\nSwedish: två\nOld Danish: twā, two, to\nDanish: to\nNorwegian Bokmål: to\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: to\nGutnish: tweir\n→ Old Frisian: twēr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 (twai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 (twai)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*dwóh₁"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þai",
        "3": "",
        "4": "they, those"
      },
      "expansion": "*þai (“they, those”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þa-"
      },
      "expansion": "*þa-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ with plural suffix *-i. Compare *þai (“they, those”), from demonstrative root *þa-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-num-2",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twai? *twain-?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twō? *twa-ō? *twai?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twanz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twō? *twa-ō? *twai?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "numeral"
      },
      "expansion": "*twai",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-num-2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twai",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "two"
      ],
      "id": "twai-gem-pro-num-P8TM~nRY",
      "links": [
        [
          "two",
          "two"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/twɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twai"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*twai-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *twai-\nOld English: twēġen m, twā f, tū, twā n\nMiddle English: twei, tweine, two, twa, tu\nEnglish: twain, two, tway (obsolete)\nScots: twa, twae\nYola: twye\nOld Frisian: twēne, twā\nNorth Frisian: tou\nSaterland Frisian: twäin, two\nWest Frisian: twa\nOld Saxon: twēne, twēna m, twō, twā f, twē n\nMiddle Low German: twê, twî\nGerman Low German: twee\nPlautdietsch: twee\nOld Dutch: twēne m, twē\nMiddle Dutch: twee, twe\nDutch: twee\nAfrikaans: twee\nOld High German: zwēne m\nMiddle High German: zwēne m, zwō f, zwei n\nAlemannic German: zwei, zwe, zwo, zwöi, zwee, zwa, zwoi, zwea, zwuo\nBavarian: zwoa, zwo\nCimbrian:\nLuserna: zboa\nSette Comuni: sbéen m or n, sbòa f\nMòcheno: zboa\nCentral Franconian: zwei, zwien; zwo, zwu\nHunsrik: zweu\nLuxembourgish: zwéin m, zwou f, zwee n\nEast Franconian: zwej\nEast Central German:\nUpper Saxon German: zwee\nGerman: zwei, (rarer) zwo, (obsolete) zween\nRhine Franconian:\nPalatine German: zwee\nPennsylvania German: zwee\nVilamovian: cwē\nYiddish: צוויי (tsvey)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *twai-\nOld English: twēġen m, twā f, tū, twā n\nMiddle English: twei, tweine, two, twa, tu\nEnglish: twain, two, tway (obsolete)\nScots: twa, twae\nYola: twye\nOld Frisian: twēne, twā\nNorth Frisian: tou\nSaterland Frisian: twäin, two\nWest Frisian: twa\nOld Saxon: twēne, twēna m, twō, twā f, twē n\nMiddle Low German: twê, twî\nGerman Low German: twee\nPlautdietsch: twee\nOld Dutch: twēne m, twē\nMiddle Dutch: twee, twe\nDutch: twee\nAfrikaans: twee\nOld High German: zwēne m\nMiddle High German: zwēne m, zwō f, zwei n\nAlemannic German: zwei, zwe, zwo, zwöi, zwee, zwa, zwoi, zwea, zwuo\nBavarian: zwoa, zwo\nCimbrian:\nLuserna: zboa\nSette Comuni: sbéen m or n, sbòa f\nMòcheno: zboa\nCentral Franconian: zwei, zwien; zwo, zwu\nHunsrik: zweu\nLuxembourgish: zwéin m, zwou f, zwee n\nEast Franconian: zwej\nEast Central German:\nUpper Saxon German: zwee\nGerman: zwei, (rarer) zwo, (obsolete) zween\nRhine Franconian:\nPalatine German: zwee\nPennsylvania German: zwee\nVilamovian: cwē\nYiddish: צוויי (tsvey)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "tveir",
            "g": "m"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: tveir m\nIcelandic: tveir m\nFaroese: tveir m\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tvo, to; tvei m\nNorwegian: (dialectal) tvó, tó; två, tveir m\nDalian: tver, twèr m or f\nOld Swedish: tvēr, twē, tvā m\nSwedish: två\nOld Danish: twā, two, to\nDanish: to\nNorwegian Bokmål: to\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: to\nGutnish: tweir\n→ Old Frisian: twēr",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: tveir m\nIcelandic: tveir m\nFaroese: tveir m\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tvo, to; tvei m\nNorwegian: (dialectal) tvó, tó; två, tveir m\nDalian: tver, twèr m or f\nOld Swedish: tvēr, twē, tvā m\nSwedish: två\nOld Danish: twā, two, to\nDanish: to\nNorwegian Bokmål: to\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: to\nGutnish: tweir\n→ Old Frisian: twēr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 (twai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 (twai)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*dwóh₁"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þai",
        "3": "",
        "4": "they, those"
      },
      "expansion": "*þai (“they, those”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þa-"
      },
      "expansion": "*þa-",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ with plural suffix *-i. Compare *þai (“they, those”), from demonstrative root *þa-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-num-2",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twai? *twain-?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twō? *twa-ō? *twai?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twanz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twōz? *twaōz? *twaiōz?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twō? *twa-ō? *twai?",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twajjǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "twaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "numeral"
      },
      "expansion": "*twai",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-num-2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twai",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic numerals",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "two"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "two",
          "two"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/twɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twai"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.