"skaggiją" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See skaggiją in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From *skag- (“to emerge, stick out”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-, *(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”) + *-gją, *-gjô, *-gô. Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro|*skag-|t=to emerge, stick out}} *skag- (“to emerge, stick out”), {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*(s)kek-}} Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-, {{m|ine-pro|*(s)keg-|t=to jump, skip, move, hurry}} *(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”), {{suf|gem-pro||*gją}} + *-gją, {{m|gem-pro|*-gjô}} *-gjô, {{m|gem-pro|*-gô}} *-gô Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], skaggiją [nominative, singular], skaggijō [nominative, plural], skaggiją [singular, vocative], skaggijō [plural, vocative], skaggiją [accusative, singular], skaggijō [accusative, plural], skaggijas [genitive, singular], skaggīs [genitive, singular], skaggijǫ̂ [genitive, plural], skaggijai [dative, singular], skaggijamaz [dative, plural], skaggijō [instrumental, singular], skaggijamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. that which protrudes or sticks out Tags: neuter, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-PvAnxq1U
  2. (nautical) stem (of a ship) Tags: neuter, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-6nMRQ6Vf Topics: nautical, transport
  3. (North Germanic) beard Tags: Germanic, North, neuter, reconstruction Synonyms: *bardaz
    Sense id: en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-lBGSq7CG Categories (other): North Proto-Germanic, Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-gją Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 30 22 48 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-gją: 16 11 73
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: skaggijaz, skagją, skaggô

Download JSON data for skaggiją meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*skaggō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *skaggō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*skaggô"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *skaggô",
          "name": "m+"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *skaggō (< Proto-Germanic *skaggô)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sċeacga"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sċeacga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sċeacga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "*schagge",
            "3": "*shagge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: *schagge, *shagge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: *schagge, *shagge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "schage",
            "3": "schaig",
            "4": "schagg"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: schage, schaig, schagg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: schage, schaig, schagg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "shag"
          },
          "expansion": "English: shag",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: shag"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "skjegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: skjegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: skjegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "skæg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: skæg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: skæg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "skägg"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: skägg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: skägg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "skæg"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: skæg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: skæg"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*skag-",
        "t": "to emerge, stick out"
      },
      "expansion": "*skag- (“to emerge, stick out”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)kek-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*(s)keg-",
        "t": "to jump, skip, move, hurry"
      },
      "expansion": "*(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*gją"
      },
      "expansion": "+ *-gją",
      "name": "suf"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-gjô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-gjô",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-gô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-gô",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *skag- (“to emerge, stick out”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-, *(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”) + *-gją, *-gjô, *-gô.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ja-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggīs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/skaggiją",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "that which protrudes or sticks out"
      ],
      "id": "en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-PvAnxq1U",
      "links": [
        [
          "protrude",
          "protrude"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: *keluz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "stem (of a ship)"
      ],
      "id": "en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-6nMRQ6Vf",
      "links": [
        [
          "nautical",
          "nautical"
        ],
        [
          "stem",
          "stem"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nautical) stem (of a ship)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "nautical",
        "transport"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "North Proto-Germanic",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "30 22 48",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 11 73",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-gją",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beard"
      ],
      "id": "en-skaggiją-gem-pro-noun-lBGSq7CG",
      "links": [
        [
          "beard",
          "beard"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(North Germanic) beard"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*bardaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Germanic",
        "North",
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "skaggijaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "skagją"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "skaggô"
    }
  ],
  "word": "skaggiją"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic ja-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic neuter nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-gją"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*skaggō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *skaggō",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "*skaggô"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *skaggô",
          "name": "m+"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *skaggō (< Proto-Germanic *skaggô)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "sċeacga"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: sċeacga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: sċeacga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "*schagge",
            "3": "*shagge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: *schagge, *shagge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: *schagge, *shagge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "schage",
            "3": "schaig",
            "4": "schagg"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: schage, schaig, schagg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: schage, schaig, schagg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "shag"
          },
          "expansion": "English: shag",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: shag"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "skegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: skegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: skegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "skjegg"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: skjegg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: skjegg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "skæg"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: skæg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: skæg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "skägg"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: skägg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: skägg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "skæg"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: skæg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: skæg"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*skag-",
        "t": "to emerge, stick out"
      },
      "expansion": "*skag- (“to emerge, stick out”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)kek-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*(s)keg-",
        "t": "to jump, skip, move, hurry"
      },
      "expansion": "*(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*gją"
      },
      "expansion": "+ *-gją",
      "name": "suf"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-gjô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-gjô",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-gô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-gô",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *skag- (“to emerge, stick out”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-, *(s)keg- (“to jump, skip, move, hurry”) + *-gją, *-gjô, *-gô.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ja-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggiją",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggīs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "skaggijamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/skaggiją",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "that which protrudes or sticks out"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "protrude",
          "protrude"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Nautical",
        "gem-pro:Ship parts"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Coordinate term: *keluz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "stem (of a ship)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "nautical",
          "nautical"
        ],
        [
          "stem",
          "stem"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nautical) stem (of a ship)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "nautical",
        "transport"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "North Proto-Germanic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beard"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "beard",
          "beard"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(North Germanic) beard"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*bardaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Germanic",
        "North",
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "skaggijaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "skagją"
    },
    {
      "word": "skaggô"
    }
  ],
  "word": "skaggiją"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.