"meltǭ" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See meltǭ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈmel.tɔ̃ː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*(s)meld-|t=to beat, grind, crush, weaken}} Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], meltǭ [nominative, singular], meltōniz [nominative, plural], meltǭ [singular, vocative], meltōniz [plural, vocative], meltōnų [accusative, singular], meltōnunz [accusative, plural], meltōniz [genitive, singular], meltōnǫ̂ [genitive, plural], meltōni [dative, singular], meltōmaz [dative, plural], meltōnē [instrumental, singular], meltōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) spleen Tags: feminine, reconstruction Related terms: miltiją, miltijaz
    Sense id: en-meltǭ-gem-pro-noun-nUhmcM~7 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for meltǭ meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*meltā",
            "3": "*miltijā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *meltā, *miltijā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *meltā, *miltijā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: milte\nMiddle English: milte, milt, multe, mylt, mylte\nEnglish: milt\nScots: melt, meilt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: milte\nMiddle English: milte, milt, multe, mylt, mylte\nEnglish: milt\nScots: melt, meilt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "milt",
            "3": "melt"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: milt, melt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: milt, melt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*milta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *milta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *milta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Milt"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Milt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Milt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*milta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *milta\nMiddle Dutch: milte\nDutch: milt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *milta\nMiddle Dutch: milte\nDutch: milt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "milza"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: milza",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: milza"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "mjalti"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: mjalti",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: mjalti"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "mjelte"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: mjelte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: mjelte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "mjälta"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: mjälta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: mjälta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "miælte",
            "3": "mælte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: miælte, mælte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: miælte, mælte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "mjälte"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: mjälte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: mjälte"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)meld-",
        "t": "to beat, grind, crush, weaken"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/meltǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "id": "en-meltǭ-gem-pro-noun-nUhmcM~7",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) spleen"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "miltiją"
        },
        {
          "word": "miltijaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmel.tɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "meltǭ"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*meltā",
            "3": "*miltijā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *meltā, *miltijā",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *meltā, *miltijā"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: milte\nMiddle English: milte, milt, multe, mylt, mylte\nEnglish: milt\nScots: melt, meilt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: milte\nMiddle English: milte, milt, multe, mylt, mylte\nEnglish: milt\nScots: melt, meilt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "Milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: Milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: Milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "milt",
            "3": "melt"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: milt, melt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: milt, melt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*milta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *milta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *milta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "milte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: milte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: milte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Milt"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Milt",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Milt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*milta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *milta\nMiddle Dutch: milte\nDutch: milt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *milta\nMiddle Dutch: milte\nDutch: milt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "milza"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: milza",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: milza"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "mjalti"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: mjalti",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: mjalti"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "mjelte"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: mjelte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: mjelte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "mjälta"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: mjälta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: mjälta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "miælte",
            "3": "mælte"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: miælte, mælte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: miælte, mælte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "mjälte"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: mjälte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: mjälte"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)meld-",
        "t": "to beat, grind, crush, weaken"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *(s)meld- (“to beat, grind, crush, weaken”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meltōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/meltǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "miltiją"
    },
    {
      "word": "miltijaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic ōn-stem nouns",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) spleen"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmel.tɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "meltǭ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.