"mastaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See mastaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈmɑs.tɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *mostos, *mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”), Latin mālus (“pole, mast”). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*mostos}} Proto-Indo-European *mostos, {{m|ine-pro|*mozdos||plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast}} *mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”), {{cog|sla-pro|*mostъ||bridge, bridgework}} Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”), {{cog|la|mālus||pole, mast}} Latin mālus (“pole, mast”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], mastaz [nominative, singular], mastōz [nominative, plural], mastōs [nominative, plural], mast [singular, vocative], mastōz [plural, vocative], mastōs [plural, vocative], mastą [accusative, singular], mastanz [accusative, plural], mastas [genitive, singular], mastis [genitive, singular], mastǫ̂ [genitive, plural], mastai [dative, singular], mastamaz [dative, plural], mastō [instrumental, singular], mastamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. rod, pole, perch Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-v3ofE80q
  2. bar, plank Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-STvOcnXU
  3. (nautical) mast Tags: masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-XcdAtIYk Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 18 9 73 Topics: nautical, transport

Download JSON data for mastaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *mast\nOld English: mæst\nMiddle English: mast\nEnglish: mast\nScots: mast\nOld Frisian: *mast, *mest\nSaterland Frisian: Mäst\nWest Frisian: mêst\nOld Saxon: *mast\nMiddle Low German: mast\nGerman Low German: Mast\nOld Dutch: *mast\nMiddle Dutch: mast\nDutch: mast\nOld High German: mast\nMiddle High German: mast\nGerman: Mast\n→ Esperanto: masto\n→ Ido: masto\n→ Medieval Latin: mastus (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *mast\nOld English: mæst\nMiddle English: mast\nEnglish: mast\nScots: mast\nOld Frisian: *mast, *mest\nSaterland Frisian: Mäst\nWest Frisian: mêst\nOld Saxon: *mast\nMiddle Low German: mast\nGerman Low German: Mast\nOld Dutch: *mast\nMiddle Dutch: mast\nDutch: mast\nOld High German: mast\nMiddle High German: mast\nGerman: Mast\n→ Esperanto: masto\n→ Ido: masto\n→ Medieval Latin: mastus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "mastr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: mastr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: mastr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "mastur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: mastur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: mastur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "mastur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: mastur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: mastur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "masto",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Finnish: masto",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Finnish: masto"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: mast"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mostos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mostos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*mozdos",
        "3": "",
        "4": "plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast"
      },
      "expansion": "*mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*mostъ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "bridge, bridgework"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "mālus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pole, mast"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin mālus (“pole, mast”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *mostos, *mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”), Latin mālus (“pole, mast”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mast",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/mastaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "rod, pole, perch"
      ],
      "id": "en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-v3ofE80q",
      "links": [
        [
          "rod",
          "rod"
        ],
        [
          "pole",
          "pole"
        ],
        [
          "perch",
          "perch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bar, plank"
      ],
      "id": "en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-STvOcnXU",
      "links": [
        [
          "bar",
          "bar"
        ],
        [
          "plank",
          "plank"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "18 9 73",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "mast"
      ],
      "id": "en-mastaz-gem-pro-noun-XcdAtIYk",
      "links": [
        [
          "nautical",
          "nautical"
        ],
        [
          "mast",
          "mast"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nautical) mast"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "nautical",
        "transport"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmɑs.tɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "mastaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "gem-pro:Construction",
    "gem-pro:Ship parts"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *mast\nOld English: mæst\nMiddle English: mast\nEnglish: mast\nScots: mast\nOld Frisian: *mast, *mest\nSaterland Frisian: Mäst\nWest Frisian: mêst\nOld Saxon: *mast\nMiddle Low German: mast\nGerman Low German: Mast\nOld Dutch: *mast\nMiddle Dutch: mast\nDutch: mast\nOld High German: mast\nMiddle High German: mast\nGerman: Mast\n→ Esperanto: masto\n→ Ido: masto\n→ Medieval Latin: mastus (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *mast\nOld English: mæst\nMiddle English: mast\nEnglish: mast\nScots: mast\nOld Frisian: *mast, *mest\nSaterland Frisian: Mäst\nWest Frisian: mêst\nOld Saxon: *mast\nMiddle Low German: mast\nGerman Low German: Mast\nOld Dutch: *mast\nMiddle Dutch: mast\nDutch: mast\nOld High German: mast\nMiddle High German: mast\nGerman: Mast\n→ Esperanto: masto\n→ Ido: masto\n→ Medieval Latin: mastus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "mastr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: mastr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: mastr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "mastur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: mastur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: mastur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "mastur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: mastur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: mastur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: mast"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fi",
            "2": "masto",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Finnish: masto",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Finnish: masto"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "mast"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: mast",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: mast"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mostos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mostos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*mozdos",
        "3": "",
        "4": "plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast"
      },
      "expansion": "*mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*mostъ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "bridge, bridgework"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "mālus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pole, mast"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin mālus (“pole, mast”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *mostos, *mozdos (“plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast”). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *mostъ (“bridge, bridgework”), Latin mālus (“pole, mast”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mast",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mastamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/mastaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "rod, pole, perch"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "rod",
          "rod"
        ],
        [
          "pole",
          "pole"
        ],
        [
          "perch",
          "perch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bar, plank"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bar",
          "bar"
        ],
        [
          "plank",
          "plank"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "gem-pro:Nautical"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "mast"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "nautical",
          "nautical"
        ],
        [
          "mast",
          "mast"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nautical) mast"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "nautical",
        "transport"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmɑs.tɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "mastaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

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