"madarǭ" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See madarǭ in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈmɑ.ðɑ.rɔ̃ː/
Etymology: Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *modʰro-. Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*modʰro-}} Proto-Indo-European *modʰro- Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], madarǭ [nominative, singular], madarōniz [nominative, plural], madarǭ [singular, vocative], madarōniz [plural, vocative], madarōnų [accusative, singular], madarōnunz [accusative, plural], madarōniz [genitive, singular], madarōnǫ̂ [genitive, plural], madarōni [dative, singular], madarōmaz [dative, plural], madarōnē [instrumental, singular], madarōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (botany) madder (Rubia tinctorum) Tags: feminine, reconstruction Synonyms: maiþǭ
    Sense id: en-madarǭ-gem-pro-noun-xsYmcjmn Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: biology, botany, natural-sciences

Download JSON data for madarǭ meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.6kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*madarā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *madarā\nOld English: mædere, mædre, mæddre\nMiddle English: mader, madere, madur, madyr, madyre, maddir, madir, mædere\nEnglish: madder\nScots: mather, mader, madder, malder, maider (obsolete)\n→ Irish: madra, madar\nOld Saxon: *madara\nMiddle Low German: madre; māder m\nOld High German: matara, matra, matreia, matere, metere\nMiddle High German: matere",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *madarā\nOld English: mædere, mædre, mæddre\nMiddle English: mader, madere, madur, madyr, madyre, maddir, madir, mædere\nEnglish: madder\nScots: mather, mader, madder, malder, maider (obsolete)\n→ Irish: madra, madar\nOld Saxon: *madara\nMiddle Low German: madre; māder m\nOld High German: matara, matra, matreia, matere, metere\nMiddle High German: matere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "maðra"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: maðra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: maðra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "maðra"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: maðra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: maðra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "modre"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: modre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: modre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "madra"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: madra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: madra"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*modʰro-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *modʰro-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *modʰro-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarǭ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarǭ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnų",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnunz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnǫ̂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōmaz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnē",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōmiz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/madarǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "madder (Rubia tinctorum)"
      ],
      "id": "en-madarǭ-gem-pro-noun-xsYmcjmn",
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "madder",
          "madder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) madder (Rubia tinctorum)"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "maiþǭ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmɑ.ðɑ.rɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "madarǭ"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*madarā"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *madarā\nOld English: mædere, mædre, mæddre\nMiddle English: mader, madere, madur, madyr, madyre, maddir, madir, mædere\nEnglish: madder\nScots: mather, mader, madder, malder, maider (obsolete)\n→ Irish: madra, madar\nOld Saxon: *madara\nMiddle Low German: madre; māder m\nOld High German: matara, matra, matreia, matere, metere\nMiddle High German: matere",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *madarā\nOld English: mædere, mædre, mæddre\nMiddle English: mader, madere, madur, madyr, madyre, maddir, madir, mædere\nEnglish: madder\nScots: mather, mader, madder, malder, maider (obsolete)\n→ Irish: madra, madar\nOld Saxon: *madara\nMiddle Low German: madre; māder m\nOld High German: matara, matra, matreia, matere, metere\nMiddle High German: matere"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "maðra"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: maðra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: maðra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "maðra"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: maðra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: maðra"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "modre"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: modre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: modre"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "madra"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: madra",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: madra"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*modʰro-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *modʰro-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *modʰro-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ōn-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarǭ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarǭ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnų",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnunz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōniz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnǫ̂",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōmaz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōnē",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "madarōmiz",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/madarǭ",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic ōn-stem nouns",
        "gem-pro:Botany",
        "gem-pro:Plants"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "madder (Rubia tinctorum)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "madder",
          "madder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) madder (Rubia tinctorum)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmɑ.ðɑ.rɔ̃ː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "maiþǭ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "madarǭ"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.