"lungô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See lungô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈluŋ.ɡɔːː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁lengʷʰ-||light in weight; nimble}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=n}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], lungô [nominative, singular], lungōnō [nominative, plural], lungô [singular, vocative], lungōnō [plural, vocative], lungô [accusative, singular], lungōnō [accusative, plural], lunginiz [genitive, singular], lunganǫ̂ [genitive, plural], lungini [dative, singular], lungammaz [dative, plural], lunginē [instrumental, singular], lungammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) lung Tags: neuter, reconstruction Derived forms: lungumnijō, lungunjō, lunganjō Related terms: linhtaz (english: light)
    Sense id: en-lungô-gem-pro-noun-0Ix7c5~u Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for lungô meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: lunga f;"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: lunge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Lunge",
            "3": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Lunge, Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Lunge, Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*lunga"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *lunga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *lunga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: lunge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "long"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "long"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: lunga f;"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lungel"
          },
          "expansion": "lungel",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: lunge; lungel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "bar",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Bavarian: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bavarian: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Lungel"
          },
          "expansion": "Lungel",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Lunge; Lungel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "Long"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: Long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: Long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "lunga"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: lunga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: lunga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "lunge",
            "g": "f,m"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: lunge f or m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: lunge f or m"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: lunga f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "c"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: lunga c",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: lunga c"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "lunge",
            "g": "c"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: lunge c",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: lunge c"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-gut",
            "2": "lungge",
            "3": "lunggå"
          },
          "expansion": "Gutnish: lungge, lunggå",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gutnish: lungge, lunggå"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lengʷʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "light in weight; nimble"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunginiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunganǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunginē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/lungô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "lungumnijō"
        },
        {
          "word": "lungunjō"
        },
        {
          "word": "lunganjō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "lung"
      ],
      "id": "en-lungô-gem-pro-noun-0Ix7c5~u",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "lung",
          "lung"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) lung"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "light",
          "word": "linhtaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈluŋ.ɡɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lungô"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "lungumnijō"
    },
    {
      "word": "lungunjō"
    },
    {
      "word": "lunganjō"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: lunga f;"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: lunge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "Lunge",
            "3": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: Lunge, Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: Lunge, Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*lunga"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *lunga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *lunga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: lunge"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "long"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "long"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: lunga f;"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lungel"
          },
          "expansion": "lungel",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: lunge; lungel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "bar",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Bavarian: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bavarian: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Lunge"
          },
          "expansion": "German: Lunge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "Lungel"
          },
          "expansion": "Lungel",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: Lunge; Lungel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "hrx",
            "2": "Lung"
          },
          "expansion": "Hunsrik: Lung",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Hunsrik: Lung"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "Long"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: Long",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: Long"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "n"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: lunga n",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: lunga n"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "lunga"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: lunga",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: lunga"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "lunge",
            "g": "f,m"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: lunge f or m",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: lunge f or m"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "f"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: lunga f",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: lunga f"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "lunga",
            "g": "c"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: lunga c",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: lunga c"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "lunge",
            "g": "c"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: lunge c",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: lunge c"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-gut",
            "2": "lungge",
            "3": "lunggå"
          },
          "expansion": "Gutnish: lungge, lunggå",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gutnish: lungge, lunggå"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lengʷʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "light in weight; nimble"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (“light in weight; nimble”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunginiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunganǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunginē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lungammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/lungô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "light",
      "word": "linhtaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic neuter nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "lung"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "lung",
          "lung"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) lung"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈluŋ.ɡɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lungô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.