"laudaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See laudaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/
Etymology: From *leudaną (“to sprout; spring up; grow”). Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], laudaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], laudai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], laudō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], laudôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], laudą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -at [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], laudō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], laudanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], laudanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], laudǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], laudōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], laudą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -at [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], laudō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], laudas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], laudis [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], laudaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], laudaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], laudaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], laudas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], laudis [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], laudaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], laudammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], laudaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], laudaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], laudaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], laudammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], laudaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], laudanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], laudaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], laudaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], laudaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], laudanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], laudaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], laudô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], laudaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], laudǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], laudōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], laudô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], laudōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], laudanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], laudanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], laudōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], laudōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], laudô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], laudōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], laudiniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], laudanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], laudōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], laudōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], laudiniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], laudanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], laudini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], laudammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], laudōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], laudōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], laudini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], laudammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], laudinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], laudammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], laudōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], laudōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], laudinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], laudammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. large, great Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-laudaz-gem-pro-adj-jjt1OFIh
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun

IPA: /ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos, a o-grade formation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”), parallel to *liudiz (“man, person”). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁lówdʰos}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁lewdʰ-|t=to grow}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], laudaz [nominative, singular], laudōz [nominative, plural], laudōs [nominative, plural], laud [singular, vocative], laudōz [plural, vocative], laudōs [plural, vocative], laudą [accusative, singular], laudanz [accusative, plural], laudas [genitive, singular], laudis [genitive, singular], laudǫ̂ [genitive, plural], laudai [dative, singular], laudamaz [dative, plural], laudō [instrumental, singular], laudamiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (in the singular) man Tags: masculine, reconstruction, singular
    Sense id: en-laudaz-gem-pro-noun-SLZ24rEH
  2. (in the plural) men Tags: in-plural, masculine, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-laudaz-gem-pro-noun-COPEyRyl Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 2 2 96
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for laudaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (11.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lōte",
            "t": "qualified, conditioned"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: lōte (“qualified, conditioned”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: lōte (“qualified, conditioned”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (swalauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (swalauþs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "From *leudaną (“to sprout; spring up; grow”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/laudaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "large, great"
      ],
      "id": "en-laudaz-gem-pro-adj-jjt1OFIh",
      "links": [
        [
          "large",
          "large"
        ],
        [
          "great",
          "great"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "laudaz"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (juggalauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (juggalauþs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lówdʰos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lewdʰ-",
        "t": "to grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos, a o-grade formation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”), parallel to *liudiz (“man, person”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/laudaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "man"
      ],
      "id": "en-laudaz-gem-pro-noun-SLZ24rEH",
      "links": [
        [
          "singular",
          "singular"
        ],
        [
          "man",
          "man"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the singular) man"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "2 2 96",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "men"
      ],
      "id": "en-laudaz-gem-pro-noun-COPEyRyl",
      "links": [
        [
          "men",
          "men"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the plural) men"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-plural",
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "laudaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "gem-pro:People"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "lōte",
            "t": "qualified, conditioned"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: lōte (“qualified, conditioned”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: lōte (“qualified, conditioned”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (swalauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (swalauþs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_text": "From *leudaną (“to sprout; spring up; grow”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/laudaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "large, great"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "large",
          "large"
        ],
        [
          "great",
          "great"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "laudaz"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic nouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "gem-pro:People"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (*lauþs)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (juggalauþs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (juggalauþs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lówdʰos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁lewdʰ-",
        "t": "to grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁lówdʰos, a o-grade formation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (“to grow”), parallel to *liudiz (“man, person”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "laudamiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/laudaz",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "man"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "singular",
          "singular"
        ],
        [
          "man",
          "man"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the singular) man"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "men"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "men",
          "men"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in the plural) men"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-plural",
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlɑu̯.ðɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "laudaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.